Vada, aka: Vāda; 14 Definition(s)


Vada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vāda (वाद).—An Amitābha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 54.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Vāda (वाद) refers to “discussion”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Vāda (वाद, “discussion”) refers to the tenth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Vāda is one type of discussion which is conducted with the help of pramāṇas and tarka. This discussion establishes a new theory. In this discussion, both the parties–the exponent (vādi) and the opponent (prativādi) try to establish their own opinion and refuse the opposite. This discussion is called vāda. Gautama says that vāda (discussion) means the establishment of one from the two opposite points, discussing it by five members which is protected by the right knowledge.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

M (Doctrine, philosophy). Conviction, ideal.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vaḍa (वड) in Prakrit or Vaṭa in Sanskrit refers to the banyan (Ficus bengalensis), the shoots (aṅkura) of which are classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Those plants which are classifiedas ananta-kāyas (eg., vaḍa) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

Source: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Vāḍa is a word denoting a ‘village’ or ‘hamlet’ and can be seen as a synonym for grāma, often used in inscriptions.—Terms such as vāḍa are in many cases, associated with the names of the villages so as to become the ending part of the different place-names. Inscriptions throw light on the location of the villages in different ways. Firstly, they communicate us an idea about the country, the division and the sub-division to which these villages belonged. Secondly, the inscriptions provide information regarding theboundaries of the donated villages.

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

vāda : (m.) theory; saying; creed controversy.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vada, (adj.) (-°) (fr. vad) speaking, in cpd. vaggu° speaking pleasantly Sn. 955 (cp. Nd1 446; SnA 571=sundaravada); suddhiṃ° of clean speech Sn. 910. (Page 599)

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Vāda, (fr. vad: see vadati; Vedic vāda (not in RV!), in meaning of “theory, disputation” only in Class. Sk. ‹-› The relation of roots vac: vad is like E. speak: say; but vāda as t. t. has developed quite distinctly the specified meaning of an emphatic or formulated speech= assertion or doctrine) 1. speaking, speech, talk, nearly always —°, e.g. iti° hearsay, general talk M. I. 133; S. V, 73; A. II, 26; kumāraka° child-talk or childish talk, i.e. in the manner of talking to a child S. II, 218 sq.; cori° deceitful talk PvA. 89 (so read with v. l. for T. bheri°); dhammika° righteous speech A. V, 230; musā° telling lies, false speech A. I, 129; II, 141; IV, 401; PvA. 15. See under musā.—adj. (—°) speaking up for, proclaiming, advertising D. I, 174 (sīla°, paññā° etc.); Sn. 913 (nivissa° dogmatist); A. I, 287 (kamma°, kiriya°, viriya°).—vādaṃ bhindati to refute a speech, to make a view discrepant (cp. bhinna-vāda under 4!) SnA 45 (Māravādaṃ bh.).—2. what is said, reputation, attribute, characteristic Sn. 859 (but SnA 550=nindā-vacana); J. I, 2 (jāti° genealogy, cp. D. I, 137). See also cpd. °patha.—3. discussion, disputation, argument, controversy, dispute Sn. 390, 827 (also as adj. hīna°); DhA. III, 390= Vin. IV, 1; Mhvs 4, 42 (sutvā ubhinnaṃ vādaṃ).—4. doctrine, theory put forth, creed, belief, school, sect SnA 539 sq.; in cpds. : ācariya° traditional teaching Miln. 148; also “heterodoxy” Mhbv 96, cp. Dpvs. V, 30; uccheda° annihilistic doctrine Nd1 282: see under uccheda; thera° the tradition of the Theras, i.e. the orthodox doctrine or word of Gotama Buddha Mhvs 5, 2; 33, 97 sq.; Dpvs. V, 10, 14 (theravādo aggavādo ti vuccati), 51 (17 heretical sects, one orthodox, altogether 18 schools); dhuta° (adj.) expounding punctiliousness Vism. 81 (=aññe dhutaṅgena ovadati anusāsati). See under dhuta; bhinna° heretical sect (lit. discrepant talk or view) Dpvs. V, 39, 51 (opp. abhinnaka vāda); sassata° an eternalist Ps. I, 155.

