Ushna, Uṣṇa, Uṣṇā: 15 definitions

Introduction

Ushna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Uṣṇa and Uṣṇā can be transliterated into English as Usna or Ushna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “warm”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Uṣṇa is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘warmness’, while its opposing quality, Śīta, refers to its ‘coldness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Uṣṇa, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Pitta (bodily humour in control of digestion and metabolism), while it aggrevates the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system) and the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Fire (agni).

2) Uṣṇa (उष्ण):—A Sanskrit technical term referring to the rise in body temperature , and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Uṣṇa is a symptom (rūpa) considered to be due to involvement of pitta-doṣa (aggravated pitta).

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “hot”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Uṣṇa], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Uṣṇa (उष्ण) refers to “hot” (in taste) and represents a particular dietetic effect according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, the dietetic effect uṣṇa is associated with the following conditions: Food utensils made of brass (paittala-pātra) and Food-utensils made of Hastikarṇīpatra (coral tree leaf).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

1) Uṣṇa (उष्ण) refers to “warmth” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning uṣṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

2) Uṣṇa (उष्ण) refers to “summer”, as mentioned in verse 5.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā .—Accordingly, “[...] Of sour digestion and taste, constipating, heavy, (and) warming (are) curds [viz., dadhi]; Never shall one take them at night, never warm, (and) not in spring, summer, and autumn [viz., vasatna-uṣṇa-śarad] (in any other season) not without mung-bean soup nor without honey nor without ghee and sugar nor without emblic myrobalans, also not continuously and not slightly unfinished”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Uṣṇa (उष्ण).—A son of Dyutimat, with his kingdom by name Uṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 22 and 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 21-22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 48.

1b) A region of Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 72; Matsya-purāṇa 122. 85; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 66.

1c) The son of Nirvaktra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 272.

1d) The son of Nicaknu and father of Vicitraratha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 9-10.

2) Uṣṇā (उष्णा).—A Kalā that gives energy to Agni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 83.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Uṣṇa (उष्ण) refers to “(the outer suffering of) the heat”, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI in the section called “four foundations of mindfulness (smṛtyupasthāna)”.—Accordingly:—“[...] there are two kinds of suffering (duḥkha): inner suffering and outer suffering. [...] Outer suffering (bāhyaduḥkha) is of two types: i) the king (rājan), the victorious enemy (vijetṛ), the wicked thief (caura), the lion (siṃha), tiger (vyāghra), wolf (vṛka), snake (sarpa) and other nuisances (viheṭhana); ii) the wind (vāta), rain (vṛṣṭi), cold (śīta), heat (uṣṇa), thunder (meghagarjita), lightning (vidyut), thunderbolts, etc: these two kinds of suffering are outer suffering”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “heat”) refers to one of the  hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., uṣṇa). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “hot”) refers to a category of yoni (nuclei), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.32.—The place of birth of a living being is called nucleus (nuclei is the plural). The nucleus is like a container. There are nine nuclei (yoni), eg., uṣṇa. What is the meaning of hot and cold nuclei? The nuclei which are cold or hot are called cold and hot nuclei respectively.

What types of living beings have cold (śīta), hot (uṣṇa) and mixed (miśra) hot and cold nuclei? Some have cold, hot or mixed nuclei. The celestial and infernal beings have cold or hot and cold-hot nuclei. Those with hot body (fire body) take their rise from hot nuclei. Those who possess their body of heat have hot nuclei. All others, besides celestial, infernal and fire body have mixed or cold-hot nuclei.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “heavy”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (eg., uṣṇa).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

uṣṇa (उष्ण).—a (S) Hot or warm. 2 Heating--articles of food &c. 3 fig. Ardent, impetuous, vehement, fiery.

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uṣṇa (उष्ण).—n (S) Heat (as of the sun or weather). 2 also uṣṇatā f (S) Morbid heat in the system.

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uṣṇā (उष्णा).—& uṣṇēvāṇa See usanā & usanēvāṇa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

uṣṇa (उष्ण).—a Hot. Heating. Fig. Ardent. n Heat.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uṣṇa (उष्ण).—a. [uṣ-nak Uṇ.3.2.]

1) Hot, warm; °अंशुः, °करः (aṃśuḥ, °karaḥ) &c.

2) Sharp, strict, active; आददे नातिशीतोष्णो नभस्वानिव दक्षिणः (ādade nātiśītoṣṇo nabhasvāniva dakṣiṇaḥ); R.4.8 (where uṣṇa has sense

1) also).

3) Pungent, acrid (as a rasa).

4) Clever, sharp.

5) Choleric, warm, passionate.

-ṣṇaḥ, -ṣṇam 1 Heat, warmth.

2) The hot season (grīṣma); उष्णे वर्षति शीते वा मारुते वाति वा भृशम् । न कुर्वितात्मनस्त्राणं गोरकृत्वा तु शक्तितः (uṣṇe varṣati śīte vā mārute vāti vā bhṛśam | na kurvitātmanastrāṇaṃ gorakṛtvā tu śaktitaḥ) || Ms.11.113.

3) Sunshine.

4) A deep or feverish sigh. तप्यमानामिवोष्णेन मृणालीमचिरोद्धृताम् (tapyamānāmivoṣṇena mṛṇālīmaciroddhṛtām) Rām.5.19.17.

5) Sorrow, distress (of separation, bereavement &c.); उष्णार्दितां (uṣṇārditāṃ) (nīlakaṇṭhīmiva) Rām.5.5.25.

-ṣṇaḥ An onion.

-ṣṇā 1 Warmth, heat.

2) Consumption.

3) Bile. शीतोष्णे चैव वायुश्च त्रयः शारीरजाः गुणाः (śītoṣṇe caiva vāyuśca trayaḥ śārīrajāḥ guṇāḥ) Mb.12.16.11. °अङ्गत्वम्, °मलत्वम् (aṅgatvam, °malatvam) Bile, disease.

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Uṣṇa (उष्ण).—see under उष् (uṣ).

See also (synonyms): uṣṇaka, uṣman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uṣṇa (उष्ण).—i. e. uṣ + na, I. adj., f. ṇā, Hot, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 203, 17. Ii. m. and n. The hot season, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 113.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uṣṇa (उष्ण).—[feminine] ā (ī) hot, warm, [neuter] heat, warmth, the hot season.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uṣṇa (उष्ण):—[from uṣ] mf(ā, rarely ī)n. ([Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 2]) hot, warm

2) [v.s. ...] ardent, passionate, impetuous, [Ṛg-veda x, 4, 2; Atharva-veda vi, 68, 1; viii, 9, 17; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Suśruta; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] pungent, acrid

4) [v.s. ...] sharp, active, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. onion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] mn. heat, warmth, the hot season (June, July), [Manu-smṛti xi, 113; Śakuntalā; Daśakumāra-carita] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] any hot object, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of certain positions in the retrograde motion of the planet Mars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a Varṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) Uṣṇā (उष्णा):—[from uṣṇa > uṣ] f. heat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] consumption, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] bile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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