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Vairāja, aka: Vairaja, Vairājā; 3 Definition(s)


Vairāja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Vairāja can be transliterated into English as Vairaja, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

1) Vairāja (वैराज):—The Sanskrit name for one of the five Vimānas created by Brahmā, the great Creator, in the hoary past for gods. They were for travelling in the air, beautiful to look at, colossal in shape, made of gold and studded with gems. Vairāja was to be used by Brahmā himself. Vimānas represent the ‘aerial chariots’ of the gods, but also refers to seven-storey palaces. It is described in the 11th-century Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra (49.3) by Bhojadeva. Accordingly, “Vairāja may be a square shaped”. It is from the self-same five shapes of Vimānas that later on, Brahmā created the Prāsāda.

The Vairāja type of Vimāna exhibits twenty-four different temples:

  1. Rucaka,
  2. Citrakūṭa,
  3. Siṃhapañjara,
  4. Bhadra,
  5. Śrīkūṭa,
  6. Uṣṇīṣa,
  7. Śālākṣa,
  8. Gajayūthapa,
  9. Nandyāvartta,
  10. Avataṃsāhva,
  11. Svastika,
  12. Kṣitibhūṣaṇa,
  13. Bhūjaya,
  14. Vijaya,
  15. Nandī,
  16. Śrītaru,
  17. Pramadāpriya, 
  18. Vyāmiśra,
  19. Hastijātīya,
  20. Kubera,
  21. Vasudhadhara,
  22. Sarvabhadra,
  23. Vimāna,
  24. Muktakoṇa.

These are the names of 24 out of a total of 64 temples (prāsāda) mentioned in same chapter.

2) Vairāja (वैराज):—The name of a group of temple classifications, comprising 9 square-shaped temple categories, according to the 8th-century Agnipurāṇa. The Vairāja group is one of the five groups mentioned in the purāṇa, and represents the North-Indian classification of temples.

  1. Meru,
  2. Mandara,
  3. Vimāna,
  4. Nandivardhana,
  5. Nandana,
  6. Sarvatobhadra,
  7. Bhadra,
  8. Rucaka,
  9. Śrīvatsa.
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.


1a) Vairāja (वैराज).—Father of Ajita Hari;1 a Lokapāla.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 9.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 157; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 206.

1b) A Prajāpati, whose Pitṛs are formless.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 3.

1c) Same as Sudhāman;1 a son of Viraja, the lord of Prācidik; a Lokapāla;2 married Śatarūpā whose sons were Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and whose daughters were Ākūtī and Prasūtī;3 grandfather of Cākṣuṣa Manu.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 124. 95; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 14.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 11.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 39.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 90.

1d) The 27th kalpa;^1 (19th kalpa, Vāyu-purāṇa); the period of Vairāja Manu, son of the Creator.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 290. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 40-2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 65.

1e) Is Brahmā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 43.

1f) Father of Nadvalā; a progenitor and father-in-law of sixth Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 4.

1g) Also a vīrapuruṣa from whom was born Śatarūpā and two sons Priyavrata and Uttānapāda as also two daughters Ākūtī and Prasūtī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 15-7.

1h) Got by tapas;1 a loka.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 93. 133; 143. 33; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 30. 44; IV. 2. 60.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 2. 141.

1i) The abode of Brahmā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 161. 17.

1j) A metre, creation of.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 52.

2a) Vairājā (वैराजा).—The first gods created by Brahmā to occupy the first worlds by name Samtānakas; among them seven groups are distinguished, three formless and four with form; then earth, rains, food, worship of moon for rice; the formless attain absolution through yoga power;1 the three formless groups are Pitṛs engaged in yoga;2 Ṛbhu and Sanatkumāra come under this class; they attained Brahmaloka or siddhi.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 9. 52-62; Vāyu-purāṇa 71. 52.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 4.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 2. 35, 70 ff.

2b) A class of formless Pitṛs: Fallen from Yoga, they attain eternal worlds (lokān sanātanān) and are reborn as Brahmavādins at the end of a day of Brahmā: they then gain their old memory and by sānkhya and yoga they attain final release. Their mind-born daughter Menā is the wife of Himavān.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 3-6.

2c) The Brahmans living in the Virajasa world; this is said to be the first Kalpa of the Vairājās.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 72. 4; 101. 61-4.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

The sun-god is also known as Vairāja, the total material body for all living entities. Because he entered this dull egg of the universe at the time of creation, he is also called Mārtaṇḍa. He is also known as Hiraṇyagarbha because he received his material body from Hiraṇyagarbha [Lord Brahmā].

We have information that Vairāja, Hiraṇyagarbha, entered the great, dull, material globe called the sun. This indicates that the theory held by so-called scientists that no one lives there is wrong. Bhagavad-gītā also says that Kṛṣṇa first instructed Bhagavad-gītā to the sun-god (Bg. 4.1). Therefore the sun is not vacant. It is inhabited by living entities, and the predominating deity is Vairāja, or Vivasvān.

Source: Red Zambala: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam | Canto 5 Chapter 20

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