Umasvami, Umāsvami, Umāsvāmi: 2 definitions


Umasvami means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Umasvami in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Umāsvāmī (उमास्वामी) or Umāsvāmin refers to the “Lord of Umā” and is an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] getting up in the Brāhma-muhūrta within an hour before dawn one shall remember Śiva accompanied by his consort. With palms joined in great devotion and head bent down he shall offer prayers. O lord of Devas, get up, get up. O lord stationed in the heart, get up. O lord of Umā (Umāsvāmī), get up. Confer your auspicious blessings on the entire universe. I know what is virtuous, but I am not inclined to work it up. I know what is unrighteous but I am unable to desist from it. O Mahādeva, I do everything as prompted by you, stationed in my heart. After repeating these words of prayer and remembering the sandals of the preceptor he shall go out to the southern direction for answering the calls of nature”.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana

Umasvami (482-442 BCE or Saka 101-141) was the famaous disciple of Acharya Kundakunda. He was also known as Griddhrapichcha. He authored “Tattvarthadhigama Sutra”. Some historians speculated that Umasvami and Umasvati were the same person but they were different. Umasvami became the pontiff after the death of Acharya Kundakunda. It appears that Umasvami founded Kashtha Sangha which was the oldest sangha of North India.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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