—ânuvāda the trsln of this phrase (used as adj.) at S. III, 6 (see K. S. III, 7) is “one who is of his way of thinking. ” all kinds of sectarian doctrines or doctrinal theses D. I, 161; III, 115; S. III, 6; IV, 51, 340, 381; V, 7; A. III, 4; Nett 52.—kāma desirous of disputation Sn. 825.—khitta upset in disputation, thrown out of his belief Vin. IV, 1=DhA. III, 390.—patha “way of speech, ” i.e. signs of recognition, attribute, definition Sn. 1076 (expld dogmatically at Nd2 563); A. II, 9.—sattha the science of disputation, true doctrine SnA 540.—sīla having the habit of, or used, to disputes Sn. 381. (Page 608)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vaḍa (वड).—m (vaṭa S) Indian Fig-tree, Ficus Indica. Pr. vaḍāsa ālīṃ vaḍaphaḷēṃ kāvaḷyāsa ālēṃ rūṃ (or rōga) Said of prosperity or good coming when the power of enjoyment is gone. vaḍācī sāla pimpaḷāvara lāvaṇēṃ, or vaḍācī sāla pimpaḷālā pimpaḷācī sāla vaḍālā lāvaṇēṃ To make the false true and the true false; to lie extravagant- ly: also to walk tortuously; to shift and veer about fraudulently. vaḍa pikaṇēṃ (The ripening of the vaḍa tree.) Expresses the opening up of employment and subsistence to multitudes.

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vaḍā (वडा).—m (S or vaṭaka S) A cake made of pulse ground, soaked, spiced, and fried. vaḍyācēṃ tēla vāṅgyāvara (kāḍhaṇēṃ &c.) Anger excited by one object poured forth upon another: also blame upon one for another's fault.

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vāḍa (वाड).—n R & W (Commonly vāḍhēṃ) The crop of a sugarcane.

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vāḍa (वाड).—f Room, vacancy, free or unfilled space: also leisure, free or unengaged time.

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vāḍa (वाड).—& vāḍaṇēṃ R and in poetry for vāḍha & vāḍhaṇēṃ.

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vāḍa (वाड).—a (Poetry.) Large, great, huge, immense, monstrous. Ex. haḷūhaḷū hyācēṃ puṇya jhālēṃ vāḍa || vāralēṃ hēṃ jhāḍa trimirācēṃ ||; also gaganāhuni vāḍa nāma āhē ||. 2 Vast, exceeding, extended, infinite &c.; as applied to brahma or īśvara. (Wrongly explained in jñānēśvarakōśa by the word ṭhēṅgaṇā.) Ex. jē ākā- śāhuni vāḍa avyaktāhi pailīkaḍē ||; also (in rāmavi- jaya) tyā rāmācēṃ nāma gōḍa || jyācī kathā tyāhuni vāḍa || jēṃ līlā aikatā purē kōḍa ||. 3 Mighty, marvelous, wonderful, transcendent, preternatural in power or in excellence generally. Applied with all the licentiousness of poetry. Ex. vipraśāpa parama vāḍa || mṛgarāja kēlā saraḍa ||.

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vāḍā (वाडा).—m (vāṭa or vāṭī S) A stately or large edifice, a mansion, a palace. Also in comp. as rāja- vāḍā A royal edifice; sarakāravāḍā Any large and public building. 2 A division of a town, a quarter, a ward. Also in comp. as dēūḷavāḍā, brāhmaṇa- vāḍā, gauḷīvāḍā, cāmbhāravāḍā, kumbhāravāḍā. 3 A division (separate portion) of a maujā or village. The vāḍā, as well as the kōṇḍa, paid revenue formerly, not to the sarakāra but to the maujēkhōta. 4 An enclosed space; a yard, a compound. 5 A pen or fold; as gurāñcā vāḍā, gauḷavāḍā or gavaḷīvāḍā, dhana- garavāḍā. The pen is whether an uncovered enclosure in a field or a hovel sheltering both beasts

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vāda (वाद).—m (S) Disputation, discussion, debate, argumentation. 2 Discourse, conversation, confabulation, oral conference. 3 Report, rumor, popular talk. Ex. tyā laḍhāīnta tyānēṃ taravāra māralī asā lōkānta vāda āhē. 4 A suit at law, a plaint.

