Upasarjana: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Upasarjana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Upasarjana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Upasarjana (उपसर्जन).—Adjective, subordinate member which does not get the treatment of the principal member, e. g. गोस्त्रियोरुपसर्जनस्य (gostriyorupasarjanasya) P.I.2.48, ' अनुपसर्जनात् (anupasarjanāt) P.IV.1.14 संज्ञोपसर्जनीभूतास्तु न सर्वादयः (saṃjñopasarjanībhūtāstu na sarvādayaḥ) S.K. on P.I.1.29, also P.I.1.27 Vārt.2;

2) Upasarjana.—A word referred to by the word which is put in the nominative case in rules of Pāṇini prescribing compounds, e. g. कष्ट (kaṣṭa) (in the compound क्रष्टश्रितः (kraṣṭaśritaḥ)) which is referred to by the word द्वितीया (dvitīyā) in the rule द्वितीया श्रितातीत (dvitīyā śritātīta)o P.II.1.24 which prescribes the Acc. Tatpuruṣa compound. These words are given the first place in a compound; cf. प्रथमानिर्दिष्टं समास उपसर्जनम् (prathamānirdiṣṭaṃ samāsa upasarjanam) P.I.2.43, उपसर्जनं पूर्वम् (upasarjanaṃ pūrvam) P.II.2.30;

3) Upasarjana.—A word which has one and the same case when a compound in the different cases is shown as dissolved, e. g. the word कौशाम्बी (kauśāmbī) in the compound निष्कौशाम्बिः (niṣkauśāmbiḥ) which keeps its ablative case when the compounds निष्कौशाम्बिम्, निष्कौशाम्बिना, निष्कौशाम्बये (niṣkauśāmbim, niṣkauśāmbinā, niṣkauśāmbaye) etc. are dissolved; cf. एकविभक्ति चापूर्वनिपाते (ekavibhakti cāpūrvanipāte) P.I.2.44.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upasarjana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upasarjana (उपसर्जन).—

1) Pouring on.

2) A misfortune, calamity (as an eclipse), portent; ज्योतिषां चोपसर्जने (jyotiṣāṃ copasarjane) (anadhyāyān) Ms.4.15.

3) Leaving.

4) Eclipsing.

5) Any person or thing subordinate to another, a substitute.

6) (In gram.) A word which either by composition or derivation loses its original independent character, while it also determines the sense of another word (opp. pradhāna); e. g. in पाणिनीयः (pāṇinīyaḥ) a pupil of पाणिनि, पाणिनि (pāṇini, pāṇini) becomes उपसर्जन (upasarjana); or in राजपुरुषः, राजन् (rājapuruṣaḥ, rājan) is उपसर्जन (upasarjana), having lost its independent character; P.I.2.43,48,57; II.2.3; IV.1.14,54; VI.3.82; आचार्योपसर्जनश्चान्तेवासी (ācāryopasarjanaścāntevāsī).

7) A kind of war-manoeuvre; तथा प्राग्भवनं चापसरणं तूपसर्जनम् (tathā prāgbhavanaṃ cāpasaraṇaṃ tūpasarjanam) Śuka.4.115.

Derivable forms: upasarjanam (उपसर्जनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upasarjana (उपसर्जन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A representative, a substitute, any person or thing subordinate or subsidiary. 2. Portent, eclipse. 3. Approaching. E. upa inferior, sṛj to go, lyuṭ aff. In the first sense, though used as an attributive, it is always neuter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upasarjana (उपसर्जन).—i. e. upa-sṛj + ana, n. 1. Obecuration, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 105. 2. A representative, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 121.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upasarjana (उपसर्जन).—[neuter] pouring on; inauspicious phenomenon, [especially] an eclipse; a secondary word ([grammar]) or person ([jurisprudence]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upasarjana (उपसर्जन):—[=upa-sarjana] [from upa-sṛj] n. (ifc. mf(ā)n.) the act of pouring upon, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] infusion, [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] an inauspicious phenomenon, eclipse, [Manu-smṛti iv, 105]

4) [v.s. ...] anything or any person subordinate to another, [Manu-smṛti]

5) [v.s. ...] a substitute, representation, [Nyāyamālā-vistara] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) ‘subordinate, secondary’ (opposed to pradhāna), any word which by composition or derivation loses its original independence while it also determines the sense of another word (e.g. the word rājan in rājapuruṣa, ‘a king’s servant or minister’, and the word apiśali in āpiśala, [Pāṇini 1-2, 43, etc.; vi, 2, 36]; in a Bahu-vrīhi compound both members are upasarjana; in other compounds generally the first member, [Pāṇini 2-2, 30]; for exceptions See, [Pāṇini 2-2, 31])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upasarjana (उपसर्जन):—[upa-sarjana] (naṃ) 1. n. A substitute; a portent; approaching.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upasarjana (उपसर्जन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uvasajjaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upasarjana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upasarjana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upasarjana (ಉಪಸರ್ಜನ):—

1) [noun] something that portends an event about to occur, esp. an unfortunate event; a bad omen; a portent.

2) [noun] a person or thing subordinate to another.

3) [noun] (gram.) a word which either by composition or derivation loses its original independent character while it also determines the sense of another word.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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