Uttiya, aka: Uttika; 1 Definition(s)


Uttiya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Uttiya in Theravada glossaries]

(see also Uttika Sutta)

1. Uttiya, Uttika - He was the son of a brahmin of Savatthi. When he came of age, he left the world, seeking the Deathless, and became a Paribbajaka. One day, on his travels, he came to the place where the Buddha was preaching and entered the Order, but because of the impurity of his morals he could not win his goal. Seeing other bhikkhus who had achieved their object, he asked the Buddha for a lesson in brief. The Buddha gave him a short lesson, which he used for his meditations. During these meditations he fell ill, but in his anxiety he put forth every effort and became an arahant (Thag.v.30; ThagA.i.89f).

In the time of Siddhattha Buddha he was a crocodile in the river Candabhaga. One day, seeing the Buddhas desire to cross to the other bank, the crocodile offered him its back to sit on and took him across.

Seven times he was king of the devas, and three times ruler of men (Ap.i.79-80). This Uttiya is evidently identical with the thera of the same name mentioned in the Samyutta Nikaya. In one sutta (S.v.22) the Buddha explains to him, in answer to his question, the character of the five sensual elements and the necessity for their abandonment. Elsewhere (S.v.166) he is represented as asking the Buddha for a lesson in brief, which the Buddha gives him. Dwelling in solitude, he meditates on this and becomes an arahant.

Perhaps he is also identical with Uttiya Paribbajaka, who is represented in the Anguttara Nikaya (A.v.193ff) as asking the Buddha various questions on the duration of the world, etc., and as being helped by Ananda to understand the real import of the Buddhas answers.

2. Uttiya Thera - He was one of four companions - the others being Godhika, Subahu and Valliya - who were born at Pava as the sons of four Malls rajas. They were great friends, and once went together on some embassy to Kapilavatthu. There they saw the Buddhas Twin Miracle, and, entering the Order, they soon became arahants. When they went to Rajagaha, Bimbisara invited them to spend the rainy season there and built for each of them a hut, carelessly omitting, however, to have the huts roofed. So the theras dwelt in the huts unsheltered. For a long time there was no rain and the king, wondering thereat, remembered his neglect and had the huts thatched, plastered and painted. He then held a dedication festival and gave alms to the Order. The Elders went inside the huts and entered into a meditation of love. Forthwith the sky darkened in the west and rains fell.

In the time of Siddhattha Buddha the four were householders and friends; one of them gave to the Buddha a ladleful of food, another fell prostrate before the Buddha and worshipped him, the third gave him a handful of flowers, while the fourth paid him homage with sumana flowers.

In Kassapas time, too, they were friends and entered the Order together.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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