Umkara, Uṅkāra, Uṃkāra, Unkara: 2 definitions
Umkara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Uṃkāra (उंकार) is another name for Oṃkāra, which refers to the sacred seat of Oḍḍiyāna, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The sacred seat) Oṃkāra [i.e., uṃkāra] is in the centre. It is white and is the supreme energy. Oḍikā, (the goddess who resides here) is the mother Carcikā (of this seat). The god is called (Navātman) Bhairava and (his) body is formed with nine (letters). (This is) the sacred seat, the great current of the Command. (The goddess here is) Raktāvvā. The division is that which begins with KĀ. The House is the House Apara and the tree is the Kadambaka. The cave is called Śṛṅgāṭa (Water-chestnut) and the cremation ground is Kāravīra, the monastery is the Mathanakula (Kula of Churning) [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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