Vakra; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vakra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Vakra (वक्र).—A King in Ancient India. He is known by the name Dantavaktra. (For further details see under Daṇṭavaktra).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vakra (वक्र).—A name of Angāraka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 110.

1b) One of the twelve mountains which entered the sea for fear of Indra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 75.

1c) rāhu,1 one-fourth less than Bṛhaspati.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 71.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 128. 64.

1d) A group of Piśācas; able to take any form they desired.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 388; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 269.

1e) One of the 16 classes of Piśācas, with crooked hands and feet.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 376 and 388.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Vakra (वक्र).—Retrograde motion. Note: Vakra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Vakra (वक्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.10, VI.10.43, IX.44.36) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vakra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vakra (वक्र).—a (S) Crooked, curved, bowed, bent. 2 Of sinuous or devious course. 3 Of backward course, retrogressive, i.e. proceeding from Aries towards Pisces;--used of a planet. 4 fig. Fraudulent, tortuous, of dishonest principles or practice.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vakra (वक्र).—a Crooked. Of devious course; fraudulent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vakra (वक्र).—a.

1) Crooked (fig. also), bent, curved, winding, tortuous; वक्रः पन्था यदपि भवतः प्रस्थितस्योत्तराशाम् (vakraḥ panthā yadapi bhavataḥ prasthitasyottarāśām) Me. 27; Ku.3.29.

2) Roundabout, indirect, evasive, circuitous, equivocal, ambiguous (as a speech); किमेतैर्वक्रभणितैः (kimetairvakrabhaṇitaiḥ) Ratn.2; वक्रवाक्यरचनारमणीयः (vakravākyaracanāramaṇīyaḥ) ...... सुभ्रुवां प्रववृते परिहासः (subhruvāṃ pravavṛte parihāsaḥ) Śi.1.12; see वक्रोक्ति (vakrokti) also.

3) Curled, curling, crisped (as hair).

4) Retrograde (as motion).

5) Dishonest, fraudulent, crooked in disposition.

6) Cruel, malignant (as a planet); वक्राः स्युः पञ्चषष्ठेऽर्के अतिवक्रा नगाष्टगे । नवमे दशमे चैव जायते सहजा गतिः (vakrāḥ syuḥ pañcaṣaṣṭhe'rke ativakrā nagāṣṭage | navame daśame caiva jāyate sahajā gatiḥ) || Jyotistattvam.

7) Prosodially long.

-kraḥ 1 The planet Mars.

2) The planet Saturn.

3) Name of Śiva.

4) Name of the demon Tripura.

5) A nose.

-kram 1 The bend or arm of a river.

2) Retrograde motion (of a planet).

3) A form of fracture.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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