Vakra: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vakra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vakra (वक्र).—A King in Ancient India. He is known by the name Dantavaktra. (For further details see under Daṇṭavaktra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vakra (वक्र).—A name of Angāraka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 110.

1b) One of the twelve mountains which entered the sea for fear of Indra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 75.

1c) rāhu,1 one-fourth less than Bṛhaspati.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 71.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 128. 64.

1d) A group of Piśācas; able to take any form they desired.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 388; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 269.

1e) One of the 16 classes of Piśācas, with crooked hands and feet.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 376 and 388.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vakra (वक्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.10, VI.10.43, IX.44.36) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vakra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Vakra (वक्र).—Retrograde motion. Note: Vakra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vakra (वक्र):—Curved or Tortuous

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vakrā (वक्रा) or “crooked” is a name for the Goddess.—The goddess is both the Point [i.e., bindu], which in mythical terms is the Liṅga, and the triangle that emerges from it. Her bent form represents the latter. Thus the Kumārikākhaṇḍa says that this triangle is the face of the goddess who emerges from the Liṅga. In some places she is called Triangle—Trikoṇā. Accordingly, she is also commonly called Vakrā, which literally means ‘crooked’, or Vakrikā—‘little Vakrā’. These names implicitly refer to the Triangle, which is her sacred geometric form as the Yoni, the womb of emanation.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vakra (वक्र).—a (S) Crooked, curved, bowed, bent. 2 Of sinuous or devious course. 3 Of backward course, retrogressive, i.e. proceeding from Aries towards Pisces;--used of a planet. 4 fig. Fraudulent, tortuous, of dishonest principles or practice.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vakra (वक्र).—a Crooked. Of devious course; fraudulent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vakra (वक्र).—a.

1) Crooked (fig. also), bent, curved, winding, tortuous; वक्रः पन्था यदपि भवतः प्रस्थितस्योत्तराशाम् (vakraḥ panthā yadapi bhavataḥ prasthitasyottarāśām) Me. 27; Ku.3.29.

2) Roundabout, indirect, evasive, circuitous, equivocal, ambiguous (as a speech); किमेतैर्वक्रभणितैः (kimetairvakrabhaṇitaiḥ) Ratn.2; वक्रवाक्यरचनारमणीयः (vakravākyaracanāramaṇīyaḥ) ...... सुभ्रुवां प्रववृते परिहासः (subhruvāṃ pravavṛte parihāsaḥ) Śi.1.12; see वक्रोक्ति (vakrokti) also.

3) Curled, curling, crisped (as hair).

4) Retrograde (as motion).

5) Dishonest, fraudulent, crooked in disposition.

6) Cruel, malignant (as a planet); वक्राः स्युः पञ्चषष्ठेऽर्के अतिवक्रा नगाष्टगे । नवमे दशमे चैव जायते सहजा गतिः (vakrāḥ syuḥ pañcaṣaṣṭhe'rke ativakrā nagāṣṭage | navame daśame caiva jāyate sahajā gatiḥ) || Jyotistattvam.

7) Prosodially long.

-kraḥ 1 The planet Mars.

2) The planet Saturn.

3) Name of Śiva.

4) Name of the demon Tripura.

5) A nose.

-kram 1 The bend or arm of a river.

2) Retrograde motion (of a planet).

3) A form of fracture.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakra (वक्र).—mfn.

(-kraḥ-krā-kraṃ) 1. Crooked, curved, bowed or bent. 2. Cruel, malignant. 3. Dishonest, fraudulent. 4. Indirect, evasive. 5. Long, (in prosody.) n.

(-kraṃ) 1. The winding course of a river or waterfall, the arm or bend of a stream. 2. The retrogade motion of a planet. 3. A species of the Anushtub'h metre. m.

(-kraḥ) 1. A name of Saturn. 2. The planet Mars. 3. Rudra or Siva. 4. The demon Tripura. E. vaki to go crookedly, rak Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakra (वक्र).—i. e. vaṅk + ra, I. adj. 1. Crooked, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 75; bent, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 9; with pathin, a round-about way, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 28. 2. Indirect, evasive. 3. Ambiguous, double-meaning, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 17, 141. 4. Fraudulent, [Pañcatantra] 44, 20; dishonest. 5. Cruel. Ii. m. A name of the planets Saturn and Mars, and of Rudra. Iii. n. The bend of a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakra (वक्र).—[adjective] crooked, tortuous, false, dishonest, ambiguous, malignant, inimical.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vakra (वक्र):—[from vaṅk] a mf(ā)n. crooked, curved, bent, tortuous, twisted, wry, oblique, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] curled, curly (as hair), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] having an apparently backward motion, retrograde (said of planets), [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) long (the form of the long mark being curved)

