Vajrashrinkhala, Vajraśṛṅkhalā, Vajraśṛṃkhalā: 4 definitions


Vajrashrinkhala means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vajraśṛṅkhalā and Vajraśṛṃkhalā can be transliterated into English as Vajrasrnkhala or Vajrashrinkhala or Vajrasrmkhala or Vajrashrimkhala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vajrashrinkhala in Jainism glossary
Source: The Jaina Iconography

1) Vajraśṛṃkhalā (वज्रशृंखला) or Kālī is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Abhinandananātha: the fourth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—[...] Descriptions of this Yakṣiṇī of Abhinandana differ withtin two sects. The Digambaras represent Vajra-Śṛṃkhalā asriding on a swan and holding in her four hands a snake, noose,rosary and fruit. The Śvetāmbara variant of the same Yakṣiṇī named Kālī is described as seated on a lotus and as holding in her hands Varada, noose, snake and goad. Vajraśṛṃkhalā or Kālī is both a Yakṣiṇī and one of the Vidyādevīs. Her Yakṣiṇī character is well symbolised by the presence a citrus and goad and Vidyādevī character is symbolised by a swan and rosary. Kālī also assumes some symbols as becoming Vidyādevī such as Varada and Nāga, and other symbols of noose and goad as they should belong to a Yakṣiṇī. When we treat Vajra-śṛṃkhalā as a Vidyādevī, we shall see, she holds actually a Śṛṃkhalā or chain, which may explain as the origin of her name.

2) Vajraśṛṃkhalā (वज्रशृंखला) also refers to one of the sixteen Vidyādevīs (goddesses of learning).—Two forms of this goddess [Vajraśṛṃkhalā] are known to the Śvetāmbara scripture. In one form she is seated on a lotus and carries a chain and club. In another form, she is also seated on a lotus but has four hands adorned with Varada-mudrā, chain, lotus and chain again. The Digambara text mentions only a chain for the deity. We meet with the goddess of the like name in connection with the Yakṣiṇī of Abhinandana. But, in no point, the two deities seem to agree with one another. The Śvetāmbara form, however, of the Yakṣiṇī has a lotus seat like Vajra-Śṛṃkhalā. According to the Digambara text used, she grants to her worshippers good boons and habits.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vajrashrinkhala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vajraśṛṅkhalā (वज्रशृङ्खला).—name of a goddess: Sādhanamālā 413.9, 10 etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vajraśṛṅkhalā (वज्रशृङ्खला).—f.

(-lā) A female deification peculiar to the Jainas, and one of their sixteen Vidya-Devis. E. vajra a diamond, and śṛṅkhalā a chain.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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