Vacika, aka: Vācika, Vācikā; 8 Definition(s)
Vacika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vachika.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Vācika (वाचिक) refers to “verbal representation” and forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Abhinaya is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).
There are 12 kinds of verbal representations (vācika) defined according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24:
- ālāpa (accosting),
- pralāpa (prattling),
- vilāpa (lament),
- anulāpa (repeated speaking),
- saṃlāpa (dialogue),
- apalāpa (change of words),
- sandeśa (message),
- atideśa (agreement),
- nirdeśa (specific mention),
- vyapadeśa (pretext),
- upadeśa (instruction),
- apadeśa (indirect communication).
Vācika can also be classified according to the 7 subjects of a statement within asentence:
- visible act (pratyakṣa),
- invisible act (parokṣa);
- related to the present, past or future time (kālatraya);
- affecting one’s ownself (ātmastha),
- affecting another (parastha).
Vācika (वाचिक, “vocal representation”) relates to the proper musical notes (svara) voice registers (sthāna), pitch of vowels (varṇa), intonation (kāku), speech-tempo (laya) to be used in reciting or declaiming a passage for the purpose of evoking different Sentiments (rasa) in the spectators.
For example to call forth the Comic and The Erotic Sentiments a passage should be recited with the Madhyama and the Pañcama notes, and for the Heroic and the Marvellous Sentiments the Ṣaḍja and the Ṛṣabha would be the suitable notes.(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Vācika (वाचिक) or vācikābhinaya refers to the first of four categories of abhinaya (histrionic representation). Vācika is the use of a word, poem, song and music. Abhinaya is the imitation of the thing seen by self or is an expression of sentiment experienced by oneself.(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Vācika (वाचिक) refers to a classification of sins, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Vācikā (वाचिका).—Expressing directly, denoting; (fem. of वाचक (vācaka)); cf. तयेरभिसंबन्धस्य षष्ठी वाचिका भवति (tayerabhisaṃbandhasya ṣaṣṭhī vācikā bhavati) M. Bh. on P.II. 1.1 Vart. 4.(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Languages of India and abroad
vācika (वाचिक).—a (S) Relating to speech, verbal, vocal, oral.
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vācika (वाचिक).—n (S) Account or word about, report, news, tidings.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vācika (वाचिक).—a Relating to speech.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vācika (वाचिक).—a. (-kā, kī f.) [वाचा कृतं वाच्-ठक् चस्य न कः (vācā kṛtaṃ vāc-ṭhak casya na kaḥ)]
1) Consisting of or expressed by words; वाचिकं पारुष्यम् (vācikaṃ pāruṣyam).
2) Oral, verbal, expressed by word of mouth.
-kaḥ A declamatory speech.
-kam 1 A message, an oral or verbal communication; वाचिकमप्यार्येण सिद्धार्थकाच्छ्रोतव्यमिति लिखितम् (vācikamapyāryeṇa siddhārthakācchrotavyamiti likhitam) Mu.5; निर्धारितेऽर्थे लेखेन खलूक्त्वा खलु वाचिकम् (nirdhārite'rthe lekhena khalūktvā khalu vācikam) Śi. 2.7; तव क्रीतसुतोऽस्मीति वाचिकेन व्यजिज्ञपत् (tava krītasuto'smīti vācikena vyajijñapat) Śiva B.31.32.
2) News, tidings, intelligence in general.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 9 books and stories containing Vacika, Vācika or Vācikā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 1 - Definition of generosity (dāna) < [Chapter XIX - The Characteristics of Generosity]
III. Wisdom, inseparable from concentration < [Part 2 - Surpassing the high concentrations of the Śrāvakas]
Bhūmi 7: the far-gone ground (dūraṃgamā / dūraṅgamā) < [Chapter XX - (2nd series): Setting out on the Mahāyāna]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.342 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 1.3.17 < [Part 3 - Devotional Service in Ecstasy (bhāva-bhakti)]
Buddha Desana (by Sayadaw U Pannadipa)
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 8 - Kamma < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 10 - The Schools of Theravada Buddhism < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)