Vaka Jataka, Vaka-jātaka: 2 definitions


Vaka Jataka means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vaka Jataka in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A wolf once lived on a rock near the Ganges. The winter floods came and surrounded the rock, and the wolf, unable to escape, decided to keep the holy day. The Bodhisatta, who was Sakka, appeared before him in the guise of a he goat, and the wolf, forgetting his holy day, chased him round and round the rock. Finding he could not succeed in catching him, the wolf expressed his joy that his holy day had not been violated! Sakka, hovering above him, rebuked him for his weakness.

The story was related in reference to some monks, followers of Upasena (Vangantaputta) (q.v.). Being aware of the permission granted by the Buddha to the monks who practiced the thirteen dhutahgas to visit him even during his periods of solitude, these monks would practice them for a short while and then visit him. But, the visit over, they would at once throw off their rag robes and don other garments. The Buddha discovered this and related the Jataka. J.ii.449ff.; cp. Vin.iii.231f., where no mention is made of the Jataka.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaka Jataka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vaka, 2 (indecl.): a root vak is given at Dhtp 7 & Dhtm 8 in meaning “ādāne, ” i.e. grasping, together with a root kuk as synonym. It may refer to vaka1 wolf, whereas kuk would explain koka wolf. The notion of voraciousness is prevalent in the characterization of the wolf (see all passages of vaka1, e.g. J. V, 302). (Page 591)

2) Vaka, 1 (Vedic vṛka, Idg. *ǔḷqǔo=Lat. lupus, Gr. lu/kos, Lith. vilkas, Goth. wulfs=E. wolf etc. ) wolf, only in poetry Sn. 201; J. I, 336; II, 450; V, 241, 302. (Page 591)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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