5) [v.s. ...] crooked in disposition, cunning, fraudulent, dishonest, evasive, ambiguous, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] hostile, cruel, malignant, inauspicious, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] m. a nose, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the planet Mars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) [v.s. ...] the planet Saturn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a [particular] drug (= parpaṭa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of Rudra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] of the Asura Bāṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] of a prince of the Karūṣas, [Mahābhārata] ([varia lectio] vaktra)

14) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] cakra)

16) Vakrā (वक्रा):—[from vakra > vaṅk] f. a [particular] musical instrument, [Lāṭyāyana]

17) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] gati) a [particular] variation in the course of Mercury, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

18) Vakra (वक्र):—[from vaṅk] n. the winding course of a river, the arm or bend of a stream, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad]

19) [v.s. ...] the apparent retrograde motion of a planet, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

20) [v.s. ...] a form of fracture (when a bone is bent or only partially broken), [Suśruta]

21) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for vaktra.

22) b etc. See p. 910, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakra (वक्र):—[(kraḥ-krā-kraṃ) a.] Crooked; cruel; dishonest. n. The winding course of a river or waterfall. m. Saturn; Mars; Shiva.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vakra (वक्र):—(von 2. vak) [Uṇādisūtra 2, 13.] gaṇa nyaṅkvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.7,3,53.] n. [Siddhāntakaumudī 249,b,1.]

1) adj. (f. ā) a) gebogen, krumm, schief (Gegens. ṛju) [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 21.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 364.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1456.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 452.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 66.] [Halāyudha 4, 11.] dhanvan [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 6, 4. 7, 56, 4.] vayasaḥ pakṣau [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 10, 2, 1, 7. 10. 11, 7, 3, 2.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 17, 1, 16. 7, 24.] [Mahābhārata 3, 10608.] yantra [Suśruta 1, 25, 21. 27, 15.] dhanurvakra [94, 1.] samidh [Gṛhyasaṃgrahapariśiṣṭa 1, 29. fg.] nāḍī trirvakrā [Suśruta 2, 182, 1.] ketakī [Spr. 5046.] śikhā [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 11, 12. 33, 16. 47, 24.] vaṃśa [Oxforder Handschriften 155,b,22.] dāru [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 14.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1009.] dāru ca vakrasaṃstham [Halāyudha 2, 148.] bālendu [Kumārasaṃbhava 3, 29.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 80, 9.] nāsā [Oxforder Handschriften 51,b,22.] anāmikā madhyamā ca [202,b,8.] bhruvau bālaśaśāṅkavakre [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 70, 8.] [Spr. 3424.] [Śākuntala 9.] nakha [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 41.] nitamba [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 206.] von Haaren so v. a. gelockt [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 19, 27. 4, 21, 17. 5, 2, 14.] gati adj. sich schlängelnd [Spr. 342. 3659.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 368.] gāmin dass. [Harivaṃśa 5774.] vakraṃ vrajati [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 20, 4.] plutā mṛgāḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 156.] panthāḥ [Meghadūta 28.] agra vorn gebogen, Bez. eines Blasenräumers [Hindu System of Medicine 370.] [Suśruta 2, 56, 4] (vaktra gedr.). a [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 3, 1, 17.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 68, 51.] ati [Oxforder Handschriften 155,b,20.] vakra krumm, schief und zugleich hinterlistig [Spr. 4962. fg.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 40, 48.] — b) rückläufig, in rückläufiger Bewegung begriffen; von Planeten: gati [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 17, 14.] [Sūryasiddhānta 2, 12.] gate (v. l. gatau) grahe [8, 15.] vakrātivakragamanādaṅgāraka iva grahaḥ [Mahābhārata 8, 711.] ga [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 2, 20.] [GAṆITĀDHY. UDAY. 5. 6.] vakrānuvakragā grahāḥ [Suśruta 1, 118, 21.] maghāsvaṅgārako vakraḥ śravaṇe ca bṛhaspatiḥ [Mahābhārata 6, 81.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 205. fgg.] — c) prosodisch lang (wegen der Gestalt des Längezeichens) [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 215.] — d) krumm so v. a. unredlich, hinterlistig, zweideutig: mati [Mahābhārata 3, 8442.] ubhe prajñe veditavye ṛjvī vakrā ca [12, 3686.] dhī f. und adj. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 3, 18. fg.] vākya [Śiśupālavadha 10, 12] (vgl. [Sāhityadarpana 66, 1]). vacas [Spr. 730] (vgl. [?Th. III, S. 409]). apabhraṣṭavakrayā . girā [Kathāsaritsāgara 17, 141. 50, 163.] saṃdeśa [47,6.] [Oxforder Handschriften 142,a,10.] avakracetas [Kaṭhopaniṣad 5, 1.] avakraga ehrlich verfahrend [Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 156.] vakra hinterlistig, verschlagen, von Personen [Spr. 2669.] [Sāhityadarpana 215, 16. fg.] (= vāmā). [Spr. 4962. fg.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 40, 48]; an den drei letzten Stellen zugleich in der Bed. a). vakra = krūra [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

