Uruvilva, Uruvilvā: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Uruvilva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Uruvilvā (उरुविल्वा) is the name of a village on the banks of the Nairañjana river according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “then the Bodhisattva Si ta t’o (Siddhārtha) grew up; renouncing the state of cakrvartin king, he went forth from home (pravrajita) in the middle of the night and went to the country of Ngeou leou pi lo (Uruvilvā) on the banks of the river Ni lien chan (Nairañjana) where he practiced asceticism for six years”.

Uruvilvā (उरुविल्वा) or Urubilvā is mentioned as a city where the Buddha converted Jaṭilas, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—The same year as his enlightenment, the Buddha went to Urubilvā to convert the thousand Jaṭilas, fire worshippers, led by Urubilvākāśyapa, a venerable old man aged one hundred and twenty years, and his two brothers, Nadī- and Gatākāśyapa. To impress these heretics, the Buddha performed no less than eighteen miracles, beginning with the taming of a venomous snake.

2) Uruvilvā (उरुविल्वा) is also the name of the Nāga of Urubilvā on the Nairañjanā who occupied the Fire House (agnyāgāra) of the Jaṭilas. Urubilvākāśyapa, the leader of these heretics, had authorized the Buddha to stay there. When the Buddha entered, the furious snake spat out smoke and flames; the teacher replied with the same, so much so that the building seemed about to burst into flame. During the night, Kāśyapa, who watched the stars, noticed the fire and wondered if the Buddha had not been burned to ash.

3) Uruvilvā (उरुविल्वा) or Uruvilvāvana is the name of an ancient forest, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (6). The Buddha has no unconsidered equanimity.—He has no unconsidered equanimity.—[...] When, as a Bodhisattva, he was in his mother’s womb, his mother loved solitude as well, and it was at forty li from the capital, in the forest of Lumbinīvana she gave birth to him. When the Buddha attained Bodhi, it was in the forest of Uruvilvāvana alone, at the foot of a tree that he became Buddha. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Uruvilva (उरुविल्व) (in Chinese: Yeou-leou-p'in-louo) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Punarvasu or Punarvasunakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Punarvasu] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Uruvilva] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Uruvilvā (उरुविल्वा).—(= Pali Uruvelā), name of a village where the Bodhisattva sought enlightenment for a time: called a senāpati-grāma(ka), Lalitavistara 248.7; 267.13; Mahāvastu iii.415.11; 425.17; other occurrences Lalitavistara 261.3; 269.9; Mahāvastu ii.123.16; 200.9 ff.; 207.1, etc.; Divyāvadāna 202.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uruvilvā (उरुविल्वा):—[=uru-vilvā] [from uru] See -bilvā above.

[Sanskrit to German]

Uruvilva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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