Vacaka, Vācaka: 18 definitions


Vacaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vachaka.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vācaka (वाचक).—Expressive, as contrasted with द्योतक्र, व्यञ्जक, सूचक (dyotakra, vyañjaka, sūcaka) and भेदक (bhedaka) which 41 ७ (7) mean suggestive; the term is used in connection with words which directly convey their sense by denotation, as opposed to words which convey indirectly the sense or suggest it as the prefixes or Nipatas do.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Vācaka (वाचक) refers to a division of Ādiśaiva priests, as defined in Śaivāgama literature.—In the temple, the Ādiśaiva priests are classified by the āgama into five levels—Ācārya, Arcaka, Sādhaka, Alaṅkṛta and Vācaka. The Vācaka is responsible for chanting and study.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Vācaka (वाचक) refers to “(the energies of Speech that function as the) denotators”, according to Kṣemarāja in his commentaries on the Netratantra and the Svacchandabhairavatantra, which is well known to the Kubjikā Tantras.—‘Sound’ (nāda) is the name given to the pulse (spanda) of the supreme level of Speech (parā vāc), which animates the highest reality. The Netratantra refers to it as a form of sound that pervades the universe. Kṣemarāja explains that the energy of the higher levels initially manifests in two aspects. One is subjective, as the aggregate of the energies of Speech that function as the denotators (vācaka) of the second aspect, which consists of the aggregate of the energies of Speech, which they denote (vācya). When the initial impulse towards manifestation arises, the energy of consciousness retains the pulse of the second aspect within itself and expresses the pulse of the first aspect in the form of undifferentiated Sound. [...]

2) Vācaka (वाचक) refers to “quoting” (from books) [i.e., pustaka-vācaka], according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vācaka.—(LL), a Jain preacher. Note: vācaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vācaka : (m.) one who teaches or recites.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vācaka, (adj.) (fr. vācā) reciting, speaking, expressing SnA 164 (lekha°); sotthi° an utterer of blessings, a herald Miln. 359.—f. °ikā speech Sdhp. 55. (Page 606)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vacaka (वचक).—m ( H) Awe or apprehension of; impression of dread or fear. v khā, bāḷaga, pāḷa, rākha, ṭhēva, dhara with g. of o. 2 Sudden alarm or fright; shock of terror or fear. v ghē, basa. 3 Apprehension, notion, conception, thought. v jā, hō in. con. Ex. myāṃ sāvalī pāhilī malā va0 gēlā kīṃ rāmājīpanta ālē asatīla.

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vacakā (वचका).—m See vacaka. 2 See ōcakā.

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vacakā (वचका).—a (Imit. vaca!) That blurts or raps out snappishly: also that is prompt to blab. Hence 2 Light, trifling, silly, airy.

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vācaka (वाचक).—m (S) A word, an expression, a part of speech.

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vācaka (वाचक).—a S In comp. That declares or expresses; as kālavācaka, dēśavācaka, sthalavācaka, vṛkṣavācaka, agnivācaka Expressive of time, space, place, a tree &c. 2 Verbal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vacaka (वचक) [-kā, -का].—m Awe; sudden fright.

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vācaka (वाचक).—a That expresses; verbal. m A word. m Reader.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vācaka (वाचक).—a. [vac-ṇvul]

1) Speaking, declaring, explanatory; उन्नीय मे दर्शय वल्गुवाचकं यद्व्रीडया नाभिमुखं शुचिस्तिते (unnīya me darśaya valguvācakaṃ yadvrīḍayā nābhimukhaṃ śucistite) Bhāgavata 4.25.31.

2) Expressing, signifying, denoting directly (as a word, distinguished from lākṣaṇika and vyañjaka); साक्षात् संकेतितं योऽर्थमभिधत्ते स वाचकः (sākṣāt saṃketitaṃ yo'rthamabhidhatte sa vācakaḥ) K. P.2.

3) Verbal.

-kaḥ 1 A speaker.

2) A reader.

3) A significant word.

4) A messenger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vācaka (वाचक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Declaratory, explaining, speaking. 2. Verbal, expressed by words. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A word, a significant sound. 2. A speaker. 3. A reader. 4. A messenger. E. vac to speak, aff. ṇvul .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vācaka (वाचक).—i. e. vac + aka, I. adj. 1. Speaking. 2. Expressed by words, signifying, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 213, 2. Ii. m. 1. A word, a significant sound. 2. A speaker. 3. A messenger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vācaka (वाचक).—[feminine] cikā [adjective] speaking, saying, expressing ([genetive] or —°); [masculine] speaker, reciter. Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vacaka (वचक):—[from vac] See dur-v.

2) Vācaka (वाचक):—[from vāc] mf(ikā [akā [wrong reading]])n. speaking, saying, telling anything ([genitive case]), [Hitopadeśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] speaking of, treating of, declaring (with [genitive case] or ifc.), [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] expressive of, expressing, signifying, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] verbal, expressed by words, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a speaker, reciter, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a significant sound, word, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] a messenger, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vācaka (वाचक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A word; significant sound; a speaker; messenger. a. Verbal, expressing, declaratory, explaining.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vācaka (वाचक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vāyaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vacaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vācaka (वाचक) [Also spelled vachak]:—(nm) a narrator; reader; an announcer; (a) denoting; signifying; ~[tā/tva] significance; expression; —[pada] significant/meaningful word.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vācaka (ವಾಚಕ):—

1) [adjective] talking; speaking.

2) [adjective] reading.

3) [adjective] that is indicating, signifying (as in guṇavācaka, nāmavācaka, etc.).

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Vācaka (ವಾಚಕ):—

1) [noun] that which is relating to or consisting of words, speech.

2) [noun] speech; utterance; talk.

3) [noun] that which is communicated or informed; communication; information.

4) [noun] he who reads or is reading; a reader.

5) [noun] a person who recites poetry using appropriate musical modes and depicts the idea of the poetry in a limpid manner.

6) [noun] a man who is talking; talker; speaker.

7) [noun] the literary meaning of a word.

8) [noun] (gram.) a word, in gen., that describes something (as in guṇavācaka, nāmavācaka, etc.).

9) [noun] ವಾಚಕರ ವಾಣಿ [vacakara vani] vācakara vāṇi = ವಾಚಕವಾಣಿ [vacakavani].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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