Vacya, aka: Vācya; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vacya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vachya.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vācya (वाच्य).—(l) directly expressed (sense) as contrasted with व्यङ्ग्य (vyaṅgya) or ध्वनित (dhvanita); cf. शब्देनार्थान् वाच्यान् दृष्ट्वा बुद्धौ कुर्यात्पौर्वापर्यम् । (śabdenārthān vācyān dṛṣṭvā buddhau kuryātpaurvāparyam |) M.Bh. on P. I.4.109 Vart. 10; (2) which should be stated or which deserves to be stated. The word वाच्य (vācya) is generally put in connection with the additions or corrections to the sutras by the Varttikakara and the Mahbhasyakara in their explanations; cf. तत्रैतावद्वाच्यम् (tatraitāvadvācyam), M.Bh. on P. I.4.1 ; cf. also वाच्य ऊर्णोर्णुवद्भावः (vācya ūrṇorṇuvadbhāvaḥ) M.Bh. on P. III.1. 22 Vart. 3; III. I. 36 Vart. 6.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vācya (वाच्य).—a S (Possible, designed, necessary, proper, taken up &c.) to be spoken or said. 2 Attributive, adjective, possible &c. to be predicated of any subject. 3 Declinable as an adjective. vācyārtha Uttered or expressed sense. vācyāṃśa Matter spoken or said; speech, say, declaration: also matter to be spoken or said. Ex. śabala tō vā0 bōlijē || śuddha tō lakṣyāṃsa mhaṇijē ||. See lakṣyāṃśa. 2 Used as vācāṃśa.

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vācya (वाच्य).—n S A predicate, matter to be said. 2 In grammar. A voice (of a verb); as karttṛvācya Active voice; karmaṇivācya Passive voice.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vācya (वाच्य).—a (Proper) to be spoken. n A predicate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vācya (वाच्य).—a. [vac-karmaṇi ṇyat]

1) To be spoken, told or said, to be spoken to or addressed; वाच्यस्त्वया मद्वचनात् स राजा (vācyastvayā madvacanāt sa rājā) R.14.61 'say to the king in my name'; न वाच्य- मित्थं पुरुषोत्तम त्वया (na vācya- mitthaṃ puruṣottama tvayā) Śi.1.31.

2) To be predicated, attributive.

3) Expressed (as the meaning of a word); cf. लक्ष्य (lakṣya) and व्यङ्ग्य (vyaṅgya).

4) Blamable, censurable, reprehensible; अप्रदाता पिता वाच्यो वाच्यश्चानुपयन् पतिः । मृते भर्तरि पुत्रश्च वाच्यो मातुररक्षिता (apradātā pitā vācyo vācyaścānupayan patiḥ | mṛte bhartari putraśca vācyo māturarakṣitā) || Mb.3.293.35; Śi.2.34; एभिर्मुक्तो महीपालः प्राप्नोति खलु वाच्यताम् (ebhirmukto mahīpālaḥ prāpnoti khalu vācyatām) H.3.129;4.17.

-cyam 1 Blame, censure, reproach; प्रमदामनु संस्थितः शुचा नृपतिः सन्निति वाच्यदर्शनात् (pramadāmanu saṃsthitaḥ śucā nṛpatiḥ sanniti vācyadarśanāt) R.8.72,84; चिरस्य वाच्यं न गतः प्रजापतिः (cirasya vācyaṃ na gataḥ prajāpatiḥ) Ś.5.15; Śi.3.58.

2) The expressed meaning, that derived by means of अभिधा (abhidhā) q. v.; cf. लक्ष्य (lakṣya) and व्यङ्ग्य (vyaṅgya); अपि तु वाच्यवैचित्र्यप्रतिभासादेव चारुताप्रतीतिः (api tu vācyavaicitryapratibhāsādeva cārutāpratītiḥ) K. P.1.

3) A predicate.

4) The voice of a verb.

5) A subject for expounding (pratipādya-viṣaya); पुराणसंख्यासंभूतिमस्य वाच्यप्रयोजने (purāṇasaṃkhyāsaṃbhūtimasya vācyaprayojane) Bhag.12.13.3.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vācya (वाच्य).—mfn.

(-cyaḥ-cyā-cyaṃ) 1. Vile, bad. 2. Vile, contemptible, low, outcast. 3. Fit or proper to be spoken or said. 4. Attributive adjective, to be predicated of any thing. 5. Declinable as an adjective, taking the three genders. 6. Expressed, (as the meaning of a word.) n.

(-cyaṃ) Blame, reviling. 2. A predicate, that which may be said of anything. 3. (In grammar.) The voice or mode of a verb; as, karttṛvācyaṃ the active voice, karmmaṇivācyaṃ the passive voice. 4. The expressed or conventional meaning of word, (opposed to lakṣya and vyaṅgya .) E. vac to speak, aff. ṇyat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 24 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vacyartha
Vācyārtha (वाच्यार्थ).—expressed meaning. Derivable forms: vācyārthaḥ (वाच्यार्थः).Vācyārtha is...
Kartrivacya
Kartṛvācya (कर्तृवाच्य).—the active voice.Derivable forms: kartṛvācyaḥ (कर्तृवाच्यः).Kartṛvācya...
Vacyacitra
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Nirvacya
Nirvācya (निर्वाच्य).—a. 1) not fit to be said. 2) blameless, unobjectionable; सखीषु निर्वाच्य-...
Svastivacya
Svastivācya (स्वस्तिवाच्य).—n. (-cyaṃ) Congratulation.
Vacyavarjita
Vācyavarjita (वाच्यवर्जित).—an elliptical expression. Derivable forms: vācyavarjitam (वाच्यवर्ज...
Paravacya
Paravācya (परवाच्य).—a fault or a defect of another; प्रकटान्यपि नैपुणं महत् परवाच्यानि चिराय ग...
Vacyavajra
Vācyavajra (वाच्यवज्र).—severe or harsh language. Derivable forms: vācyavajram (वाच्यवज्रम्).Vā...
Vacyavacakabhava
Vācyavācakabhāva (वाच्यवाचकभाव).—the state of the signified and the signifier.Vācyavācakabhāva ...
Durvacya
Durvācya (दुर्वाच्य).—a. 1) difficult to be spoken or uttered. 2) abusive, scurrilous. 3) harsh...
Vacyalinga
Vācyaliṅga (वाच्यलिङ्ग).—a. adjectival. Vācyaliṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Yushmadvacya
Yuṣmadvācya (युष्मद्वाच्य).—(in gram.) the second person. Derivable forms: yuṣmadvācyam (युष्मद...
Citra
Citra (चित्र) refers to a “depiction of a painting-two dimensional” and represents a classifica...
Artha
Artha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’, (CII 1), a cause or matter. (CII 1), business. Note: artha is define...
Utpreksha
Utprekṣā (उत्प्रेक्षा) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cir...

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