Unmada, aka: Unmāda; 5 Definition(s)


Unmada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Unmāda (उन्माद, “insanity”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Unmāda (उन्माद, “insanity”) refers to the seventh of the ten stages of love (kāma) arising in a woman (strī) and men (puṃs) alike, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Unmāda (उन्माद, “insanity”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as death of beloved persons, loss of wealth, stroke of adversity, derangement of [the three humours]: wind (vāta), biles (pitta), phelgm (śleṣmā), and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by laughing, weeping, crying, talking, lying down, sitting, running, dancing, singing and reciting [something] without any reason, smearing [the body] with ashes and dust, taking grass, Nirmālya. soiled cloth, tags, potsherd and earthen tray as decoration [of the body], many other senseless acts, and imitation of others.

2) Unmāda (उन्माद).—One of the ten stages of love (kāma);—When a woman introduces topic about him (i.e. the beloved) on all occasions and hates all other males, it is a case of Insanity (unmāda). To represent Insanity one should sometime look with a steadfast gaze, sometimes heave a deep sigh, sometimes be absorbed within oneself and sometimes weep at the usual time for recreation.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


1a) Unmāda (उन्माद).—A son of Nārāyaṇa and Śrī. Father of Saṃśaya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 3.

1b) A group of evil spirits;1 a class of daityas.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 6. 28.
  • 2) Ib. II. 10. 39.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

unmāda (उन्माद).—m (S) Arrogance, haughtiness, extravagant conceit. 2 Intoxicating influence or power (of spirits, drugs, riches, honors).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

unmāda (उन्माद).—m Arrogance, haughtiness, ex- travagant conceit. Intoxicating in- fluence.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 6 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

kama (कम).—a Less, wanting, short of.--- OR --- kāma (काम).—n An action. A work. Use. Need of. ...
Śrī (श्री) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-...
saṃśaya (संशय).—m Doubt; surmise, suspicion.
vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव).—m S An order of properties into which are classed the consequen...
mauktika (मौक्तिक).—n A pearl.
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्) or Vyabhicārī or Sañcārī refers to one of the four ingredients o...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.