Upamshu, Upāṃśu: 14 definitions


Upamshu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Upāṃśu can be transliterated into English as Upamsu or Upamshu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Upāṃśu (उपांशु).—lit. inaudible. The word is explained in the technical sense as the first place or stage in the utterance of speech where it is perfectly inaudible although produced; cf. उपांशु इति प्रथमं वाचः स्थानम् (upāṃśu iti prathamaṃ vācaḥ sthānam) Com. on T. Pr. XXIII, 5.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Upāṃśu (उपांशु) refers to “murmering”, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“with the Yajur-veda the performance takes place by murmuring (upāṃśu). With the exception of addresses, replies, choosing of priests (pravara), dialogues, and commands”.

This murmuring, upāṃśu, is described as a mere opus operatum, the words being repeated without voice and without thought. One may see the movements of the vocal organs in murmuring, but one should not hear them at a distance. If verses from the Ṛg-veda or Sāma-veda occur in the Yajur-veda, they also have to be murmured. See Kāty. I, 3, 10.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (mantra)

Upāṃśu (उपांशु) refers to “audible mantras” (i.e.., that which is audible to the aspirant as a whisper”) and represents a particular classification of mantras (“that which is chanted by people to obtain their spiritual aspirations”).—Mantras having 1, 2 and 3 syllables and alligned scientifically with synchronised sounds for a specific purpose, are said to be highly potent. These have the least number of bījākāṣaras and do not include the name of the devatā. They are threefold—mānasa, mental, which is not heard by anyone and which is the most effective, upāṃśu, audible to the aspirant as a whisper, and vācika, clearly audible to all.

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upāṃśu (उपांशु).—ad S In a whisper or subdued tone.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upāṃśu (उपांशु).—ad In a whisper or subdued tone.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upāṃśu (उपांशु).—ind.

1) In low voice or whisper; ववर्ष पर्जन्य उपांशुगर्जितः (vavarṣa parjanya upāṃśugarjitaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.3.5.

2) Secretly, in secret or private; परिचेतुमुपांशु धारणाम् (paricetumupāṃśu dhāraṇām) R.8.18; cf. also तस्मात् यत् किंचित् प्राजापत्यं क्रियते उपांश्वेव तत् क्रियते इति (tasmāt yat kiṃcit prājāpatyaṃ kriyate upāṃśveva tat kriyate iti) | ŚB. on MS. 1.8.57. °व्रतम् (vratam) a vow observed in secret; भिन्द्यामहं तस्य शिर इत्युपांशुव्रतं मम (bhindyāmahaṃ tasya śira ityupāṃśuvrataṃ mama) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.69.1.

-śuḥ 1 A prayer uttered in a low voice, muttering of prayers; जिह्वोष्ठौ चालयेत् किंचिद् देवतागतमानसः । निजश्रवणयोग्यः स्यादुपांशुः स जपः स्मृतः (jihvoṣṭhau cālayet kiṃcid devatāgatamānasaḥ | nijaśravaṇayogyaḥ syādupāṃśuḥ sa japaḥ smṛtaḥ) ||; विधियज्ञाज्जपयज्ञो विशिष्टो दशभिर्गुणैः । उपांशुः स्याच्छतगुणः साहस्रो मानसः स्मृतः (vidhiyajñājjapayajño viśiṣṭo daśabhirguṇaiḥ | upāṃśuḥ syācchataguṇaḥ sāhasro mānasaḥ smṛtaḥ) || Manusmṛti 2.85.

2) (Hence) silence itself.

3) Name of a Soma offering.

-tvam Silence. उपांशुत्वं प्रजापते- धर्मः (upāṃśutvaṃ prajāpate- dharmaḥ) | ŚB. on MS.1.8.52.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upāṃśu (उपांशु).—m.

(-śuḥ) Muttering prayers, reciting them in a low voice so as not to be overheard. ind. 1. Solitary, private. 2. Secretely, in a whisper. E. upa, aṃśu a ray.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upāṃśu (उपांशु).—i. e. upa-aṃśu, I. m. A low muttered prayer, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 8. Ii. adv. Secretly, Mahābhārata 3, 17309.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upāṃśu (उपांशु).—[adverb] in a low voice, inaudibly; [masculine] an inaudible prayer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upāṃśu (उपांशु):—ind. ([from] √aṃś, ‘to divide’, with upa and affix u, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary] (?) [gana] svar-ādi, [Pāṇini 1-1, 37]), secretly, in secret, [Ṛg-veda x, 83, 7; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

2) in a low voice, in a whisper, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

3) m. a prayer uttered in a low voice (so as not to be overheard), [Manu-smṛti ii, 85; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.

4) a particular Soma oblation = upāṃśu-graha below, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upāṃśu (उपांशु):—(śuḥ) 1. m. Muttering prayers. a. Solitary; secretly.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upamshu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upāṃśu (ಉಪಾಂಶು):—

1) [noun] that which is kept from others' knowledge; a secret.

2) [noun] a prayer uttered in a low voice; muttering of prayers.

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Upāṃsu (ಉಪಾಂಸು):—[noun] something purposely kept from the knowledge of others; a secret.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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