Upajiv, Upajīv: 3 definitions



Upajiv means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upajīv (उपजीव्).—1 P.

1) To live upon, subsist by, derive livelihood from, be supported by; उपजीव्यमानपादच्छायः (upajīvyamānapādacchāyaḥ) K.5; कां वृत्तिमार्य उपजीवति (kāṃ vṛttimārya upajīvati) Mk.2; संवाहकस्य वृत्तिम् (saṃvāhakasya vṛttim) ibid.; शेषास्तमुपजीवेयुर्यथैव पितरं तथा (śeṣāstamupajīveyuryathaiva pitaraṃ tathā) Ms.9.15; Y.2.31.

2) To live under, be dependent on, serve; अम्भसामुपचयाय उपजीवति स्म (ambhasāmupacayāya upajīvati sma) Śi.9.32.

3) To make use of, derive materials (for writing from); तदेतद्भारतं नाम कविभिस्तूप- जीव्यते (tadetadbhārataṃ nāma kavibhistūpa- jīvyate) Mb.

4) To practise; ते (te) (brāhmaṇāḥ) सम्यगुपजीवेयुः षट्- कर्माणि यथाक्रमम् (samyagupajīveyuḥ ṣaṭ- karmāṇi yathākramam) Ms.1.74. -Caus. To use, to make the most of; Ks.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upajīv (उपजीव्).—subsist (±vṛttim); live on, make use of, practise ([accusative], [genetive], or [instrumental]); live under, depend on, serve ([accusative]).

Upajīv is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms upa and jīv (जीव्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upajīv (उपजीव्):—[=upa-√jīv] [Parasmaipada] -jīvati (3. [plural] -jīvanti) to live or exist upon (food), subsist, support one’s self on, be supported by, [Ṛg-veda i, 190, 5; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra] etc. ;

—to derive profit from, make use of (with [accusative]), [Yājñavalkya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.;

—to live under, be dependent on, serve, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Śiśupāla-vadha] etc.;

—to live for a profession, practice, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.:

—[Causal] -jīvayati, to use, make the most of [Kathāsaritsāgara lxi, 268.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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