Upavasa, aka: Upavāsa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Upavasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Upavasa in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Upavāsa (उपवास) refers to “vasting”. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana

[Upavasa in Purana glossaries]

Upavāsa (उपवास).—Upavāsa means going back from sin and leading a good life. (Upā (varta) = go back and Vāsa = A life). All actions which are not good, must be relinquished. Those who observe Upavāsa should abstain from using flesh, Masūra (pulse), caṇaka (a kind of gram), Varaku (a kind of grain), green leaves prepared), honey, rice etc. and from contact with women. He should not wear flowers, ornaments, or fashionable dress; should not inhale fragrant smoke, and fragrance of any sort. Cleaning the teeth and using collyrium also are prohibited. Instead of cleaning the teeth in the morning Pañcagavya (Milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung of cow) should be taken in. Drinking water several times, using betel leaves, sleeping in the day time and sexual act also should be avoided. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 175).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Upavasa in Mahayana glossaries]

Upavāsa (उपवास, “fast”) according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—In agreement with the Sarvāstivādin-Vaibhāṣikas, the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra makes the fast or upavāsa, in the proper meaning of fast, consist of the renunciation of taking a meal outside of the proper time; the other eight renunciations are the members of the fast (upavāsāṅga). The Sautrāntikas do not hold this opinion for, they say, according to the sūtra, immediately after the renunciation of having a meal outside of the time, the person fasting should say: “By this eighth member, I am imitating the rule, I am conforming to the rule of the Arhats”. Cf. Kośa, IV, p. 68.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Upavasa in Pali glossaries]

upavāsa : (m.) fasting; abstaining from enjoyments.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Upavāsa, (fr. upa + vas, see upavasati) keeping a prescribed day, fasting, self-denial, abstaining from enjoyments (Same as uposatha; used extensively in BSk. in meaning of uposatha, e.g. at Av. Ś I. 338, 339; Divy 398 in phrase aṣṭânga-samanvāgataṃ upavāsaṃ upavasati) A. V, 40 (? uncertain; vv. ll. upāsaka, ovāpavāssa, yopavāsa); J. VI, 508; SnA 199 (in expln. of uposatha). (Page 147)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Upavasa in Marathi glossaries]

upavāsa (उपवास).—m (S) Keeping a fast: also a fast. upavāsīṃ Without having eaten; with empty belly.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upavāsa (उपवास).—m A fast. upavāsī n Fasting.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Upavasa in Sanskrit glossaries]

Upavāsa (उपवास).—a. Staying near; तेषूपवासान्विबुधानुपोष्य (teṣūpavāsānvibudhānupoṣya) Mb.3.118.14.

-saḥ 1 A fast; सोपवासस्त्र्यहं वसेत् (sopavāsastryahaṃ vaset) Y.1.175,3.19; Ms.11.196 (a fast is a religious act and consists in abstaining from every kind of sensual gratification).

2) Kindling a sacred fire.

3) A fire-altar.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 15 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Proshadhopavasa
Prosadhopavāsa (प्रोसधोपवास) or Prosadhopavāsavrata refers to the “vow for fasting at regular i...
Poshadhopavasa
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Vratopavasa
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Vishala
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Kurukshetra
Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, cha...
Attha
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Akshama
Akṣama (अक्षम).—a. [na. ta.]1) Unfit, incompetent, unable; कार्यं°, पलायन,° उपवास° (kāryaṃ°, pa...
Upasa
upāsa (उपास).—m Fasting or a fast. upāśī a Fast- ing, hungry.
Upavasatha
Upavasatha (उपवसथ) according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—In the Vedas, upav...
Ujjaya
Ujjaya (उज्जय).—One of the sons of Viśvāmitra. They were Brahmavādins. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana P...
Devahita
Devahita (देवहित) is the name of a Brahmin that healed the Buddha’s backache according to appen...
Aupavasika
Aupavāsika (औपवासिक).—a. (-kī f.) [उपवास-ठञ् (upavāsa-ṭhañ)] Fit for fasting, able to fast.
Aupavasa
Aupavāsa (औपवास).—a. (-sī f.) [उपवास-अण् (upavāsa-aṇ)] Given during fasting (money); to be done...
Attha-samapattiyo
1) Aṭṭha, 2 see attha. (Page 16)2) Aṭṭha, 1 (Vedic aṣṭau, old dual, Idg. *octou, pointing to a ...
Attha-garudhamma
1) Aṭṭha, 2 see attha. (Page 16)2) Aṭṭha, 1 (Vedic aṣṭau, old dual, Idg. *octou, pointing to a ...

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