Vacika, aka: Vācika, Vācikā; 9 Definition(s)


Vacika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vachika.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vācika (वाचिक) refers to “verbal representation” and forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Abhinaya is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

There are 12 kinds of verbal representations (vācika) defined according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24:

  1. ālāpa (accosting),
  2. pralāpa (prattling),
  3. vilāpa (lament),
  4. anulāpa (repeated speaking),
  5. saṃlāpa (dialogue),
  6. apalāpa (change of words),
  7. sandeśa (message),
  8. atideśa (agreement),
  9. nirdeśa (specific mention),
  10. vyapadeśa (pretext),
  11. upadeśa (instruction),
  12. apadeśa (indirect communication).

Vācika can also be classified according to the 7 subjects of a statement within asentence:

  1. visible act (pratyakṣa),
  2. invisible act (parokṣa);
  3. related to the present, past or future time (kālatraya);
  4. affecting one’s ownself (ātmastha),
  5. affecting another (parastha).
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vācika (वाचिक, “vocal representation”) relates to the proper musical notes (svara) voice registers (sthāna), pitch of vowels (varṇa), intonation (kāku), speech-tempo (laya) to be used in reciting or declaiming a passage for the purpose of evoking different Sentiments (rasa) in the spectators.

For example to call forth the Comic and The Erotic Sentiments a passage should be recited with the Madhyama and the Pañcama notes, and for the Heroic and the Marvellous Sentiments the Ṣaḍja and the Ṛṣabha would be the suitable notes.

Source: Natya Shastra

Vācika (वाचिक) or vācikābhinaya refers to the first of four categories of abhinaya (histrionic representation). Vācika is the use of a word, poem, song and music. Abhinaya is the imitation of the thing seen by self or is an expression of sentiment experienced by oneself.

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of vacika in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vācika (वाचिक) refers to a classification of sins, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vacika in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vācikā (वाचिका).—Expressing directly, denoting; (fem. of वाचक (vācaka)); cf. तयेरभिसंबन्धस्य षष्ठी वाचिका भवति (tayerabhisaṃbandhasya ṣaṣṭhī vācikā bhavati) M. Bh. on P.II. 1.1 Vart. 4.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of vacika in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vācika (वाचिक).—a (S) Relating to speech, verbal, vocal, oral.

--- OR ---

vācika (वाचिक).—n (S) Account or word about, report, news, tidings.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vācika (वाचिक).—a Relating to speech.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vacika in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vācika (वाचिक).—a. (-kā, kī f.) [वाचा कृतं वाच्-ठक् चस्य न कः (vācā kṛtaṃ vāc-ṭhak casya na kaḥ)]

1) Consisting of or expressed by words; वाचिकं पारुष्यम् (vācikaṃ pāruṣyam).

2) Oral, verbal, expressed by word of mouth.

-kaḥ A declamatory speech.

-kam 1 A message, an oral or verbal communication; वाचिकमप्यार्येण सिद्धार्थकाच्छ्रोतव्यमिति लिखितम् (vācikamapyāryeṇa siddhārthakācchrotavyamiti likhitam) Mu.5; निर्धारितेऽर्थे लेखेन खलूक्त्वा खलु वाचिकम् (nirdhārite'rthe lekhena khalūktvā khalu vācikam) Śi. 2.7; तव क्रीतसुतोऽस्मीति वाचिकेन व्यजिज्ञपत् (tava krītasuto'smīti vācikena vyajijñapat) Śiva B.31.32.

2) News, tidings, intelligence in general.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vacika in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 82 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vācikābhinaya (वाचिकाभिनय) refers to the “verbal expression” and represents one of the four kin...
Vācikahāraka (वाचिकहारक).—1) a letter. 2) a messenger, news-bearer.Derivable forms: vācikahārak...
Daṇḍavācika (दण्डवाचिक).—a. actual or verbal (assault); Ms.8.6; cf. वाक्-पारुष्यम् (vāk-pāruṣya...
Kayika Vacika Manasika
kāyika vācika mānasika (कायिक वाचिक मानसिक).—a (S) Corporeal, oral, and mental. Used with such ...
Vācikapatra (वाचिकपत्र).—1) A letter. 2) A newspaper. 3) A written agreement, contract. Derivab...
Abhinaya (अभिनय).—m. (-yaḥ) 1. Indication of a passion or purpose by look, gesture, &c. 2. ...
Sandhi (सन्धि) refers to the intersection of two yāma periods, where a single yāma equals ...
Nāma (नाम).—ind. A particle implying. 1. Certainty. 2. Possibility. 3. Anger. 4. Reproach. 5. C...
Upadeśa (उपदेश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. Advice, information, instruction. 2. Plea, pretext. 3. Specificat...
Varṇa (वर्ण) refers to “colour” or “caste”.—The four castes, with the Śūdra as the fourth, are ...
Nipāta (निपात).—m. (-taḥ) 1. Death, dying. 2. Falling, coming down, alighting. 3. Irregularity,...
Upasarga (उपसर्ग).—m. (-rgaḥ) 1. A portent, a natural phænomenon supposed to announce future ev...
Svara (स्वर).—m. (-raḥ) 1. A Vedic accent, (of which there are three, viz: —udāta, anudāt...
Akhyāta (अख्यात).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Unknown, obscure, not famous or notorious. E. a neg. khyāt...
Gandhāra (गन्धार) is the name of a country (possibly identified with Afghanistan), classified a...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: