Urna, aka: Ūrṇa, Ūrṇā, Urṇā; 9 Definition(s)


Urna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ūrṇā (ऊर्णा).—A wife of Marīci. In the Svāyambhuva Manvantara Marīci had a wife called Ūrṇā and six mighty sons by her. When they saw Brahmā once, they teased him by calling him 'a father who had married his daughter.' Brahmā got angry with them, and cursed them to take birth as Daityas (demons) on the earth. Accordingly they took birth as the sons of Kālanemi on earth. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 4).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ūrṇa (ऊर्ण).—The Yakṣa presiding over the month puṣya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 42.

1b) (c) a mountain kingdom.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 56.

1c) A hill tribe.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 67.

2a) Ūrṇā (ऊर्णा).—The queen of Citraratha and mother of Samrāṭ.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 14.

2b) Had six sons through Marīci.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 85. 47.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Urṇā (उर्णा) refers to a “circle of hair between the eye-brows”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his urṇā.

After emission, the rays (raśmi) might return to the ūrṇā (“spot between the eye-brows”), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). According to the Avadānaśataka and Divyāvadāna, it is a custom that, at the moment when the Buddha Bhagavats show their smile, blue, yellow, red and white rays flash out of the Bhagavat’s mouth, some of which go up and some of which go down. Those that go down penetrate into the hells (naraka); those that go up penetrate to the gods from the Cāturmahārājikas up to the Akaniṣṭas. Having travelled through the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu, the rays return to the Bhagavat from behind. According as to whether the Buddha wishes to show such-and-such a thing, the rays return to him by a different part of the body.

The returning of the rays into the ūrṇā of the Buddha predicts the bodhi of the Pratyekabuddhas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Ūrṇa.—(EI 8), a mark between the brows of the Buddha. Note: ūrṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ūrṇā (ऊर्णा).—f S Wool; hair of sheep, deer, camels &c. 2 Woollen cloth. 3 A circle of hair between the eyebrows.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ūrṇā (ऊर्णा).—f Wool. Woollen cloth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Urṇā (उर्णा).—

1) Wool, felt.

2) A circle of hair between the eye-brows; see ऊर्णा (ūrṇā).

--- OR ---

Ūrṇa (ऊर्ण).—[ūrṇu-ḍa Uṇ.5.47]

1) Wool.

2) A woollen cloth.

Derivable forms: ūrṇam (ऊर्णम्).

--- OR ---

Ūrṇā (ऊर्णा).—

1) Wool; कम्बलीया ऊर्णाः (kambalīyā ūrṇāḥ) Mbh. on P.V.1.3. माङ्गल्योर्णावलयिनि (māṅgalyorṇāvalayini) (haste) R.16.87.

2) A circle of hair between the eyebrows. सोर्णभ्रुवं वारणबस्तिकोशम् (sorṇabhruvaṃ vāraṇabastikośam) Bu. Ch. 1.66; cf. (āvarte cāntarā bhruvo Amar.) ... ऊर्णेयमन्तर्भ्रुवोः (ūrṇeyamantarbhruvoḥ) Nāg.1.17.

3) Name of the wife of Chitraratha.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūrṇā (ऊर्णा).—(= Pali uṇṇā; very rare in Sanskrit in this sense, see pw; essentially Buddhist term; compare ūṛṇā-kośa, which seems unknown in Sanskrit), the circle of hair between the eye- brows of a Buddha (or other mahāpuruṣa): LV 316.9; chiefly in the 31st of the 32 lakṣaṇa, q.v. (elsewhere ūrṇākośa is generally used); white color is prevailingly mentioned.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Urṇā (उर्णा).—f.

(-rṇā) 1. Wool, felt, the hair of camels, &c. 2. A circle of hair between the eye-brows. E. urṇu to cover, ḍa affix; the word is properly ūrṇā, q. v.

--- OR ---

Ūrṇā (ऊर्णा).—f.

(-rṇā) 1. Wool, felt, &c., the hair of sheep, deer, camels, &c. 2. A circle of the hair between the eye-brows, considered as a token of greatness. E. ūrṇu to cover, ḍa and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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