Vaidehaka: 9 definitions
Vaidehaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Vaidehaka (वैदेहक) refers to “merchant”. The disguise of such a person is part of a five-fold group of spies (pañcavarga), according to Uśanas. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.154)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey
Vaidehaka (वैदेहक, “merchant”) refers to one of the various covers of spies, forming part of a the intelligence apparatus of a state (rājya), according to the ancient Indian science of Society and Polity, as defined in Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra (4th century BCE).—Kauṭilya suggests mass participation in intelligence gathering through institutions such as religion. Spies could be under the guises such as vaidehaka.
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A trader; गृहपतिवैदेहकतापसव्यञ्जनाः (gṛhapativaidehakatāpasavyañjanāḥ) Kau. A. 2.
2) = वैदेह (vaideha) (4) q. v.
Derivable forms: vaidehakaḥ (वैदेहकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) 1. A trader by profession. 2. A man of a mixed caste, the offspring of a Vaiśya father and Brahman mother, whose business is attendance in the women’s apartments. E. videha the country, vuñ. aff.; or vi various, dih to collect, (goods, &c.,) aff. ṇvul and aṇ added; or videha a king, the supposed author of rules for merchants, vuñ aff., or with aṇ aff. and ṭhak added vaidehika .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vaidehaka (वैदेहक).—[vaideha + ka], m. = vaideha, I., cf. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 13 (= vaideha, 1. 2.).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vaidehaka (वैदेहक):—[from vaideha] mfn. relating or belonging to the Videhas, [Mahābhārata]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a man of the Vaideha caste (said to be the offspring of a Śūdra father and Brāhman mother), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] a merchant, [Harṣacarita]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Buddhist literature]
5) [v.s. ...] [plural] = videha (the people called so), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vaidehaka (वैदेहक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A trader by profession; an attendant in the women’s apartments.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] = ವೈದೇಹ - [vaideha -] 4.
2) [noun] a male offspring of a man of merchant cast in a brāhmaṇa woman.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vaidehakaparvata.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Vaidehaka, Vaidēhaka; (plurals include: Vaidehakas, Vaidēhakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.6 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Verse 10.47 < [Section IV - Occupations of the Mixed Castes]
Verse 10.33 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Gautama Dharmasūtra (by Gautama)
Baudhayana Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 7 - Distinction Between Sons < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
Chapter 11 - The Institution of Spies < [Book 1 - Concerning Discipline]
Chapter 1 - Formation of Villages < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)