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vāda (वाद).—f C (Usually vādī) A strap or leash (of a sandal &c.); a thong of leather.

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vāda (वाद).—m (vāta S) Numbness (of a limb or part). v .

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vādā (वादा).—m C A sort of murrain in cattle; the distemper or rot.

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vādā (वादा).—m The lash of a whip. 2 unc A large strap or thong of leather.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vāḍā (वाडा).—or-vāḍā m The ward inhabited by the Bhandari caste.

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vaḍa (वड).—m Indian fig-tree, Ficus Indica. vaḍācī sāla pimpaḷālā va pimpaḷācī sāla vaḍālā lāvaṇēṃ, which means to make the false true and the true false.

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vaḍā (वडा).—m A cake made of pulse ground, soaked, spieed, and fried. vaḍyācēṃ tēla vāṅgyāvara Anger excited by one object poured forth upon another; blame upon one for another's fault.

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vāḍa (वाड).—a Large; vast; mighty. f Room.

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vāḍā (वाडा).—m A place. A pen or fold. A compound. A ward.

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vāda (वाद).—m Debate; discourse. Report. A plaint. f A thong of leather.

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vādā (वादा).—m-dēṃ n A sort of murrain in cattle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaḍā (वडा).—

1) A kind of cake.

2) A small lump globule.

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Vada (वद).—a. Speaking, talking, speaking well.

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Vāḍa (वाड).—An enclosure; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: vāḍaḥ (वाडः).

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Vāda (वाद).—[vad-ghañ]

1) Talking, speaking.

2) Speech, words, talk; वेदवादररताः पार्थ नान्यदस्तीति वादिनः (vedavādararatāḥ pārtha nānyadastīti vādinaḥ) Bg.2.42; सामवादाः सकोपस्य तस्य प्रत्युत दीपकाः (sāmavādāḥ sakopasya tasya pratyuta dīpakāḥ) Śi.2.55; so कैतववादः (kaitavavādaḥ) Gīt.8; सान्त्ववादः (sāntvavādaḥ) &c.

3) A statement, an assertion, allegation; अवाच्यवादांश्च बहून् वदिष्यन्ति तवाहिताः (avācyavādāṃśca bahūn vadiṣyanti tavāhitāḥ) Bg.2.36.

4) Narration, account; शाकुन्तलादीनितिहासवादान् (śākuntalādīnitihāsavādān) Māl.3.3.

5) Discussion, dispute, controversy; वादयुद्धप्रधानाश्च मध्यमा राजसी गतिः (vādayuddhapradhānāśca madhyamā rājasī gatiḥ) Ms.12.46; वादे वादे जायते तत्त्वबोधः (vāde vāde jāyate tattvabodhaḥ) Sūbhāṣ; सीमा° (sīmā°).

6) A reply.

7) An exposition, explanation; अध्यात्मविद्या विद्यानां वादः प्रवदतामहम् (adhyātmavidyā vidyānāṃ vādaḥ pravadatāmaham) Bg.1.32.

3) A demonstrated conclusion, theory, doctrine; इदानीं परमाणुकारण- वादं निराकरोति (idānīṃ paramāṇukāraṇa- vādaṃ nirākaroti) S. B. (and in diverse other places of the work); परिणामवाद (pariṇāmavāda) 'the theory of evolution'; so नास्तिक° (nāstika°).

9) Sounding, sound.

1) Report, rumour.

11) A plaint (in law).

12) Advice, counsel.

13) Agreement.

Derivable forms: vādaḥ (वादः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaḍā (वडा).—f.

(-ḍā) Pulse ground and fried with oil or butter. E. val to cover, ac and ṭāp affs., and la changed to its congener ḍa .

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Vada (वद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Speaking, able to speak, speaking well or sensibly. E. vad to speak, ac aff.

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Vāda (वाद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Demonstrated conclusion, reply, result. 2. Discourse, discussion, defined as the speech of one desirous to know the truth. 3. A plaint, an accusation. 4. Sound, sounding. 5. Rumour, report. E. vad to speak, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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