Vacika, Vācika, Vācikā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Vacika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vachika.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vācika (वाचिक) refers to “verbal representation” and forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Abhinaya is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

There are 12 kinds of verbal representations (vācika) defined according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24:

  1. ālāpa (accosting),
  2. pralāpa (prattling),
  3. vilāpa (lament),
  4. anulāpa (repeated speaking),
  5. saṃlāpa (dialogue),
  6. apalāpa (change of words),
  7. sandeśa (message),
  8. atideśa (agreement),
  9. nirdeśa (specific mention),
  10. vyapadeśa (pretext),
  11. upadeśa (instruction),
  12. apadeśa (indirect communication).

Vācika can also be classified according to the 7 subjects of a statement within asentence:

  1. visible act (pratyakṣa),
  2. invisible act (parokṣa);
  3. related to the present, past or future time (kālatraya);
  4. affecting one’s ownself (ātmastha),
  5. affecting another (parastha).
Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vācika (वाचिक, “vocal representation”) relates to the proper musical notes (svara) voice registers (sthāna), pitch of vowels (varṇa), intonation (kāku), speech-tempo (laya) to be used in reciting or declaiming a passage for the purpose of evoking different Sentiments (rasa) in the spectators.

For example to call forth the Comic and The Erotic Sentiments a passage should be recited with the Madhyama and the Pañcama notes, and for the Heroic and the Marvellous Sentiments the Ṣaḍja and the Ṛṣabha would be the suitable notes.

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)

Vācika (वाचिक) or vācikābhinaya refers to the first of four categories of abhinaya (histrionic representation). Vācika is the use of a word, poem, song and music. Abhinaya is the imitation of the thing seen by self or is an expression of sentiment experienced by oneself.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Vācika (वाचिक) refers to a classification of sins, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vācikā (वाचिका).—Expressing directly, denoting; (fem. of वाचक (vācaka)); cf. तयेरभिसंबन्धस्य षष्ठी वाचिका भवति (tayerabhisaṃbandhasya ṣaṣṭhī vācikā bhavati) M. Bh. on P.II. 1.1 Vart. 4.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vācika (वाचिक).—a (S) Relating to speech, verbal, vocal, oral.

--- OR ---

vācika (वाचिक).—n (S) Account or word about, report, news, tidings.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vācika (वाचिक).—a Relating to speech.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vācika (वाचिक).—a. (-kā, kī f.) [वाचा कृतं वाच्-ठक् चस्य न कः (vācā kṛtaṃ vāc-ṭhak casya na kaḥ)]

1) Consisting of or expressed by words; वाचिकं पारुष्यम् (vācikaṃ pāruṣyam).

2) Oral, verbal, expressed by word of mouth.

-kaḥ A declamatory speech.

-kam 1 A message, an oral or verbal communication; वाचिकमप्यार्येण सिद्धार्थकाच्छ्रोतव्यमिति लिखितम् (vācikamapyāryeṇa siddhārthakācchrotavyamiti likhitam) Mu.5; निर्धारितेऽर्थे लेखेन खलूक्त्वा खलु वाचिकम् (nirdhārite'rthe lekhena khalūktvā khalu vācikam) Śi. 2.7; तव क्रीतसुतोऽस्मीति वाचिकेन व्यजिज्ञपत् (tava krītasuto'smīti vācikena vyajijñapat) Śiva B.31.32.

2) News, tidings, intelligence in general.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vācikā (वाचिका).—(= Pali id.), speech; see pṛṣṭa-v°; also tri-, eka-vācikayā, with triple (single) pronouncement, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.119.3, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vācika (वाचिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā or kī-kaṃ) Verbal. n.

(-kaṃ) News, tidings, intelligence. E. vāc speech, aff. ṭhak .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vācika (वाचिक).—vāc and vācā, + ika, I. adj. 1. Verbal. 2. Done by speech, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 9. Ii. n. News, intelligence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vācika (वाचिक).—[adjective] consisting of words, verbal, oral.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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