Vad, Vāḍ: 5 definitions

Introduction

Vad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vad (वद्).—1 P. (vadati, but Ātm. in certain senses and with certain prepositions; see below; uvāda, avādīt, vadiṣyati, va ditum, udita; pass. udyate desid. vivadiṣati)

1) To say, speak utter, address, speak to; वद प्रदोषे स्फुटचन्द्रतारका विभावरी यद्यरुणाय कल्पते (vada pradoṣe sphuṭacandratārakā vibhāvarī yadyaruṇāya kalpate) Ku.5.44; वदतां वरः (vadatāṃ varaḥ) R.1.59 'the foremost of the eloquent'.

2) To announce, tell, communicate, inform; यो गोत्रादि वदति स्वयम् (yo gotrādi vadati svayam).

3) To speak of, describe; आश्चर्यवद्वदति तथैव चान्यः (āścaryavadvadati tathaiva cānyaḥ) Bg.2.29.

4) To lay down, state; श्रुतिस्मृत्युदितं धर्ममनुतिष्ठन् हि मानवः (śrutismṛtyuditaṃ dharmamanutiṣṭhan hi mānavaḥ) Ms.2.9;4.14.

5) To name, call; वदन्ति वर्ण्यावर्ण्यानां धर्मैक्यं दीपकं बुधाः (vadanti varṇyāvarṇyānāṃ dharmaikyaṃ dīpakaṃ budhāḥ) Chandr.5. 45; तदप्यपाकीर्णमतः प्रियवदां वदन्त्यपर्णेति च तां पुराविदः (tadapyapākīrṇamataḥ priyavadāṃ vadantyaparṇeti ca tāṃ purāvidaḥ) Ku.5. 28.

6) To indicate, bespeak; कृतज्ञतामस्य वदन्ति संपदः (kṛtajñatāmasya vadanti saṃpadaḥ) Ki. 1.14.

7) To raise the voice, utter a cry, sing; कोकिलः पञ्चमेन वदति (kokilaḥ pañcamena vadati); वदन्ति मधुरा वाचः (vadanti madhurā vācaḥ); &c.

8) To show brilliance or proficiency in, be an authority of (Ātm.); शास्त्रे वदते (śāstre vadate) Sk., पाणिनिर्वदते (pāṇinirvadate) Vop.

9) To shine, look splendid or bright (Ātm.); लङ्का समाविशद् रात्रौ वदमानोऽरिदुर्गमाम् (laṅkā samāviśad rātrau vadamāno'ridurgamām) Bk. 8.27.

1) To maintain, affirm.

11) To toil, exert, labour (Ātm.); क्षेत्रे वदते (kṣetre vadate) Sk. -Caus. (vādayati, te)

1) To cause to speak or say.

2) To cause to sound, play on a musical instrument; वीणामिव वादयन्ती (vīṇāmiva vādayantī) Vikr.1.1; वादयते मृदु वेणुम् (vādayate mṛdu veṇum) Gīt.5.

3) To speak, recite.

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Vāḍ (वाड्).—1 Ā. (vāḍate) To bathe, dive; cf. बाड् (bāḍ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaḍ (वड्).—[(i)vaḍi] r. 1st cl. (vaṇḍate) 1. To partition, to share or divide. 2. To surround or encompass. 3. To cover: in the first sense it is sometimes read as a root of the 10th cl. (vaṇḍayati-te).

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Vad (वद्).—r. 1st and 10th cl. (vadati-te vadayati-te) 1. To inform, to speak to or tell, to declare. 2. To speak articulately. 3. To abide. 4. To shine. 5. To be an authority on. 6. To toil. With anu, (anuvadate) 1. To speak similarly or subsequently. 2. To resound. 3. To confirm, to ratify. 4. To imitate in loud and distinct voice. With apa prefixed, (apavadati-te) To reprove, to censure. With, abhi, To salute respectfully or by name. With upa, (upavadate) 1. To explain. 2. To flatter, to cajole. 3. To conciliate, to persuade. With nir, To speak out or plainly. With pari, (parivadati) To speak against. With pra, 1. To rumour, to slander. 2. To call. 3. To consider. With prati, (prativadati) To reply to or answer. With vi, (vivadate) 1. To dispute. 2. To litigate. With vi and pra, (vipravadati or -te) To wrangle or dispute together. With vi, and sa, To break a promise. With sama and pra, (saṃpravadate) To speak articulately in concert; (saṃpravadati) To utter or articulate sounds together. With sama, 1. To converse. 2. To speak to. 3. To call, to name. 4. To coincide, to resemble, (with an inst.) Caus. (vādayati-te) 1. To cause to utter. 2. To play on an instrument. With abhi, To salute. With vi, and sam, To make inconsistant. With sam, To consult, (with an inst.) (i) vadi (vandate) 1. To salute with reverence or respect. 2. To praise, to eulogize.

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Vāḍ (वाड्).—[(ṛ)vāḍṛ] r. 1st cl. (vāḍate) To bathe, to dive and emerge: the best authorities read this bāḍṛ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vad (वद्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] 1. To speak, to address (with the acc. of the object and the addressed person), Mahābhārata 3, 1853. 2. To speak of (with gen.), [Pañcatantra] 67, 22. 3. To sound, to yell, Mahābhārata 3, 15669. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. udita, 1. Pronounced, [Cāṇakya] 1 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 407. 2. Addressed, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 61. Comp. ptcple. of the fut. pass. brahmodya, i. e. brahman-udya, n. Reciting or explaining the Veda; mṛṣodya, see s. v. sukhodya, i. e. sukha-udya, adj. To be uttered agreeably, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 33. [Causal.] vādaya, To cause to sound, [Pañcatantra] 229, 13; to play, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 64. Comp. ptcple of the pf. pass. jala-vādita, n. Water music, music performed by water, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8426. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. vādya, n. 1. Sound, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 16, 64. 2. Any musical instrument, [Pañcatantra] 129, 15; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 7 (instrumental music). Comp. Jala-, n. a musical instrument sounded by means of water, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8427. Parṇa-, n. a musical instrument made of leaves, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3477. † i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] 1. To speak. 2. To command.

