Vaikhanasa, Vaikhānasa: 19 definitions


Vaikhanasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vaikhanas.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vaikhanasa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—A philosopher. He had written a book known as 'Vaikhānasadharmapraśna'. Matters concerning the duties of a forest-house-holder, occupation suitable for children born of wedlocks which are in accordance with natural law as well as contrary to the natural order, etc. are dealt with in detail, in this book. A large number of quotations from Vaikhānasadharmapraśna occur in Manusmṛti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—A Vaiṣṇava of the ardent type.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 44

1b) Practices for a Brahmacārin before becoming a full fledged mendicant.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 15; IV. 2. 130.

1c) A class of seers, born on vyapohini rite on ashes. Pṛthu became a Vaikhānasa in the evening of his life;1 a son of Nahuṣa;2 Agastya followed the system;3 tapas in the forests.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 43; IV. 23. 4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 27; II: 32. 25; III. 1. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 65: 56.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 24. 51.
  • 3) Ib. 61. 37.
  • 4) Ib. 145. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 27; 59. 24.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vaikhānasa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (vaishnavism)

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) or Vaikhānasāgama refers to one of the two classifications of Vaiṣṇavāgamas: one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Sage Vikhanasa is said to be the revealer of this Āgama, following him the four sages called Atri, Bhṛgu, Kāśyapa and Marīci have composed individual works. Hence they are called vaikhānasa-āgamas.

The works of sage Atri are called as Tantra and there are totally 88,000 Granthas, which are divided in to Pūrvatantra, Ātreyatantra, Viṣṇutantra, Uttaratantra, Khilatantra and Paratantra.

The works of sage Bhṛgu are called as Adhikāra consisting of 64,000 Granthas and they are Vāsādhikāra, Citrādhikāra, Mānādhikāra, Kriyādhikāra, Arcanādhikāra, Yajñādhikāra, Varṇādhikāra, Prakīrṇādhikāra, Pratigṛhyādhikāra, Niruktādhikāra and Khilādhikāra.

The works of sage Kāśyapa are called as Kāṇḍa and its extant are 64,000 Granthas and they are divided in to Satyakāṇḍa, Tarkakāṇḍa and Jñānakāṇḍa.

The works of sage Marīci are called as Saṃhitā and they are of 1,84,000 Granthas and they are Jayasaṃhitā, Ānandasaṃhitā, Saṃjñānasaṃhitā, Vīrasaṃhitā, Vijayasaṃhitā, Vijitasaṃhitā, Vimalasaṃhitā and Jñānasaṃhitā.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (v)

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) or Vaikhānasāgama refers to one of the two divisions of the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas (the other being Pāñcarātra).—Tradition has it that Lord Viṣṇu himself manifested as sage Vikhanasa and authored the Vaikhānasa-āgama. The sage Vikhanasa is also considered to be the mind-born or mānasaputra of lord Viṣṇu. The sage along with other seers like Atri, Marīci, Bhṛgu, and Kaśyapa was responsible for expounding the Vaikhānasa-āgama after deeply digging within himself (khanana) and meditated on the Lord, the ultimate Truth.

The Vaikhānasa branch of Vaishnavism is monotheistic in its import. Its focus is on undiluted devotion to Viṣṇu in the visual (mūrta-arcā) form, with utmost emphasis on the ritualistic aspects of worship of the same both in homes and temples. [...] The Vaikhānasa school focuses more on ritualistic worship enjoined in the Pūrva Mīmāṃsā rather than the esoteric philosophical tenets imparted in the Vedānta or Uttara Mīmāṃsā of the Vedas. [...] Vaikhānasa literature is quiet extensive. Most of the treatises dwell deeply on the rituals of worship in their minutest details covering daily, fortnightly, monthly and annual festivals or utsavas with special emphasis on expiatory rituals, temple-Architecture, Iconography, installation of idols, consecration and so on.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pancaratra (Samhita list)

1) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Vaikhānasa-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

2) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—[Cf. Jñānapāda chapter 1, verses 99-114]—First is explained the folly of following more than one Saṃhitā for a single series of rituals. Then the names of the 108 Tantras of the Pāñcarātra corpus are named [e.g., Vaikhānasa]. Even those who repeat these 108 titles will gain salvation.

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) refers to a class of persons for whom their “behavior” is discussed in the fourth chapter of the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—Description of the chapter [samayācāra-vidhi]:—For each of the four castes and for pratilomakas and sūtakas as well as for any of the four āśramas certain modes of behavior are expected; further, all of these persons are eligible for saṃskāras (1-4). [...] Such terms as [e.g., vaikhānasa] [...] are defined (5-21a). The remainder of the chapter deals with general principles of conduct common to all these persons—prāṇāhuti, japa, etc. (21b-24a).

2) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) refers to a classification of Vaiṣṇavas, as discussed in the twenty-second chapter of the Jayākhyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra Āgama text composed of 4500 verses in 33 chapters dealing with topics such as mantra (formulas), japa (repetitions), dhyāna (meditations), mudrā (gesticulations), nyāsa (concentrations) etc.—Description of the chapter [vaiṣṇava-ācāra]:—[...] The different types of Vaiṣṇavas are explained on the “natural” grounds that peoples’ states are determined by past karmans (3-5)—[e.g., vaikhānasas (13b-35a)] [...]. All of these are distinguished by some overt sign or profession. [...] The Lord asks Nārada to honor all these kinds of persons. All of them, He says, are eligible to do yāgas as well as pūjās. Even their mere glance can wash away the sins of those less fortunate and endowed (57-64a).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vaikhanasa in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) is one of the principal traditions of Hinduism and primarily worships Viṣṇu (and his associated Avatars) as the Supreme God. Vaikhānasas claim to be a surviving school of Vedic ritual, the Taittirīya-śākhā of the Kṛṣṇna-yajurveda. The Vaikhānasa doctrine states that Mokṣa is release into Viṣṇu’s heaven.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaikhanasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—a. (- f.) Relating to a hermit, ascetic, monastic; वैखानसं किमनया व्रतमा प्रदानाद् व्यापाररोधि मदनस्य निषेवितव्यम् (vaikhānasaṃ kimanayā vratamā pradānād vyāpārarodhi madanasya niṣevitavyam) Ś.1.26.

-saḥ An anchorite, a hermit (vāna- prastha); a Brāhmaṇa in the third order of his religious life; संबद्धवैखानसकन्यकानि (saṃbaddhavaikhānasakanyakāni) (tapovanāni) R.14.28; वैखानसेभ्यः श्रुतरामवार्ताः (vaikhānasebhyaḥ śrutarāmavārtāḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 3.46; Manusmṛti 6.21; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.114.15.

3) A hermit born from the nails and hair of the god Brahman; Rām.3.6.2. (com. prajāpaternakhalomajāḥ vaikhānasāḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—m.

(-saḥ) A man of the third religious order, a hermit, an anchoret. f. (-sī) A vessel used for frying meal to be offered in sacrifice. f. (-sī) Relating to hermits. E. vi before khan to dig, ḍa-an asun karma0 svārthe aṇ, subsisting on roots, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—i. e. vikhānasa (a proper name), + a, I. adj. Instituted by Vaikhānasa (with vrata, the life of an anchoret), [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 26. Ii. m. An anchoret, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 16, 5; cf. 93, 5. Iii. f. , A vessel used for frying meat to be offered in sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—1. [masculine] a class of Ṛṣis & cert. stars; a Brahman of the third order, ascetic, hermit ([feminine] ).

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Vaikhānasa (वैखानस).—2. [adjective] relating to hermits or ascetics, monastic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted as a medical author in Ṭoḍarānanda W. p. 290.

2) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस):—on architecture. Used by Rāmrāj.

3) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस):—Śrautasūtra. Haug. 20. Oppert. 8257. Gṛhyasūtra. Mysore. 3. Sūtra, without accurate statement. B. 1, 190. Oppert. 115. 116. 3017. Ii, 413. 4170.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaikhānasa (वैखानस):—m. ([from] vi-khānasa) a Brāhman in the third stage of his life, anchorite, hermit (= vānaprastha q.v.), [Kāvya literature; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) a [patronymic] of Vamra, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

3) of Puru-hanman, [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

4) Name of [particular] stars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) of a sect of Vaiṣṇavas, [Horace H. Wilson; Catalogue(s)]

6) mf(ī)n. relating or belonging to Vaikhānasas or anchorites (with tantra n. the Tantra of the sect called Vaikhānasa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa; Lāṭyāyana] etc.

7) n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस):—(saḥ) 1. m. A man of the third religious order, a hermit. f. (). A vessel to fry meal for sacrifices.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaikhanasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaikhanasa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vaikhānasa (वैखानस) [Also spelled vaikhanas]:—(nm) a Brahman in the third stage of his life—an anchorite.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaikhanasa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaikhānasa (ವೈಖಾನಸ):—[adjective] relating or belonging to anchorites.

--- OR ---

Vaikhānasa (ವೈಖಾನಸ):—

1) [noun] a brāhmaṇa who lives alone and apart from society for religious meditation.

2) [noun] a sage or ascetic.

3) [noun] a vaiṣṇava sect.

4) [noun] a man belonging to this sect.

5) [noun] one of the vaiṣṇavaāgamas.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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