Upananda: 11 definitions


Upananda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Upananda in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Upananda (उपनन्द).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Bhīmasena killed him. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 51, Stanza 19).

2) Upananda (उपनन्द).—A serpent. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 103, Stanza 12).

3) Upananda (उपनन्द).—A warrior of Skanda. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 64).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Upananda (उपनन्द).—A son of Vasudeva and Madirā;1 went with Vṛṣṇi's host to Bāṇa's city.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 48; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 171; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 169; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 23.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 63. 3.

1b) An elder gopa addressed an assembly of gopas at Bṛhadvana to leave it on account of evil portents occurring from time to time and go to Bṛṇdāvana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 11. 22. 29.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Upananda.-A thera. He belonged to the Sakiyan clan. Several incidents connected with him are mentioned in the Vinaya. Once he promised to spend the rainy season with Pasenadi Kosala, but on his way there he saw two lodgings where robes were plentiful and so kept Vassa in those lodgings instead. Pasenadi was greatly annoyed and when, in due course, the matter reached the ears of the Buddha, Upananda was rebuked and a set of rules was passed regarding promises made about the rainy season (Vin.i.153).

2. Upananda.-A king of fifty seven kappas ago; a previous birth of Tindukadayaka Thera. Ap.i.201.

3. Upananda.-Four Pacceka Buddhas, mentioned in the Isigili Sutta. M.iii.70.

4. Upananda.-Commander in chief of the Magadha kingdom. He was present at the conversation, recorded in the Gopaka Moggallana Sutta, between Ananda and Vassakara. M.iii.13.

5. Upananda. See Nandopananda.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Upananda (उपनन्द) is the name of a Nāga king (nāgarāja), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “Thus, when the Nāgarājas Nan-t’o (Nanda) and P’o-nan-t’o (Upananda), the older and the younger, wanted to destroy the city of Śrāvastī, they rained down weapons (āyudha) and poisonous snakes (āśīviṣa), but Mou-lien (Maudgalyāyana), at that time properly seated, filled space and changed the offensive weapons into perfumed flowers and necklaces (hāra)”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Upananda (उपनन्द) is the name of a Great Nāga-king (i.e., Mahā-Nāgarāja), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān explained the great heart-dhāraṇī], “Then Samantākāraparikaracchatra, the great Nāga king, [...] Nanda and Upananda, Nāga kings, [...]: These leaders of 84,000 Nāga kings, each surrounded by 77,000 of Nāga troops belonging to their abode, approached the Bhagavān, went up to him, circumambulated him three times, worshipped him with great worship, and having bowed down at his feet said to the Bhagavān, ‘[...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Upananda (उपनन्द) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Upananda).

2) Upananda (उपनन्द) is also the name of a Nāga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upananda (उपनन्द).—(1) name of a monk, disciple of the Buddha: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.6; one of the ṣaḍvārgika or ṣaḍvargīya group, Mahāvyutpatti 9472 (with Nanda, 9471; compare Nandopananda); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.99.4 ff.; 117.6 ff.; 199.14 ff.; (2) name of a nāga-king, always associated and almost always compounded with Nanda, 2, q.v. for references.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upananda (उपनन्द):—[=upa-nanda] m. Name of a Nāga

2) [v.s. ...] of several men, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upananda (उपनन्द) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uvanaṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upananda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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