Vacikabhinaya, aka: Vacika-abhinaya, Vācikābhinaya; 3 Definition(s)


Vacikabhinaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vachikabhinaya.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vacikabhinaya in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vācikābhinaya (वाचिकाभिनय) or simply vācika refers to the first of four categories of abhinaya (histrionic representation). Vācika-abhinaya is the use of a word, poem, song and music. Abhinaya is the imitation of the thing seen by self or is an expression of sentiment experienced by oneself.

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)

Vachika (vocal/verbal): One of the four Abhinaya (expressional aspect of dance). It is used formally today by members of the orchestra or supporting, non-dancing cast.

Source: Indian Classical Dances: Techniques of classical dances

Vācikābhinaya (वाचिकाभिनय) refers to the “verbal expression” and represents one of the four kinds of abhinaya (“histrionic representation”) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Vācikābhinaya is the art of verbal or vocal expression in dramatic presentation. The combination of the dancer and the vocalist, the vocalist and the instrumentalists, the instrumentalists and the dancer are very important so that there is a perfect sychronisation among them. Thus one finds that abhinaya in dance includes gīta or vocal music, vādya or instrumental music and tāla or rhythm. Clarity is essential in abhinaya and vācikābhinaya acts as a bridge between the spectator and the performer. Without vācikābhinaya, the dance performance would remain incomplete.

Bharata speaks of vācikābhinaya and the rules needed for it in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapters 15-20.The main subjects discussed cover speech, vowels, consonants, recitation, prose, verse, metre, pause, pitch and many more aspects that are needed for nāṭya. The thirty-six characteristics or lakṣaṇas for a dramatic composition, the ten merits or guṇas, the ten demerits or doṣas in a poetic composition, rules regarding the use of languages or bhāṣā-vidhāna and the six embellishments or ornamentations or alankārās are discussed in detail.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of vacikabhinaya in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 366 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Abhinaya (अभिनय).—m. (-yaḥ) 1. Indication of a passion or purpose by look, gesture, &c. 2. ...
Vācika (वाचिक).—a. (-kā, kī f.) [वाचा कृतं वाच्-ठक् चस्य न कः (vācā kṛtaṃ vāc-ṭhak casya na kaḥ...
Āṅgikābhinaya (आङ्गिकाभिनय) refers to the “gesture language of the limbs” and represents one of...
Āhāryābhinaya (आहार्याभिनय) refers to the “extraneous representation” and represents one of the...
Sātvikābhinaya (सात्विकाभिनय) or simply sātvika refers to the first of four categories of abhin...
Sāmānyābhinaya (सामान्याभिनय).—The ‘harmonious representation’ (sāmānyābhinaya) is that in whic...
Sāttvikābhinaya (सात्त्विकाभिनय) refers to the “art of expression” (through acting out the diff...
Abhinayadarpaṇa (circa A.D. 1000) is the name of an important treatise dealing with Dance and P...
Abhinaya Navanita (A.D. 1886) is the name of an important treatise dealing with Dance and Peror...
Sūcābhinaya (सूचाभिनय) is another name for simply sūcā, one of the representations through whic...
Kayika Vacika Manasika
kāyika vācika mānasika (कायिक वाचिक मानसिक).—a (S) Corporeal, oral, and mental. Used with such ...
Vācikahāraka (वाचिकहारक).—1) a letter. 2) a messenger, news-bearer.Derivable forms: vācikahārak...
Aṅkurābhinaya (अङ्कुराभिनय) is another name for simply aṅkura, one of the representations throu...
Śākhābhinaya (शाखाभिनय) is another name for simply śākhā, one of the representations through wh...
Vācikapatra (वाचिकपत्र).—1) A letter. 2) A newspaper. 3) A written agreement, contract. Derivab...

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