Vaikrita, Vaikṛta: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Vaikrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaikṛta can be transliterated into English as Vaikrta or Vaikrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vaikrita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vaikṛta (वैकृत) refers to the first five classes of cosmic creation (sarga), namely: [mukhyasarga, tiryaksarga, devasarga, rājasasarga, bhūtādisarga], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.15:—“[...] then again at the bidding of Lord Śiva the Bhūtādikasarga (Bhūtādisarga) appeared. Thus five types of creation collectively called Vaikṛta were set in motion by me. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vaikṛta (वैकृत).—A mountain noted for śrāddha offerings.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 28.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vaikṛta (वैकृत).—lit. subjected to modifications; which have undergone a change; the term, as contrasted with प्राकृत (prākṛta), refers to letters which are noticed in the Samhitapatha and not in the Padapatha. The change of अस् (as) into ओ (o), or of the consonant त् (t) into द् (d) before soft letters, as also the insertion of त् (t) between त् (t) and स् (s) etc. are given as instances. cf. वैकृताः ये पदपाठे अदृष्टाः । यथा प्रथमास्तृती-यभूताः, अन्तःपाताः इत्येवमादयः (vaikṛtāḥ ye padapāṭhe adṛṣṭāḥ | yathā prathamāstṛtī-yabhūtāḥ, antaḥpātāḥ ityevamādayaḥ)

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vaikrita in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Vaikṛta (वैकृत) refers to “averting (disagreeable portents)”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 1.64.—Accordingly: “The king who knew what to do asked his guru about those portents like the headwind etc., if they would be averted (vaikṛta) soon, and he removed his fears saying, ‘It will end well’”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vaikrita in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vaikṛta (वैकृत) refers to the “modified prāṇāyāma”, according to the Śivayogadīpikā by Sadāśivayogīśvara: a text dealing with Śaivism and Haṭhayoga in two hundred and eighty-nine verses.—Accordingly, while describing Haṭhayoga techniques: “Mantrayoga is natural [prāṇāyāma], Layayoga is modified (vaikṛta) [prāṇāyāma], Haṭhayoga is called Kevalakumbhaka and Rājayoga is the no-mind [state]. The first is the Yoga of the so'ham mantra, and [the second] is the absorption of the breath in the [internal] resonance. After that, [Haṭhayoga] is steadiness of the mind and breath, and the fourth [Rājayoga] is the absence of mental activity. The fourth is obtained through the cessation of the breath. Therefore, you should become an adept of [this] practice and one devoted to prāṇāyāma”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaikṛta (वैकृत).—a S Changed (in form or in combination).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaikṛta (वैकृत).—a. (- f.)

1) Changed.

2) Modified.

3) Relating to Sattva (sāttvika); Bhāgavata 11.24.8.

3) Disfigured; यदि मन्त्राङ्गहीनोऽयं यज्ञो भवति वैकृतः (yadi mantrāṅgahīno'yaṃ yajño bhavati vaikṛtaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.272. 1.

4) Not natural.

-tam [vikṛtasya bhāvaḥ aṇ]

1) Change, alteration, modification.

2) Aversion, disgust, loathing.

3) Change in state, appearance &c., disfigurement; उदडीयत वैकृतात् करग्रहजादस्य विकस्वरस्वरैः (udaḍīyata vaikṛtāt karagrahajādasya vikasvarasvaraiḥ) N.2.5; वैकृतं त्वग्निहोत्रे स लक्षयित्वा महातपाः (vaikṛtaṃ tvagnihotre sa lakṣayitvā mahātapāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.137.3.

4) A portent, any event foreboding evil; तत् प्रतीपपवनादि वैकृतं प्रेक्ष्य (tat pratīpapavanādi vaikṛtaṃ prekṣya) R.11.62.

5) Fraud, cheating (kapaṭa); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.149.15.

6) Agitation.

-taḥ = अहंकारः (ahaṃkāraḥ) q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikṛta (वैकृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Changed, in mind or form. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Aversion, disgust. 2. Change in mind or from. 3. An event forboding evil. f. (-tī) Hideous, loathsome. E. vikṛta the same, aṇ pleonasm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikṛta (वैकृत).—i. e. vikṛti + a, I. adj. Changed. Ii. n. 1. Change, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 45; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 314. 2. Aversion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikṛta (वैकृत).—[adjective] produced by change, derived, secondary; altered, disfigured, ugly; unnatural, artificial. [neuter] change, alteration, degeneration, unnatural condition or apparition; aversion, enmity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaikṛta (वैकृत):—mf(ī)n. ([from] vi-kṛti) modified, derivative, secondary (-tva n., [Lāṭyāyana]), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Taittirīya-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]] etc.

2) undergoing change, subject to modification, [Sāṃkhyakārikā; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana]

3) disfigured, deformed, [Mahābhārata]

4) not natural, perpetuated by adoption (as a family), [Catalogue(s)]

5) m. Name of the Ahaṃ-kāra or I-making faculty, [Mahābhārata]

6) of a demon causing a [particular] disease, [Harivaṃśa]

7) n. (ifc. f(ā). ) change, modification, alteration, disfigurement, abnormal condition, changed state, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta] etc.

8) n. an unnatural phenomenon, portent, [Raghuvaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) mental change, agitation, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

10) aversion, hatred, enmity, hostility, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikṛta (वैकृत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) n.] Aversion; change. a. Changed.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaikrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaikṛta (ವೈಕೃತ):—

1) [adjective] changed; metamorphosed.

2) [adjective] that is or has become ugly.

3) [adjective] maimed; disabled; mutilated; crippled.

4) [adjective] not natural or original; unnatural.

5) [adjective] virtuous; honest; gentle; pure.

--- OR ---

Vaikṛta (ವೈಕೃತ):—

1) [noun] the state, condition or fact of being changed; the changed form, condition.

2) [noun] the state or fact of being deprived of a part or limb or member; lameness.

3) [noun] (phil.) one of the three kinds of the ego.

4) [noun] a strong feeling of disgust, aversion; a sickening distaste.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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