Vajrapanjara, Vajrapañjara, Vajra-panjara: 7 definitions



Vajrapanjara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vajrapanjara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर) is one of the Asuras who came from the underworld (Rasātala) to assist Sūryaprabha in his campaign against Śrutaśarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly: “... After them came the Daityas and Dānavas, true to their agreement, brothers-in-law, fathers-in-law, friends and other connections of Sūryaprabha. Hṛṣṭaroman, and Mahāmāya, and Siṃhadamṣṭra and Prakampana, and Tantukaccha and Durāroha, and Sumāya, and Vajrapañjara, and Dhūmaketu, and Pramathana, and the Dānava Vikaṭākṣa, and many others came from as low down as the seventh underworld”.

In chapter 47, Vajrapañjarais considered a leader of warriors and transcendent warriors (rathātiratha) in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... and [Vajrapañjara], are leaders of warriors and transcendent warriors”.

The story of Vajrapañjara was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vajrapañjara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vajrapañjara).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vajrapanjara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vajrapañjara (वज्रपंजर).—m (S A cage of adamant. A title of Rama.) An impregnable hold, haven, asylum &c. Ex. (rāma) śaraṇāgatāsi vajrapañjara ||. Ps. xviii. 2.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vajrapanjara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर).—a secure refuge, protector; वज्रपञ्जरनामेदं यो रामकवचं स्मरेत् (vajrapañjaranāmedaṃ yo rāmakavacaṃ smaret) Rāma-rakṣā 13.

Derivable forms: vajrapañjaraḥ (वज्रपञ्जरः).

Vajrapañjara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vajra and pañjara (पञ्जर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—stotra. Pet. 725. Paris. (D 12 c). Ben. 43. 45. Rādh. 28. Oudh. Xv, 124. Xvii, 84 (from Maheśasaṃhitā). Burnell. 200^b. Poona. 596 (by Vālmīki). Oppert. Ii, 8398.
—by Budhakauśika. Bhk. 17. Printed in Bṛhatstotraratnākara p. 241.
—[commentary] by Gomatīdāsa Vaiṣṇava. Oudh. Xi, 18.
—[commentary] by Govindadāsa. Oudh. Xv, 124.
—[commentary] Rāmarakṣāviveka by Dharaṇīdhara Pantha. [[Oudh 1876-1877]-1877], 28.
—[commentary] by Mudgala Bhaṭṭa. Oudh. Xi, 18. W. 1768.

Vajrapañjara has the following synonyms: Rāmarakṣā.

2) Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर):—See Nṛsiṃhavajrapañjara and Nṛsiṃhapañjara.

3) Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर):—See Kālīkavaca.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर):—[=vajra-pañjara] [from vajra > vaj] m. ‘adamantine cage’, a secure refuge for, protector of ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Harṣacarita; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] n. ([probably]) Name of [particular] prayers addressed to Durgā, [Catalogue(s)] (cf. nṛsiṃha-pañjara and nṛsiṃha-vajra-p)

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Dānava, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vajrapañjara (वज्रपञ्जर):—

1) Bez. gewisser Gebete an die Durgā [Oxforder Handschriften 71,b,15.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Dānava [Kathāsaritsāgara 46, 38. 47, 28.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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