Vadya, Vādya: 17 definitions



Vadya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vady.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vādya (वाद्य) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “instrumental music”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is also known as Ātodya.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Vādya (वाद्य) is a general name for “musical instruments” that existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Nīlamata says that the land of Kaśmīra was thronged with ever-sportive and joyful people enjoying continuous festivities. Living amidst scenes of sylvan beauty they played, danced and sang to express their joys, to mitigate their pains, to please their gods and to appease their demons.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vādya (वाद्य).—Names of musical instruments mentioned.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 16. 3-6; Matsya-purāṇa 7. 14; 105. 6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Vādya (वाद्य) refers to “playing musical instruments” (specific tāla during certain rituals) and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Vādya].

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Fine Arts in Ancient India

Vādya (वाद्य, “instrumental music”).—The second important branch of fine arts is “vādya” or popularly known as Instrumental Music. There are more or less four important categories of musical instruments.

These are known as

  1. Tata (string instruments),
  2. Suṣira (blowing instruments),
  3. Ānaddha or Avanaddha (leather-covered instruments)
  4. Ghana (instruments made of metal, wood, stone or clay).

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vādya.—(SITI), a musical instrument. Note: vādya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vadya (वद्य).—a (S) An epithet used with the word pakṣa (a lunar fortnight) and with the names (dvitīyā, tṛtīyā, caturthī &c.) of the days of the lunar fortnight, implying Dark, waning &c.

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vāḍyā (वाड्या).—See vāḍhapa &c.

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vāḍyā (वाड्या).—m C (vāḍī) A proprietor of hamlets, or enclosures, or tenements.

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vādya (वाद्य).—n (S) A musical instrument. See in order carmavādya, tantuvādya, maṅgalavādya, mukhavādya, raṇavādya &c.

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vādyā (वाद्या).—m (vāda) A disputant, an opponent in argument: also a disputatious or quarrelsome person. 2 (Vulgar.) An antagonist or opponent in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vādya (वाद्य).—n A musical instrument.

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vādyā (वाद्या).—Disputant. (Vulgar.) An opponent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vadya (वद्य).—a.

1) Fit to be spoken, not blamable; cf. अवद्य (avadya).

2) Dark or second (said of the fortnight of a lunar month; vadyapakṣaḥ the dark fortnigt).

-dyam Speech, speaking about.

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Vādya (वाद्य).—[vad-ṇic yat]

1) A musical instrument; ततं वाद्यं तु देवानां गन्धर्वाणां च शौषिरम् । आनद्धं राक्षसानां तु किंनराणा घनं विदुः (tataṃ vādyaṃ tu devānāṃ gandharvāṇāṃ ca śauṣiram | ānaddhaṃ rākṣasānāṃ tu kiṃnarāṇā ghanaṃ viduḥ) || Saṅgītadāmodara.

2) The sound of a musical instrument; श्रोत्रेषु संमूर्च्छति रक्तमासां गीतानुगं वारिमृदङ्ग- वाद्यम् (śrotreṣu saṃmūrcchati raktamāsāṃ gītānugaṃ vārimṛdaṅga- vādyam) R.16.64 (vādyadhvaniḥ Malli.).

-dyaḥ, -dyam An instrumental music.

Derivable forms: vādyam (वाद्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vadya (वद्य).—(nt. ? = Pali vajja, which is usually derived from Sanskrit varjya, tho this is not used as a noun in this sense; if so, vadya would be a false Sanskritization of vajja, as in next), fault, sin: (read) aṇumātreṣu vadyeṣu bhaya- darśāvī Mahāvastu iii.52.1 = Pali aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadas- sāvī (see Critical Pali Dictionary s.v. aṇumatta), seeing danger in (even) very small faults; a common phrase in Pali; since Pali vajja is common in other locutions, there seems no doubt that we must read vadyeṣu; mss. corrupt, °mātreṣevadyeṣu or °mātreṣvabandheṣu; Senart em. °mātreṣv āvadyeṣu (intending Sanskrit avadyeṣu? this would seem plausible but for the close Pali parallel).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadya (वद्य).—f.

(-dyā) Adj. 1. Unblamable. 2. The second or dark, (fortnight of a lunar month.) n.

(-dyaṃ) Speech, speaking.

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Vādya (वाद्य).—n.

(-dyaṃ) Any musical instrument. E. vad to sound, aff. ṇyat; to be sounded or played.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vādya (वाद्य).—[adjective] to be spoken or to be played (blown) on; [neuter] speech or musical instrument.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vadya (वद्य):—[from vad] mfn. to be spoken etc. (See a-v and anav)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the days of the dark lunar fortnight

3) [v.s. ...] n. speech, speaking about, conversing (See brahma-v, satya-v).

4) Vādya (वाद्य):—[from vāda] mfn. to be said or spoken or pronounced or uttered, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] to be sounded or played (as a musical instrument), [Catalogue(s)]

6) [v.s. ...] n. a speech, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] instrumental music, [Mālavikāgnimitra; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] m. or n. a musical instrument, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vādya (वाद्य):—(dyaṃ) 1. n. Musical instrument.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vādya (वाद्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vajja, Vāia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vadya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vādya (वाद्य) [Also spelled vady]:—(nm) a musical instrument; (a) (musical instrument) that can be played upon; (fit) to be played upon; ~[vṛṃda] the orchestra; -[saṃgīta] instrumental music.

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