Vadhu, Vadhū, Vādhū: 19 definitions


Vadhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vadhū (वधू) refers to “one’s wife”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.33 (“The appeasement of Himavat”).—Accordingly, as Menakā said to Arundhatī: “Ha, what a meritorious thing is this! We are blessed. Arundhatī, the daughter-in-law of the Creator of the universe, the wife (vadhū) of Vasiṣṭha, has come here. O gentle lady, what for is your visit now? Please tell me specifically. My daughter and I are your slaves. Be merciful to us”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vadhū (वधू).—A wife of Veśa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 112.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Vadhū (वधू) refers to a “bride”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now he tells the fruit of the rotation of the bowl, starting from the east etc., and ending in the middle. According as the bowl rotates in cardinal directions from the east up to the middle of the basin, it causes respectively the good fortune of having the husband alive and devoted (saubhāgya), death, near death of the bride (vadhū-mṛtisama), the body full of diseases, the girl becomes the favourite [of all], resembles a courtesan, (?) virtuous, endowed wit h sons, wealth and relatives. Staying in the middle, [the bowl] grants noble [sons]. If the bowl becomes full (pūrṇā)[ and sinks] in the north, northeast, or in the east, it bestows auspiciousness; if it sinks (magnā) in the remaining directions, it is said to inflict widowhood on the girl”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vadhu (वधु) refers to the “wives” (of the distinguished sages), according to the Halāyudhastotra verse 34-35.—Accordingly, “The visitation of the wives of the distinguished sages (dvijavara-vadhu-upaplava) in the Pine Park, the oblation with seed in Fire, the twilight dance: Your behaviour is not reprehensible. O Three-eyed one! The doctrines of the world do not touch those who have left worldly life, having passed far beyond the path of those whose minds are afflicted by false knowledge. The gods all wear gold and jewels as an ornament on their body. You do not even wear gold the size of a berry on your ear or on your hand. The one whose natural beauty, surpassing the path [of the world], flashes on his own body, has no regard for the extraneous ornaments of ordinary men”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vadhū.—one's own wife; one's son's wife. (putra-vadhū) Note: vadhū is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vadhū : (f.) a woman.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vadhū, (f.) (Ved. vadhū; to Lith. vedù to lead into one’s house) a daughter-in-law VvA. 123. (Page 600)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vadhū (वधू).—f (S) A bride: also a wife. 2 A female of any age between that at which females are deemed marriageable and the age of puberty. vadhū nēmasta karaṇēṃ To fix upon a female as a wife (for one's son).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vadhū (वधू).—f A bride; a wife.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vadhu (वधु).—f.,

-vadhukā 1 A daughter-in-law.

2) A young woman in general.

Derivable forms: vadhuḥ (वधुः).

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Vadhū (वधू).—f. [uhyate pitṛgehāt patigṛhaṃ vah-ūdhuk ca; cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 1.83]

1) A bride; वरः स वध्वा सह राजमार्गं प्राप ध्वजच्छायनिवारितो- ष्णम् (varaḥ sa vadhvā saha rājamārgaṃ prāpa dhvajacchāyanivārito- ṣṇam) R.7.4,19; समानयंस्तुल्यगुणं वधूवरं चिरस्य वाच्यं न गतः प्रजापतिः (samānayaṃstulyaguṇaṃ vadhūvaraṃ cirasya vācyaṃ na gataḥ prajāpatiḥ) Ś.5.15; Kumārasambhava 6.82.

2) A wife, spouse; इथ नमति वः सर्वांस्त्रिलोचनवधूरिति (itha namati vaḥ sarvāṃstrilocanavadhūriti) Kumārasambhava 6.89; R.1.9.

3) A daughter-in-law; एषा च रघुकुलमहत्तराणां वधूः (eṣā ca raghukulamahattarāṇāṃ vadhūḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4;4. 16; तेषां वधूस्त्वमसि नन्दिनि पार्थिवानाम् (teṣāṃ vadhūstvamasi nandini pārthivānām) 1.9.

