Vairāgya, aka: Vairagya; 3 Definition(s)
Vairāgya (वैराग्य).—Renunciation; detachment from matter and engagement of the mind in spirit.
Vairāgya roughly translates as dispassion, detachment, or renunciation, in particular renunciation from the pains and pleasures in the material world (Maya). The Hindu philosophers who advocated vairāgya told their followers that it is a means to achieve moksha. True vairagya refers to an internal state of mind rather than to external lifestyle and can be practiced equally well by one engaged in family life and career as it can be by a renunciate. Vairagya does not mean suppression or developing repulsion for material objects. By the application of vivek (spiritual discrimination or discernment) to life experience, the aspirant gradually develops a strong attraction for the inner spiritual source of fulfillment and happiness and limited attachments fall away naturally. Balance is maintained between the inner spiritual state and one's external life through the practice of seeing all limited entities as expressions of the one Cosmic Consciousness or Brahman.
The concept of Vairāgya is found in the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali, where it along with practice (abhyāsa), is the key to restraint of the modifications of the mind (YS 1.12, "abhyāsa-vairāgyabhyāṁ tannirodhaḥ"). The term vairāgya appears three times in the Bhagavad Gita (6.35, 13.8, 18.52) where it is recommended as a key means for bringing control to the restless mind. It is also the main topic of Mokṣopāya or Yoga Vasistha. Another important text on renunciation is Vairāgya shataka or "100 verses of Renunciation", a part of the Śatakatraya collection by Bhartṛhari.
Etymology: Vairāgya is an abstract noun derived from the word virāga (joining vi meaning "without" + rāga meaning "passion, feeling, emotion, interest"). This gives vairāgya a general meaning of ascetic disinterest in things that would cause attachment in most people. It is a "dis-passionate" stance on life. An ascetic who has subdued all passions and desires is called a vairāgika.
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- · Śrī Sanatkumara-saṃhita > Text 41
- · Vivekachudamani > Verse 372
- · Vivekachudamani > Verse 28
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- · Vivekachudamani > Verse 79
- · Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā > ... > Text 42
- · Vivekachudamani > Verse 21
- · Yoga Vasistha Volume 1 > Title Page
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.2.205
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- · Parables of Rama > ... > Concentration and Character
- · The Taittiriya Upanishad > ... > Introduction
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- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.1.219
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.2.202
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.2.204
- · Preceptors of Advaita > 5. Śuka
- · The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) > The Indian Editor’s Preface
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