Vaijayanti, Vaijayantī, Vaijayamti: 21 definitions
Vaijayanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Vaijayanti (वैजयन्ति) is a necklace composed of a successive series of groups of gems, each group wherein has five gems in a particular order; it is described in the Viṣṇupurāṇa thus:—“Viṣṇu’s necklace called Vaijayanti is five-formed as it consists of the five elements, and it is therefore called the elemental necklace.”
Here five-formed points to five different kinds of gems, namely
- the pearl,
- and diamond”
The Viṣṇurahasya also says,
- “From the earth comes the blue gem,
- from water the pearl,
- from fire the kaustubha,
- from air the cat’s eye
- and from ether the Puṣparāga.”
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) is another name for vanamālā as worn by Balarāma. According to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa, it is made of five different gems—emerald, pearl, bluestone, ruby and diamond.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shilpa)
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) refers to “(painting) flags”, according to the Citrasūtra section (on painting) from the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa.—Accordingly, “He who is able to paint waves, flames, smoke, flags (vaijayantī—vaijayantyāmbarādikam) and garments etc. with the speed of the wind is considered to be an expert”.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती).—A garland containing flowers of five colors and reaching down to the knees. It is worn by Lord Kṛṣṇa.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती).—Two bells of Airāvata. Indra presented these two bells to Subrahmaṇya, who, in his turn, gave one of them to Viśākha. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 231, Stanza 13).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Vaijayanti (वैजयन्ति).—The garland worn by Arjuna (Haihaya) and by Ananta;1 presented by sages to Balarāma after he killed Balavala.2 The garland of Harī.3
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Premna corymbosa Rottl.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vaijayantī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) refers to a “(felicitous) banner”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her body is beautiful and bears the hue of vermillion. Its middle part is slim, [and] she is the repository of beauty. She is slightly bent like a young elephant because of her pitcher-like breasts, resembling the temples of a young elephant. Her eyes are moving and wide like those of a deer. She is moon-faced, her smiles are gentle, and she serves as the felicitous banner (maṅgala-vaijayantī) of the Love-god. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) is the mother of Ānanda: the sixth Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).
The stories of Vaijayantī and Ānanda are narrated in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the eastern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, “[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Vaijayantī], living on the eastern Rucaka Mountains, came in chariots rivaling the mind (in speed) as it were. After bowing to the Master and to Marudevā and announcing themselves as before, singing auspicious songs, they stood in front, holding mirrors. [...].”.
2) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) is the name of a Vidyādhara-city, situated on mount Vaitāḍhya (in the southern row), according to chapter 1.3. Accordingly, “[...] Taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they went to Vaitāḍhya. [...] Ten yojanas above the earth, King Nami made fifty cities on the mountain in a southern row [viz., Vaijayantī]. Nami himself lived in Śrīrathanūpuracakravāla, the capital city among these cities. [...] The two rows of Vidyādhara-cities looked very magnificent, as if the Vyantara rows above were reflected below. After making many villages [viz., Vaijayantī] and suburbs, they established communities according to the suitability of place. The communities there were called by the same name as the community from which the men had been brought and put there. [...]”.
3) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) or Yaśomatī is the wife of Sumitravijaya: the younger brother of king Jitaśatru, according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly: “Sumitrā’s wife, Vaijayantī, also called Yaśomatī, saw these same dreams that night. Then Vijayā and Vaijayantī passed the rest of the night awake, rejoicing like blooming night-lotuses. At dawn Lady Vijayā related the dreams to Jitaśatru and Vaijayantī to Sumitravijaya. [...]”.
4) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) refers to one of the lotus-lakes situated near the four Añjana mountains, which are situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “In the four directions from each of the Añjana Mountains there are lotus-lakes, 100,000 yojanas square: [e.g., Vaijayantī, ...]. At a distance of 500 yojanas from each of them there are great gardens, 500 yojanas wide and 100,000 long, [...]. Within the lotus-lakes are the crystal Dadhimukha Mountains, [...] Between each two lotus-lakes there are 2 Ratikara Mountains so there are 32 Ratikara Mountains. On the Dadhimukha Mountains and on the Ratikara Mountains, there are eternal shrines of the Arhats, just as on the Añjana Mountains. [...]”.
5) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) is the wife king Mahaśiras from Cakrapura, according to chapter 6.3 [ānanda-puruṣapuṇḍarīka-bali-caritra].—Accordingly:—“In the southern half of Bharata in Jambūdvīpa there is a city Cakrapura, the ornament of the earth. Its king was Mahaśiras, by whom, like another Lokapāla, the important heads of kings had been made to bow. [...] His wife was named Vaijayantī, surpassing even Apsarases in beauty; and his second wife was Lakṣmīvatī, like Lakṣmī. The god, King Sudarśana, fell from Sahasrāra and descended into the womb of the chief-queen Vaijayantī. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) refers to a type of flag commonly used for decorating the Vimānas (temple complex) of ancient India, as vividly depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 92.24-31: A Devī-vimāna is described as being decorated with rubies, pearls-pendants and festoons, rows of bells attached to banners, rows of vaijayantī flags fixed on the top, lotus-medallions formed by the inset work of rubies, figures of the lotus-pond and thus giving appearance of Padma-vimāna. [...]
