Vaitadhya, Vaitāḍhya: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vaitadhya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vaitadhya in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vaitāḍhya (वैताढ्य) is the name of a mountain situated in the center of Bhārata (parallel to the Himavān) which divides Bhārata into northern and southern regions. It is also known by the name Vijayārdha. Bhārata is one of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Vaitāḍhya (वैताढ्य).—In the center of the Bhārata, parallel to the Himavān, is the Mountain Vaitāḍhya or Vijayārdha, dividing the Bhārata kṣetra into northern and southern regions. The northern one is peopled by the Mlecchas. The southern region is divided into western, middle and eastern parts, the Mlecchas again live in the extreme east and west sections, the middle section peopled by āryas is known as the ārya-khaṇḍa.

On the northern and the southern slopes of the Mount Vaitāḍhya are cities of the Vidyādharas, fifty in the south and sixty in the north. At ten yojanas above the abodes of the Vidyādharas are two rows adorned with abodes of the Vyantaras. Above these again are nine peaks. There are two caves on the Vaitāḍhya, known as the Tamisra-guhā and the Khaṇḍaprapāta-guhā.

The Vaitāḍhya has nine peaks known as

  1. siddhāyatana-kūṭa,
  2. dakṣiṇārdhabharata-kūṭa,
  3. khaṇḍaprapāta-kūṭa,
  4. maṇibhadra-kūṭa,
  5. vaitāḍhya-kūṭa,
  6. pūrṇabhadra-kūṭa,
  7. tamisraguhā-kūṭa,
  8. uttarabharatārdha-kūṭa,
  9. vaiśramaṇa-kūṭa.

The last eight derive names from gods of the same name superintending over them, while the first one is so called from the Siddhāyatanas or temples of the Siddhas situated on it. Such shrines are also known as śāśvata Jina Bhavanas with images of śāśvata Jinas installed in them.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vaitāḍhya (वैताढ्य) is the name of a mountain and city of Vidyādharas, according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] by service to him [i.e., Ṛṣabha], the Master of the World, royal wealth comes quickly to a man as if drawn by a noose. By service to him the Indraship of the Vidyādharas on mount Vaitāḍhya is exceedingly easy for men here to acquire, like hanging fruit.

[...] taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they [i.e., Nami and Viname] went to Vaitāḍhya. They landed on mount Vaitāḍhya which is kissed by the mass of waves of the Lavaṇa Ocean at its borders, placed like a measuring-rod between the east and west quarters; a boundary between the northern and southern parts of Bharata, fifty yojanas wide north and south; buried six and a quarter yojanas in the earth, twenty-five yojanas high; embraced on all sides by the Gaṅgā and Sindhu rivers as if by mount Hima with arms stretched out from afar”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaitadhya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaitāḍhya (वैताढ्य):—m. Name of a mountain, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vaitāḍhya (वैताढ्य):—m. Nomen proprium eines Berges [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 1, 345. 2, 349.] vielleicht vaittāḍhya (von vittāḍhya) zu lesen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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