Vaitarana, Vaitaraṇa: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vaitarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Vaitaraṇa (वैतरण) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Vaitaraṇī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Cittacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the cittacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Vaitaraṇa] are black in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Vaitaraṇa (वैतरण) is the Sanskrit name for Vetaraṇī: a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The river Vetaraṇī is referred to in the Saṃyutta where it is stated to be the river Yama. The Buddhist tradition, therefore, seems to support the Brahmanical tradition of the Vaitaraṇī being the Yama’s river. In this river [Vetaraṇī] the hellish creatures suffer. It is the river Vaitaraṇī in Orissa and is mentioned in the Mahābhārata as being situated in Kāliṅga. Vetaraṇī is again identified with the river Dantura which rises near Nāsik and is in the north of Bassein.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaitarana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Vaitaraṇa (वैतरण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—an ancient medical author. Mentioned by Suśruta W. p. 275, by Candraṭa Oxf. 358^a.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaitaraṇa (वैतरण):—mf(ī)n. ([from] vi-taraṇa) intending to cross a river, [Mahābhārata]

2) transporting (a departed spirit) over the river that flows between earth and the lower regions (as a cow given to Brāhmans; See below and, [Religious Thought and Life in India 296, 297]), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) m. a [patronymic] [Ṛg-veda]

4) Name of a physician, [Harivaṃśa; Suśruta]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vaitaraṇa (वैतरण):—(von vitaraṇa)

1) adj. (f. ī) a) der über einen Fluss überzusezzen gedenkt: atra vaitaraṇī nāma nadī vaitaraṇairvṛtā [Mahābhārata 5, 3792.] vitaraṇaiḥ (vaitaraṇīnadīsaṃjñakanarakagāmibhiḥ [Nīlakaṇṭha][) ed. Bomb.] — b) über den Höllenfluss hinübergeleitend: dhenu (die man Brahmanen schenkt) [Colebrooke I, 177.] tāṃ (vaitaraṇīṃ) tartukāmo yacchāmi kṛṣṇāṃ vaitaraṇīṃ tu gām [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1111.] subst. f. mit Ergänzung von go u. s. w.: [1020.] vaitaraṇyādidāna [1106. fg.] [Oxforder Handschriften 87,a,36.] —

2) m. patron. [Ṛgveda 10, 61, 17.] [Nalopākhyāna] pr. eines Arztes, eines Sohnes des Śatadhanvan, [Harivaṃśa 2037. 8057. 8078.] [Suśruta.1,1,8.] [Oxforder Handschriften 358,a,5.] —

3) f. vaitaraṇī a) Nomen proprium eines heiligen Flusses (in Kaliṅga) [Mahābhārata 2, 373. 3, 6054. 8148] (vataraṇī in der ed. Calc. Druckfehler). [?10098.6,342 (Viṣṇupurāṇa 184). Harivaṃśa 7736. 9511. Rāmāyaṇa.4,44,65. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57,24. Oxforder Handschriften 46,b, Nalopākhyāna 3. 77,b,22. Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I,85.] — b) Nomen proprium des Höllenflusses [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1086.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 88.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 108.] [Mahābhārata 1, 6457. 5, 3792. 6, 2638] (mahā). [4719. 7, 7730. 12, 11128. 12075. 16, 142. 18, 84.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 59, 20. 7, 21, 14.] [Spr. (II) 1974.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 207. 209.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 2, 7. 5, 26, 7. 22. 7, 9, 43.] vaitaraṇīnadyuttārikā gauḥ [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 39, 8.] [Colebrooke I, 177.] bhava [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 9, 41.] vaitaraṇi [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 2, 103.] — c) Nomen proprium der Mutter der Rākṣasa [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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