Ulkamukha, Ulkāmukha, Ulka-mukha: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Ulkamukha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ulkamukha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख).—A Rākṣasa having his city in the third talam. (Vitalam, Vāyu-purāṇa)*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 28.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ulkamukha in Shaivism glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Mahābalā they preside over Kuhudī: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the mudrā and lakuṭa. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ulkamukha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख) refers to “one who emits fire from their mouth”, according Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XLVI).—There are also Pretas who emit fire from their mouth (ulkāmukha): flying butterflies throw themselves into this fire, and the Pretas eat them. There are also Pretas who eat excrement (gūtha), spit (śleṣman), pus and blood (pūyaśoṇita), the water from laundry, who feed on oblations (śraddhabhoktṛ) or who devour the afterbirth (garbhamalāhāra). There are all kinds of starving Pretas of this kind.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ulkamukha in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख) refers to one of the five sons of Ikṣvāku Sujāta: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāvastu chapter II.32 of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda­ school). Ulkāmukha is also mentioned in the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins). Ulkāmukha is known as Okkāmukha according to the Dīpavaṃśa and the Mahāvaṃśa. Ulkāmukha is known as Ukkāmukha in the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw.

Accordingly, as a Buddhist nun said to Sujāta’s concubine Jentī thus: “[...] your son [viz., Jenta] has no right to his father’s estate, not to speak of that of a king’s. It is those five boys [viz., Opura], the sons of a noble woman, who have the right to their father’s kingdom and estate”.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ulkamukha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख).—a demon or goblin (having a mouth of fire); वान्ताश्युल्कामुखः प्रेतो विप्रो धर्मात्स्वकाच्च्युतात् (vāntāśyulkāmukhaḥ preto vipro dharmātsvakāccyutāt) Ms.12.71; Māl.5.13.

Derivable forms: ulkāmukhaḥ (उल्कामुखः).

Ulkāmukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ulkā and mukha (मुख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख).—(1) (nt., = Pali ukkāmukha) a (gold-smith's) smelting-pot or furnace: Lalitavistara 405.14 -niṣka ulkāmu- khaprakṛṣṭo; Sukhāvatīvyūha 3.5 (-niṣko…) ulkāmukhe (so v.l., better than °khena text) saṃpraveśya supariṇiṣṭhitaḥ; Śikṣāsamuccaya 182.3 °khaṃ vā hriyamāṇasya (as a form of torture); (2) nt., in Mahāvyutpatti 6900, following dīpaḥ, ulkā, followed by pradīpaḥ, = Tibetan skar mda-ḥi gdoṅ ṅam snaṅ (read probably sna with [Tibetan-English Dictionary]), which according to [Tibetan-English Dictionary] = one having either his face or his nose (sna; snaṅ = light) glowing as a meteor; a demon (so Sanskrit); a meteor-mouthed arrow; a kind of fire- arm; (3) m. (= Pali Okkāmukha), name of a son of King Sujāta Ikṣvāku: Mahāvastu i.348.12; 352.9; and of a later descen- dant, 352.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख).—m.

(-khaḥ) A ghost or goblin, with a face of fire, who eats what is vomited, and who was a negligent Brahman in his life-time. f. (-khī) A fox. E. ulkā a flame, mukha a mouth, ṅīṣ affix; the latter from the redness of his mouth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūlkāmukha (ऊल्कामुख).—m. 1. the name of a goblin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 71. 2. a proper name, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 3, 48.

Ūlkāmukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ūlkā and mukha (मुख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख).—[masculine] a kind of demon or goblin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख):—[=ulkā-mukha] [from ulkā] m. ‘fire-mouthed’, a particular form of demon (assumed by the departed spirit of a Brāhman who eats ejected food), [Manu-smṛti xii, 71; Kathāsaritsāgara; Mālatīmādhava]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a descendant of Ikṣvāku

3) [v.s. ...] of an ape, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 87, 12]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ulkāmukha (उल्कामुख):—[ulkā-mukha] (khaḥ) 1. m. Goblin, f. A fox.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ulkamukha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ulkamukha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ulkāmukha (ಉಲ್ಕಾಮುಖ):—[noun] a fiery weapon (prob. falling from above ?).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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