Upajivin, Upajīvin: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Upajivin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Upajīvin (उपजीविन्) refers to “one living on” (i.e., ploughing), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. If the northern horn of the moon should be higher than the other by one-half, the moon appearing like a plough, ploughmen [i.e., upajīvinlāṅgalam iti pīḍā tadupajīvināṃ] will then suffer. They and their prince will be friendly and there will be prosperity in the land. If the southern horn should be higher than the other by one half, the appearance of the moon is also said to be plough like but of evil consequences. The ruler of Southern India will die and his army will engage in war”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upajivin in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upajīvin, (-°) (adj. -n.) (fr. upa + jīv) living on, subsisting by A. II, 135 (phal°); Sn. 217 (para-datt°), J. I, 227 (vohār°); IV, 380; Pug. 51; Miln. 160 (Satth°); VvA. 141 (sipp°). f. upajīvinī in rūp° (itthi) a woman earning her living by her beauty (i.e. a courtesan) Miln. 122; PvA. 46; cp. kiliṭṭha-kamm° gaṇikā PvA. 195. (Page 141)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upajīvin (उपजीविन्).—a.

1) Living upon, subsisting by (instr. or in comp.); जातिमात्रोपजीविनाम् (jātimātropajīvinām) Ms.12.114, 8.2, नानापण्योपजीविनाम् (nānāpaṇyopajīvinām) 9.257; द्यूतोपजीव्यस्मि (dyūtopajīvyasmi) Mk.2.

2) Living under, depending upon, subject to, a dependant, servant (m.); भीमकान्तैर्नृपगुणैः स बभूवोपजीविनाम् (bhīmakāntairnṛpaguṇaiḥ sa babhūvopajīvinām) R.1.16; अस्मद्° (asmad°) K.61.

-kam Means of subsistence, profession.

See also (synonyms): upajīvaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upajīvin (उपजीविन्).—mfn. (-vī-vinī-vi) Dependent, living by or on. E. upa and jīvin who lives.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upajīvin (उपजीविन्).—[upa-jīv + in], adj., f. , 1. Maintaining one’s self by, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 257. 2. Practising, Mahābhārata 3, 12851. 3. Dependent, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 5, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upajīvin (उपजीविन्).—[adjective] = upajīvaka ([absolutely] or [with] [accusative], [genetive], —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upajīvin (उपजीविन्):—[=upa-jīvin] [from upa-jīv] mfn. living on, subsisting by (with [accusative] or [genitive case] or ifc.), [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] living in dependence, dependent, subject, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Rājataraṅgiṇī etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] submissive, humble, [Ratnāvalī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upajīvin (उपजीविन्):—[upa-jīvin] (vī-vinī-vi) a. Dependent, living on or by.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upajīvin (उपजीविन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uajīvi, Uvajīvi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upajivin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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