4) A female, maiden, woman in general; हरिरिह मुग्धवधूनिकरे विलासिनि विलसति केलिपरे (haririha mugdhavadhūnikare vilāsini vilasati kelipare) Gītagovinda 1; स्वयशांसि विक्रमवतामवतां न वधूष्वघानि विमृशन्ति धियः (svayaśāṃsi vikramavatāmavatāṃ na vadhūṣvaghāni vimṛśanti dhiyaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 6.45; N.22.47; Meghadūta 16,49,67.

5) The wife of a younger relation, a younger female relation.

6) The female of any animal; मृगवधूः (mṛgavadhūḥ) a doe; व्याघ्रवधूः, गजवधूः (vyāghravadhūḥ, gajavadhūḥ) &c.

Derivable forms: vadhūḥ (वधूः).

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Vādhū (वाधू).—A vessel, boat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadhu (वधु).—f.

(-dhuḥ) 1. A son’s wife. 2. A wife in general. vah to bear, u aff.; more commonly vadhū .

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Vadhū (वधू).—f.

(-dhūḥ) 1. Woman in general, a female. 2. A wife. 3. A young wife, one recently married, a bride. 4. A son’s wife. 5. A sort of bulbous root, (Curcuma reclinata.) 6. A gramineous plant, (Trigonella corniculata:) see pṛkkā 7. A plant, (Echites frutescens.) E. vah to bear, u aff., and ha changed to dha; also derived from badh to bind, in which case it is written badhū .

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Vādhū (वाधू).—f.

(-dhūḥ) A vessel, a boat, a raft. E. vah to bear, aff. ūṇ; form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadhu (वधु).— (vb. vah, q. cf.), f. 1. A wife. 2. A son’s wife (cf. vadhū).

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Vadhū (वधू).—also badhū badhū (vb. vah, q. cf.), f. 1. A woman, [Kirātārjunīya] 6, 45. 2. A wife, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 192, M.M.; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 51, 14; 55, 29. 3. A wife recently married. 4. A son’s wife, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 6, 9. 5. A female relation, [Sundopasundopākhyāna] 4, 16. 6. The name of several plants.

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Vādhū (वाधू).— (vb. vah, cf. vadhu), f. A boat, a vessel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vadhu (वधु).—[feminine] woman, wife.

--- OR ---

Vadhū (वधू).—[feminine] bride or newly married woman, wife or woman i.[grammar], also female of any animal; daughter-in-law, i.[grammar] the wife of a younger relation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vadhū (वधू):—f. ([from] √vadh = vah; cf. ūḍhā) a bride or newly-married woman, young wife spouse any wife or woman, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a daughter-in-law, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

3) any younger female relation, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) the female of any animal, ([especially]) a cow or mare, [Ṛg-veda v, 47, 6]

5) [viii 19, 36] (cf. vadhū-mat)

6) Name of various plants (Trigonella Corniculata; Echites Frutescens; Curcuma Zerumbet), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Vadhu (वधु):—[from vadhū] f. a young wife or woman, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

8) [v.s. ...] a daughter. in-law, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Vādhū (वाधू):—f. ([from] √vadh = vah) a vessel, boat, raft, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vadhu (वधु):—(dhuḥ) 2. f. A wife; a son’s wife.

2) Vadhū (वधू):—(dhūḥ) 3. f. Woman; a wife; a son’s wife; a gramineous plant.

3) Vādhū (वाधू):—(dhūḥ) 3. f. A vessel, boat, raft.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vadhū (वधू) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vahū.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vadhu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vadhū (वधू):—(nf) a bride, wife; -[pakṣa] the bridal party.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vadhu (ವಧು):—

1) [noun] a woman who has just been married or is about to be married; a bride.

2) [noun] a woman (in gen.).

3) [noun] a woman as related to her husband; a wife.

4) [noun] wife of one’s son; a daughter-in-law.

5) [noun] the plant Trigonella corniculata of Papilionaceae family.

6) [noun] the root of this plant used in preparing perfumes.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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