Vaikhanasa, Vaikhānasa: 10 definitions


Vaikhanasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (vaishnavism)

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) or Vaikhānasāgama refers to one of the two classifications of Vaiṣṇavāgamas: one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Sage Vikhanasa is said to be the revealer of this Āgama, following him the four sages called Atri, Bhṛgu, Kāśyapa and Marīci have composed individual works. Hence they are called vaikhānasa-āgamas.

The works of sage Atri are called as Tantra and there are totally 88,000 Granthas, which are divided in to Pūrvatantra, Ātreyatantra, Viṣṇutantra, Uttaratantra, Khilatantra and Paratantra.

The works of sage Bhṛgu are called as Adhikāra consisting of 64,000 Granthas and they are Vāsādhikāra, Citrādhikāra, Mānādhikāra, Kriyādhikāra, Arcanādhikāra, Yajñādhikāra, Varṇādhikāra, Prakīrṇādhikāra, Pratigṛhyādhikāra, Niruktādhikāra and Khilādhikāra.

The works of sage Kāśyapa are called as Kāṇḍa and its extant are 64,000 Granthas and they are divided in to Satyakāṇḍa, Tarkakāṇḍa and Jñānakāṇḍa.

The works of sage Marīci are called as Saṃhitā and they are of 1,84,000 Granthas and they are Jayasaṃhitā, Ānandasaṃhitā, Saṃjñānasaṃhitā, Vīrasaṃhitā, Vijayasaṃhitā, Vijitasaṃhitā, Vimalasaṃhitā and Jñānasaṃhitā.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaikhanasa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—A philosopher. He had written a book known as 'Vaikhānasadharmapraśna'. Matters concerning the duties of a forest-house-holder, occupation suitable for children born of wedlocks which are in accordance with natural law as well as contrary to the natural order, etc. are dealt with in detail, in this book. A large number of quotations from Vaikhānasadharmapraśna occur in Manusmṛti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—A Vaiṣṇava of the ardent type.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 44

1b) Practices for a Brahmacārin before becoming a full fledged mendicant.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 15; IV. 2. 130.

1c) A class of seers, born on vyapohini rite on ashes. Pṛthu became a Vaikhānasa in the evening of his life;1 a son of Nahuṣa;2 Agastya followed the system;3 tapas in the forests.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 43; IV. 23. 4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 27; II: 32. 25; III. 1. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 65: 56.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 24. 51.
  • 3) Ib. 61. 37.
  • 4) Ib. 145. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 27; 59. 24.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vaikhānasa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaikhanasa in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) is one of the principal traditions of Hinduism and primarily worships Viṣṇu (and his associated Avatars) as the Supreme God. Vaikhānasas claim to be a surviving school of Vedic ritual, the Taittirīya-śākhā of the Kṛṣṇna-yajurveda. The Vaikhānasa doctrine states that Mokṣa is release into Viṣṇu’s heaven.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaikhanasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—a. (- f.) Relating to a hermit, ascetic, monastic; वैखानसं किमनया व्रतमा प्रदानाद् व्यापाररोधि मदनस्य निषेवितव्यम् (vaikhānasaṃ kimanayā vratamā pradānād vyāpārarodhi madanasya niṣevitavyam) Ś.1.26.

-saḥ An anchorite, a hermit (vāna- prastha); a Brāhmaṇa in the third order of his religious life; संबद्धवैखानसकन्यकानि (saṃbaddhavaikhānasakanyakāni) (tapovanāni) R.14.28; वैखानसेभ्यः श्रुतरामवार्ताः (vaikhānasebhyaḥ śrutarāmavārtāḥ) Bk.3.46; Ms.6.21; Mb.3.114.15.

3) A hermit born from the nails and hair of the god Brahman; Rām.3.6.2. (com. prajāpaternakhalomajāḥ vaikhānasāḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—m.

(-saḥ) A man of the third religious order, a hermit, an anchoret. f. (-sī) A vessel used for frying meal to be offered in sacrifice. f. (-sī) Relating to hermits. E. vi before khan to dig, ḍa-an asun karma0 svārthe aṇ, subsisting on roots, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—1. [masculine] a class of Ṛṣis & cert. stars; a Brahman of the third order, ascetic, hermit ([feminine] ).

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Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—2. [adjective] relating to hermits or ascetics, monastic.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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