Vaikalya, Vaikalyā: 15 definitions


Vaikalya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vaikalya (वैकल्य):—Loss of motor function or deformity

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vaikalya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vaikalya (वैकल्य) refers to “impairment (of the sense-organs)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.5 (“The Tripuras are fascinated).—Accordingly, as Arihan said to the Lord of the Three Cities: “[...] It is said in the Vedas that Bliss is an aspect of the Brahman. That shall be taken as it is. It is false to bring in various alternatives. One shall seek and enjoy happiness as long as the body is hale and hearty, as long as the sense-organs are not impaired and as long as the old age is far off. When there is sickness, impairment of the sense-organs (indriya-vaikalya) and old age how can one derive happiness? Hence those who seek happiness shall be prepared to give away even the body. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vaikalya (वैकल्य) refers to a “lack (of strength)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[...] By whichever posture they may make the mind steady, that same pleasant posture ought to be done by mendicants. Abandonment of the body and sitting cross-legged are said by some [to be] better for embodied souls now because of lack of strength (vīrya-vaikalya) due to the degeneracy of the times”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaikalya (वैकल्य).—n S Impairedness or imperfection; i. e. broken, distorted, deformed, decayed, defective state (of a limb, member, organ). 2 fig. Imperfection or incompleteness, deficient or wanting state (of a business, of some performance or act).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaikalya (वैकल्य).—n Impairedness; broken state.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaikalya (वैकल्य).—[vikalasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Defect, deficiency, imperfection; इदं तु वृत्तिवैकल्यात्त्यजतो धर्मनैपुणम् (idaṃ tu vṛttivaikalyāttyajato dharmanaipuṇam) Manusmṛti 1.85.

2) Mutilation, being crippled or lame.

3) Incompetency.

4) Agitation, flurry, excitement.

5) Non-existence.

6) Weakness, imbecility; शक्तिवैकल्यनम्रस्य (śaktivaikalyanamrasya) ... तृणस्य च समा गतिः (tṛṇasya ca samā gatiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 11.59.

Derivable forms: vaikalyam (वैकल्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikalya (वैकल्य).—n.

(-lyaṃ) 1. Lameness, mutilation. 2. Deficiency, defect, mutilation. 3. Non-existence. 4. Incompetency, insufficiency. 5. Agitation, flurry. E. vikala defective, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikalya (वैकल्य).— i. e. vikala + ya, n. 1. Lameness, imbecility, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 193: [Hitopadeśa] 121, 14; [Pañcatantra] 254, 9 (bud- ḍhi-, of understanding). 2. Deficiency, defect, want, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 85; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 119. 3. Insufficiency, [Pañcatantra] 166, 16. 4. Non-existence. 5. Agitation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikalya (वैकल्य).—[neuter] infirmity, imperfection, deficiency, want, absence; despondency, perplexity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaikalya (वैकल्य):—n. ([from] vi-kala) imperfection, weakness, defectiveness, defect, frailty (also -tā f., [Rāmāyaṇa]; [wrong reading] vaikalpa-tā), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) incompetency, insufficiency, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) despondency, [Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.

4) confusion, flurry, [Mahābhārata] ([varia lectio] vaiklavya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikalya (वैकल्य):—(lyaṃ) 1. n. Lameness; hitch; flurry.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vaikalya (वैकल्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaikalia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaikalya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaikalya (ವೈಕಲ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] deficiancy; lack.

2) [noun] the state or fact of being deprived of a part or limb or member; lameness.

3) [noun] the state of being mentally retarded.

4) [noun] a fault, a flaw or imperfection.

5) [noun] sorrow; misery; grief; anguish; agony.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaikalya in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Vaikalya (वैकल्य):—n. 1. defect; deficiency; imperfection; 2. incompetency;

2) Vaikalyā (वैकल्या):—n. a woman widowed after her betrothal; adj. fem. → विकलाङ्ग [vikalāṅga]

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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