Uparishtha, Upariṣṭha, Uparistha, Upari-stha: 7 definitions


Uparishtha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Upariṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Uparistha or Uparishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Uparishtha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Uparistha (उपरिस्थ) refers to “that which is on top of”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Jālandhara) is in the southern corner of (Kailāśa). It shines (like) the moon and has the moon’s radiant lustre. Its form is that of the city of the Half Moon. It has deep lakes and rivers full of waves. It contains the ocean of the six planes, and is fearsome (with the many great) waves that wash against its shores. That city of the Supreme Lord is on top of the lord of the principles [i.e., tattvanātha-uparistha]. It is adorned with snow (white) moonstones and varied enclosing walls, archways, and palaces (aṭṭāla). It possesses many qualities and wonders. [...]”.

2) Uparistha (उपरिस्थ) refers to “above” (all Tantric practice), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The Great Mata (mahāmata) is above all Tantric practice. It is the Śāmbhava tradition that has come down through the series of teachers. It has come from the invisible (unmanifest) form and gives success in the Age of Strife. O god, it gives worldly benefit and liberation and is sealed in the First Seat. It is the venerable Ciñciṇīkula present in the venerable Kadamba Cave, established (there) by the God of the gods in accord with the Rule”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Uparishtha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Uparistha (उपरिस्थ) refers to a “superior (state)”, according to the Yogatārāvalī.—Accordingly, [while describing yoganidrā]: “[...] [This] Yogic sleep, whose extraordinary happiness [arises] from ceaseless practice, blossoms in the Yogin whose roots of intentional and volitional thought have been cut off and whose network of Karma has been completely rooted out. Having mastered cessation [of the mind] in the fourth state which is superior (uparistha) to the three states beginning with the mundane, O friend, forever enter that special thoughtless sleep full of [pure] consciousness”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Uparishtha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Upariṣṭha (उपरिष्ठ) is the name of the Pratyekabuddha who received some coarse broth from Annabhāra (a previous life of Aniruddha) according to the Karmavibhaṅga. Also see Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Uparishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uparistha (उपरिस्थ).—a. upper, higher.

Uparistha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms upari and stha (स्थ). See also (synonyms): uparitana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upariṣṭha (उपरिष्ठ):—[=upari-ṣṭha] mfn. staying above (= -stha below), [Rāmāyaṇa; Daśakumāra-carita; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

2) Uparistha (उपरिस्थ):—[=upari-stha] mfn. standing above, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Uparishtha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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