Vadin, Vādin: 13 definitions


Vadin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vādin (वादिन्, “sonant”) refers to one of the four classes of musical notes (svara), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. It can also be spelled like vādī. Accordingly, “that which is an aṃśa-svara (‘chief-note’) anywhere, will in this connexion, be called there Sonant (vādin)”. The sonant note is the melodic centre of the melody.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vādin (वादिन्) refers to a “scholar”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XVI.—Accordingly, “[...] by his wisdom (prajñā) and his learning (bahuśruta), Śāriputra possessed great qualities (guṇa). [...] At that time, there were two Nāga-kings (Nāgarāja) at Magadha: the first was called Giri and the second Agra. They brought the rain at the proper time and the country did not experience the years of famine. The people were grateful to them and regularly, in the [second] month of spring (caitra), they went in a crowd to the Nāgas to hold a great festival, [...] On that day, it was customary to set up four high seats (bṛsī), the first for the king, the second for the crown prince (kumāra), the third for the prime minister (mahāmātya) and the fourth for the scholar (vādin). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vādin (वादिन्) refers to “one who holds disputations” and represents one of the eight divisions of Prabhāvanā (“propogation”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The twentieth is the propagation of the doctrine by Vidyās, prognostication, literary composition, discussion, discourses on dharma, etc. [viz., Vādin] Of these (i.e., of the twenty) one is cause for gaining tīrthakṛtnāma-karma”.—(Cf. note 120 and Yogaśāstra 2.16, p. 65)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vādin, (adj.) (—°) (fr. vāda) speaking (of), saying, asserting, talking; professing, holding a view or doctrine; arguing. Abs. only at A. II, 138 (cattāro vādī four kinds of disputants); Sn. 382 (ye vā pi c’aññe vādino professing their view). Otherwise —°, e.g. in agga° “teacher of things supreme” Th. 1, 1142; uccheda° professing the doctrine of annihilation Nett 111 (see uccheda); kāla°, bhūta° attha° etc. speaking in time, the truth & good etc. D. I, 4, 165; A. I, 202; V, 205, 265, 328; caṇḍāla° uttering the word C. Mhvs 5, 60; tathā° speaking thus, consistent or true speaker D. III, 135; Sn. 430; dhamma° professing the true doctrine S. III, 138; in combination with vinaya-vādin as much as “orthodox” Vin. III, 175; mahā° a great doctrinaire or scholar SnA 540; yatha° cp. tathā°-; sacca° speaking the truth A. II, 212; the Buddha so-called Th. II, 252 f.; vaṇṇa° singing the praises (of) Vin. II, 197. (Page 608)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vādin (वादिन्).—a. [vad-ṇini]

1) Speaking, talking, discoursing.

2) Asserting.

3) Disputing.

4) Designating, designated as; यत्र यत्र वनोद्देशे सत्त्वाः पुरुषवादिनः । वृक्षाः पुरुष- नामानस्ते सर्वे स्त्रीजनाभवन् (yatra yatra vanoddeśe sattvāḥ puruṣavādinaḥ | vṛkṣāḥ puruṣa- nāmānaste sarve strījanābhavan) || Rām.7.87.13.

5) Talking pleasantly; Rām.2.36.3 (com. vādinyaḥ paracittā- karṣakavacanacaturāḥ). -m.

1) A speaker.

2) A disputant, an antagonist; तस्याङ्गीकरणेन वादिन इव स्यात् स्वामिनो निग्रहः (tasyāṅgīkaraṇena vādina iva syāt svāmino nigrahaḥ) Mu.5.1; R.12.92.

3) An accuser, a plaintiff.

4) An expounder, a teacher.

5) (In music) The leading or key-note.

6) An alchemist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vādin (वादिन्).—adj. m. (specialized mgs. of Sanskrit id.), (1) one who proclaims (the doctrine, or learning); as epithet of a Buddha: Mahāvyutpatti 70 (compare next and vādi-siṃha); n. sg. vādi or vādī, followed by pravādi (°dī), a declarer, a proclaimer (of learning), or perhaps an eloquent proclaimer (according to Senart vādi-pravādin, [compound], which seems less likely), (brāhmaṇo vedapārago…) vādi pravādi (Senart with v.l. pravādī) Mahāvastu iii.390.8 (prose); (adhīyāpito) vādi (v.l. vādī) pravādī 394.10 (prose); (2) ifc., calling oneself… (without justi- fication): ye ete tubhyaṃhi (mss.; instr. pl.) ānītā (em.) aśāstārā (mss., n. pl.) śāstāra-vādino Mahāvastu i.254.1 (prose), who are no teachers but call themselves teachers (so mss., Senart em. wrongly).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vādin (वादिन्).—mfn. (-dī-dinī-di) 1. Speaking, discoursing. 2. Asserting, declaring. m. (-dī) 1. A sage, an expounder of the law and the Shastras. 2. A plaintiff, an accuser. 3. Leading or key note, (in music.) 4. A disputant. 5. A speaker. E. vad to speak, ṇini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vādin (वादिन्).—i. e. vad + in, I. adj. 1. Speaking, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 118; [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 57, 164; a speaker, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 53. 2. Asserting. 3. Disputing, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 47. Ii. m. 1. An expounder of the law. 2. A plaintiff, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 92, 2. 3. Key-note.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vādin (वादिन्).—[adjective] speaking, discoursing, asserting, expressing (—°, [rarely] [accusative]). [masculine] speaker, explainer, teacher, disputant; plaintiff, accuser, [dual] plaintiff and defendant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vādin (वादिन्):—[from vāda] mfn. saying, discoursing, speaking, talking, speaking or talking about (often ifc. or sometimes with [accusative] of object), declaring, proclaiming, denoting, designating (or sometimes = designated as, addressed by a title etc.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] producing sounds, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a speaker, asserter, (ifc.) the teacher or propounder, or adherent of any doctrine or theory, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Śaṃkarācārya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

4) [v.s. ...] a disputant, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a plaintiff, accuser, prosecutor ([dual number] plaintiff and defendant), [Yājñavalkya; Nārada-smṛti, nāradīya-dharma-śāstra]

6) [v.s. ...] an alchemist, [Kālacakra]

7) [v.s. ...] m. a player on any musical instrument, musician (See f.), the leading or key-note, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Buddha (as ‘the disputant’), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vādin (वादिन्):—[(dī-dinī-di) a.] Speaking, asserting. m. A sage, an expounder; a plaintiff; key note.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vādin (वादिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vāi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vadin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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