— With the prep. anu anu, To speak similarly, to imitate another’s voice or sound, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 74 (Calc.).

— With apa apa, To reprove, to insult, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 236. [Causal.] To dissuade from, to reprove, Mahābhārata 3, 1036.

— With abhi abhi, 1. To address, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 356. 2. To salute respectfully, Mahābhārata 3, 15668. [Causal.] 1. To greet respectfully, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 117; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 81, 2; with pādayos, To greet one by touching his feet, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 212. 2. To play, Mahābhārata 3, 14386.

— With pratyabhi prati -abhi, [Causal.] To return a salute, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 34, 7.

— With ā ā, To salute by roaring, Chr. 290, 9 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 9.

— With samā sam-ā, To speak, Mahābhārata 3, 16148.

— With upa upa, [Ātmanepada.] 1. To conciliate, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 8, 28. 2. To beg, [Pañcatantra] in Weber, Ind. St. 272, 22 (see my transl. n. 922). 3. To allure.

— With pari pari, To calumniate, Mahābhārata 1, 3079.

— With pra pra, 1. To converse, [Pañcatantra] 143, 21. 2. To explain, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 55. 3. To declare, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 160. 4. To call, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 41. 5. To tell, Mahābhārata 3, 2910. [Causal.] To play, Mahābhārata 1, 5356.

— With vipra vi-pra, To disagree.

— With saṃpra sam-pra, [Parasmaipada.] To accord. [Ātmanepada.] To converse, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 8, 28.

— With prati prati, To answer, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 13.

— With vi vi, [Ātmanepada.] (also [Parasmaipada.], [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 32; [Pañcatantra] 183, 6). 1. To dispute, to wrangle, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 159. 2. To contest, with acc., Mahābhārata 2, 2390.

— With sam sam, To converse, Chr. 19, 8; [Hitopadeśa] 88, 13; iii. [distich] 36. [Causal.] 1. To play, Mahābhārata 1, 7056. 2. To declare, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 31.

— With visam vi-sam, To break a promise, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 219.

— Cf. perhaps probably [Latin] vas, vadis; perhaps [Old High German.] far-wāzan; O. Saxon, for-wātan, recusare.

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Vāḍ (वाड्).—see bāḍ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vad (वद्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiii, 40]) vadati, te ([Epic] mc. also vādati; [Potential] udeyam, [Atharva-veda]; [perfect tense] uvāda [plural] ūdima, [Ṛg-veda]; ūde etc., [Brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad]; veditha, dailuḥ, duḥ, [Vopadeva]; [Aorist] avādīt, diṣuḥ, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; [subjunctive] vādiṣaḥ, [Atharva-veda]; avādiran, [ib.]; vadiṣma, ṣihāḥ, [Brāhmaṇa]; Prec. udyāt, [ib.]; [future] vadiṣyati, te, [Atharva-veda] etc.; [infinitive mood] vaditos, [Brāhmaṇa]; vaditum, [ib.] etc.; [indeclinable participle] uditvā, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]; -udya, [Brāhmaṇa]),

—to speak, say, utter, tell, report, speak to, talk with, address ([Parasmaipada] or [Ātmanepada]; with [accusative] of the thing said, and [accusative] [with or without abhi] or [genitive case], or [locative case] of the person addressed ; also followed by yad, ‘that’, or by yadi, ‘whether’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

— ([Parasmaipada]) to praise, recommend, [Mahābhārata];

—to adjudge, adjudicate, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to indicate, designate, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā];

—to proclaim, announce, foretell, bespeak, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to allege, affirm, [ib.];

—to declare (any one or anything) to be, call (two [accusative] or [accusative] and [nominative case] with iti), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.;

— (with or [scilicet] vācam) to raise the voice, sing, utter a cry (said of birds and etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

— ([Ātmanepada]) to say, tell, speak to ([accusative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

—to mention, state, communicate, name, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa];

—to confer or dispute about, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā];

—to contend, quarrel, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to lay claim to ([locative case]), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa];

—to be an authority, be eminent in ([locative case]), [Pāṇini 1-3, 47];

—to triumph, exult, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :—[Passive voice] udyate ([Aorist] avādi), to be said or spoken etc., [Atharva-veda]; etc. :—[Causal] vādayati [metri causa] also te (cf. [Pāṇini 1-3, 89]; [Aorist] avīvadat; [Passive voice] vādyate, [Epic] also ti),

—to cause to speak or say, [Mahābhārata];

—to cause to sound, strike, play (with [instrumental case], rarely [locative case] of the instrument), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to play music, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa];

— (with bahu) to make much ado about one’s self, [Subhāṣitāvali];

—to cause a musical instrument ([accusative]) to be played by ([instrumental case]), [Pāṇini 1-1, 58 [vArttika] 2; Patañjali];

—to speak, recite, rehearse, [Harivaṃśa] :—[Desiderative] vivadiṣati, te, to desire to speak, [Brāhmaṇa; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa] :—[Intensive] vāvadīti ([Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]), vāvadyate, ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]), vāvatti ([grammar]), to speak or sound aloud.

2) cf. Lit. vadínti.

3) Vāḍ (वाड्):—See √bāḍ.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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