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)
Vaijayanti in India is the name of a plant defined with Clerodendrum phlomidis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Volkameria multiflora Burm.f. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1836)
· Edinb. Phil. Journ. (1824)
· Glimpses of Cytogenetics in India (1992)
· Hortus Suburbanus Calcuttensis (1845)
· Supplementum Plantarum (1782)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Vaijayanti, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
vaijayantī (वैजयंती).—f S Black basil, Ocymum nigrum. 2 A flower-tree, Sesbania Ӕgyptiaca.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vaijayantī (वैजयंती).—f Black basil.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A banner, flag; स्तनपरिणाहविलासवैजयन्ती (stanapariṇāhavilāsavaijayantī) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3.15; Śiśupālavadha 18.4; न ह्यनारुह्य नागेन्द्रं वैजयन्ती निपात्यते (na hyanāruhya nāgendraṃ vaijayantī nipātyate) Śiva B.4.19.
2) An ensign.
3) A garland, necklace.
4) The necklace of Viṣṇu.
5) Name of a lexicon.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vaijayanti (वैजयन्ति).—(= Sanskrit °tī), flag, banner: -paṭākā-°ti- (in a long [compound]) Lalitavistara 295.15 (prose; so all mss.; Calcutta (see LV.) °tī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—lexicon, by Yādava Bhaṭṭa. Kāṭm. 10. Burnell. 50^a. Oppert. 1037. 2706. 5659. 6222. 8258. Ii, 6146. Bu7hler 544. Quoted by Hemacandra Oxf. 185^b, in Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti, by Mallinātha, and others.
2) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती):—vedānta, by Tryambaka Śāstrin. Rice. 176.
3) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती):—Bhaṭṭikāvyaṭīkā by Kandarpa Śarman.
4) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती):—Viṣṇusmṛtiṭīkā by Nanda Paṇḍita. Properly called Keśavavaijayantī.
5) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती):—lexicon, by Yādava Bhaṭṭa. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 90. Often quoted by Devaṇṇa in Smṛticandrikā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती):—[from vaijayanta] f. a flag, banner, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] an ensign, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) [v.s. ...] a kind of garland prognosticating victory, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] the necklace of Viṣṇu, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of the 8th night of the civil month, [Sūryaprajñapti]
6) [v.s. ...] Premna Spinosa, [Suśruta]
7) [v.s. ...] Sesbania Aegyptiaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a lexicon by Yādavaprakāśa
9) [v.s. ...] of a [commentator or commentary] to Viṣṇu’s Dharmaśāstra ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 304, 305])
10) [v.s. ...] Name of various other works.
11) [v.s. ...] of a town or a river, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vaijayantī (वैजयन्ती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vijayaṃtā, Vijayaṃtī, Vejayaṃtī.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Vaijayanti in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) a shield; banner; mythological garland of Lord Vishnu..—vaijayanti (वैजयंती) is alternatively transliterated as Vaijayaṃtī.
1) [noun] a banner; a flag.
2) [noun] the garland of flowers, which Viṣṇu wears around his neck.
3) [noun] a garland of flowers put around the neck of a king while marching against his enemy.
4) [noun] Banavāsi, a town and region in the present Uttara Kannaḍa district of Karnāṭaka.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vaijayamtike, Vaijayamtimale, Vaijayamtivimana, Vaijayanti-mala, Vaijayantika, Vaijayantikosha, Vaijayantimala.
Ends with: Advaitasiddhantavaijayanti, Anavanamitavaijayanti, Karivaijayanti, Keshavavaijayanti, Kusumavaijayanti, Mangalavaijayanti, Prayogavaijayanti, Siddhantavaijayanti, Vaishnavasiddhantavaijayanti, Yajamanavaijayanti.
Full-text (+162): Yadavakosha, Vaijayantika, Karivaijayanti, Vijayanta, Vaijayamtimale, Vaijayanti-mala, Karika, Vaijayamti, Vaijayamtike, Agaru, Prayogavaijayanti, Vejayamti, Siddhantavaijayanti, Vaishnavasiddhantavaijayanti, Yajamanavaijayanti, Naimaya, Keshavavaijayanti, Ahira, Kandarpa sharman, Vihamgarati.
Search found 38 books and stories containing Vaijayanti, Vaijayantī, Vaijayamti, Vaijayaṃti; (plurals include: Vaijayantis, Vaijayantīs, Vaijayamtis, Vaijayaṃtis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verses 5.5.30-32 < [Chapter 5 - Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s Entrance Into Mathurā]
Verse 2.22.37 < [Chapter 22 - The Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Verse 2.16.34 < [Chapter 16 - The Worship of Tulasī]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.3.36 < [Part 3 - Chivalry (vīrya-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.316 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.1.315 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.4.8 < [Chapter 4 - Revelation of Nityānanda’s Glories]
Verse 2.6.78 < [Chapter 6 - The Lord’s Meeting with Advaita Ācārya]
Verse 1.5.127-134 < [Chapter 5 - Eating the Mendicant Brāhmaṇa’s Offerings]
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
Verse 11.46 < [Chapter 11 - Vishvarupa-darshana-yoga]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 16 < [Chapter 6 - Ṣaṣṭha-yāma-sādhana (Sāyaṃ-kālīya-bhajana–bhāva)]
Editor’s Preface to the English Edition
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 9: Birth of Sagara < [Chapter II - Birth of Ajita and Sagara]
Part 4: Vaijayantī’s dreams < [Chapter II - Birth of Ajita and Sagara]
Part 4: Birth of Ānanda < [Chapter III - Ānandapuruṣapuṇḍarīkabalicaritra]