2) m. a) der Planet Mars [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 116.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Halāyudha 1, 46.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 4.] [BṚH. 2, 2. 4. 4, 13. 9, 3. 11, 2 u.s.w.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 261.] [Horāśāstra] in [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 4, 318.] der Planet Saturn [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten der Karūṣa [Mahābhārata 2, 575.] — c) Nomen proprium eines Rākṣasa [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 12, 13.] — d) pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes (v. l. für cakra) [Viṣṇupurāṇa 188,] [Nalopākhyāna 42.] — e) = rudra [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — f) = tripurāsura ebend. — g) = parpaṭa [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ā a) Bez. eines best. musikalischen Instruments [LĀṬY. 4, 2, 1.] — b) (sc. gati) Bez. eines best. Stadiums in der Bahn des Mercurs [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 7, 15. fg.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 205. fgg.] —

4) n. a) Krümmung eines Flusses [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 7.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1088.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 5] (nach dem Comm. adj.); vgl. cakra (12). — b) Bez. eines partiellen Beinbruchs [Hindu System of Medicine 190.] [Suśruta 1, 300, 19. 301, 10.] — c) die rückläufige Bewegung eines Planeten: kṛtvā cāṅgārako vakraṃ jyeṣṭhāyām [Mahābhārata 5, 4841. 6, 85] (wo śravaṇe zu lesen ist). [Harivaṃśa 4257. 9875.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 1, 10. 2, S. 6, Z. 17. 6, 1. 4. 7. 15, 31. 47, 13. 97, 1.] [BṚH. 7, 11.] [GOLĀDHY. 5, 40.] [GAṆITĀDHY.] [SPAṢṬĀDHY. 44.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 284.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 22, 14.] — d) a species of the Anuṣṭubh metre [WILSON]; fehlerhaft für vaktra . — Vgl. aṣṭā, kavāṭa, ku, trivakrā, dantavakra (unter dantavaktra), pari, rodho, vākrya .

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Vākra (वाक्र):—(von vakra), vākraṃ suvātram Name eines Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,234,a.]

--- OR ---

Vakra (वक्र):—

2) b) [Mahābhārata 1, 7019] (vaktra ed. Bomb.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Vakra (वक्र):——

1) Adj. (f. ā ; Adv. vakram und vakra) — a) gebogen , krumm , schief ; gelockt (Haare). — b) rückläufig , in rückläufiger Bewegung begriffen (von Planeten). — c) prosodisch lang (wegen der Gestalt des Längezeichens). — d) unredlich , hinterlistig , zweideutig , falsch , verschlagen. — e) feindlich , ungünstig (Schicksal) zu [Indische sprüche 1918.] —

2) m. — a) der Planet Mars. — b) *der Planet Saturn. — c) *eine best. Arzeneipflanze , = parpaṭa. — d) *Beiname — α) Rudra's. — β) des Asura Bāṇa. — e) Nomen proprium — α) eines Fürsten der Karūṣa. v.l. vaktra — β) eines Rākṣasa. — γ) Pl. eines Volkes. v.l. cakra. —

3) f. cakrā — a) ein best. musikalisches Instrument. — b) ein best. Stadium in der Bahn des Mercurs.

4) n. — a) Krümmung eines Flusses. — b) ein best. partieller Beinbruch. — c) die rückläufige Bewegung eines Planeten. — d) *ein best. Metrum ; richtig vaktra.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vakra (वक्र):—(a) curved; oblique; cunning; —[gati] zigzag motion; crooked, unpredictable; cunning move; ~[buddhi] dishonest; crooked; —[dṛṣṭi] oblique glance, an angry look, frown; scowl.

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