Vajradatta: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Vajradatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Vajradatta (वज्रदत्त).—The son of King Bhagadatta. He fought with Arjuna for the sacrificial horse.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vajradatta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vajradatta (वज्रदत्त).—The King of Prāgjyotiṣapura. He was the son of Bhagadatta. He attacked the neighbouring Kings and defeated them. He caught hold of the sacrificial horse of Yudhiṣṭhira, led by Arjuna, who fought with Vajradatta for three days and defeated him. (Mahābhārata Aśvamedha Parva, Chapters 65 and 74).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vajradatta in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vajradatta (वज्रदत्त) is the name of an ancient Ṛṣi, according to chapter 4.1 [śreyāṃsanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] When he had cured the disease of sovereignty with the herb of enlightenment about the Principles, he took initiation at the hands of Ṛṣi Vajradatta, his mind set on dharma. Free from worldly connections, he wandered, performing severe penance, enduring the trials, wearing away his body as well as karma. By the Sthānas, devotion to the Arhats, etc., described in the scriptures, he acquired firm Tīrthakṛt-body-making karma. Practicing severe penance, engaged in pure meditation, devoted to the four refuges, he died in time and went to the heaven Mahāśukra”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vajradatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vajradatta (वज्रदत्त):—[=vajra-datta] [from vajra > vaj] m. Name of a son of Bhaga-datta, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] of a prince, [Harṣacarita]

3) [v.s. ...] of a king of Puṇḍarīkiṇī, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

4) [v.s. ...] (śrī-), Name of an author, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vajradatta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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