Uttaraguna, Uttaraguṇa, Uttara-guna: 1 definition


Uttaraguna means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Uttaraguna in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Uttaraguṇa (उत्तरगुण) refers to “any additional acts of self-denial”, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] then the merchant [Dhana] set out with horses, camels, carts, and oxen moving to and fro, like the ocean with its high waves. The Ācārya [Dharmaghoṣa] too set out, surrounded by Sādhus, like the embodied mūlaguṇas followed by the uttaraguṇas”.

Note: The mūlaguṇas are the same as the mahāvratas and therefore 5 in number. The uttaraguṇas are any additional acts of self-denial and various authors give different numbers. Hem. himself (Yogaśāstra p. 251a) says mūlaguṇas for yatis are the mahāvratas, and for laymen the aṇuvratas. Uttaraguṇas for yatis are piṇḍavi-śuddhi, etc., and for laymen the guṇavratas and śikṣāvratas.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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