Vakkarma, Vākkarma, Vac-karma: 2 definitions


Vakkarma means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vākkarma (वाक्कर्म) or Vākkarmapatha refers to the “paths of vocal action”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The paths of vocal action (vākkarma-patha) are four in number: abstaining from falsehood (mṛṣāvāda), slander (paiṣunyavāda), harmful speech (pāruṣyavāda) and thoughtless speech (saṃbhinnapralāpa). It can also be spelled as vākkarman.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Vākkarma (वाक्कर्म) refers to the “actions of speech”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection on the saṃgha (saṃghānusmṛti) authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? What we called ‘saṃgha’ is unconditioned, and it cannot to be recollected in the perspective of conditioning. Where there is no involvement with the actions of body, speech (vākkarma) or mind, it is called unconditioned. Thus what we called ‘conditioned’ is a mere denomination and convention. The unconditioned is the destruction of all denominations, and the transcendence of all conventions. This is, son of good family, the recollection of the congregation, authorized by the Lord”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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