Upaguhana, Upagūhana: 11 definitions
Upaguhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Upagūhana (उपगूहन, “surprise”) refers to ‘expressions of wonderment’ and represents one of the fourteen nirvahaṇasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. (Description:) Appearence of something wonderful is called ‘surprise’ (upagūhana). Nirvahaṇasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the concluding part (nirvahaṇa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Upagūhana (उपगूहन, “edification”) or Upabṛmhana refers to “unswerving orthodoxy” and represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the aṅga heading, according to various Jain authors (e.g., Pūjyapāda, Samantabhadra, Cāmuṇḍarāya, Somadeva and Amṛtacandra). Samantabhadra, in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra (v1.15) defines upagūhana as the removal of any reproach levelled at the Jaina by ignorant people unable to follow the vows. Cāmuṇḍarāya and Amṛtacandra, in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya understand by upagūhana the development of one’s religious faith by cultivating forbearance (kṣamā) and the other nine elements of dharma. At the same time faults committed by co-religionists should, as far as lies within one’s power, be concealed, “as a mother conceals the failings of her children” (see Yaśastilaka by Somadeva). But the Jaina religion will not be sullied by one unworthy adherent any more than a pool of water will be fouled by one dead frog.Source: HereNow4U: Social Implication of Enlightened World View
Upagūhaṇa (उपगूहण) refers to “redeeming the defects of ineffective beliefs” and represents one of the eight aṅgas (requirements), needed for attaining the right faith. Firm belief in ones goal is the basic milestone for attaining that goal. Unwavering faith only can work like a miracle because firm faith leads to personal commitment for achieving that goal and gives us boldness to face the challenges incoming while proceeding towards the aimed goal.
The fifth limb (aṅga) is called upagūhaṇa, successive or gradual development of ones virtues. Mahāvīra preached that an individual should develop virtuous dispositions of honesty, gratitude, straight forwardness, tolerance Ahiṃsā, forgiveness, benevolence, self-restrain etc. These individual characteristics are not only hall-marks of effective and integrated personality but proves to be an asset for the organization. Upagūhaṇa is a process of developing ones virtues and trying to pinpoint ones vices from positive approach. If this healthy technique is undertaken in any religious, political, social or business organization, the rapport and turnover of that organization can reach its highest peak.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
Upagūhana (उपगूहन) refers to “confirmation of faith” and represents one of the eight limbs of samyagdṛṣṭi (“right faith”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
upagūhana : (nt.) embracing.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Hiding, concealing.
2) An embrace.
3) Astonishment, surprise; (in drama) an occurance of any wonderful event.
Derivable forms: upagūhanam (उपगूहनम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. An embrace, embracing. 2. Astonishment, surprise. E. upa near, guh to hide, affix lyuṭ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Upagūhana (उपगूहन):—[=upa-gūhana] [from upa-guh] n. the act of hiding, concealing, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
2) [v.s. ...] pressing to the bosom, embrace, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
3) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) the occurrence of any wonderful event, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Daśarūpa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upagūhana (उपगूहन):—[upa-gūhana] (naṃ) 1. n. An embrace; surprise, astonishment.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Upagūhana (उपगूहन):—(wie eben) n.
1) das Verstecken [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 6, 10, 6.] —
2) das Umarmen [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 30.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1507.]
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2) genauer das an-den Busen-Drücken. [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 78, 6.] —
3) in der Dramatik Eintritt eines wunderbaren Ereignisses [DAŚAR. 1, 48.] [Sāhityadarpana 401.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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