Ulbana, Ulbaṇa, Ulbaṇā: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Ulbana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘dance hands’ (nṛttahasta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Ulbaṇa (abundance): the same hands held close to the eyes. Patron deity Vijñeśa. Usage: large clusters of flowers, eyes.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);—(Instructions): The two hands to be stretched up and waved. The Dance-hands are to be used in forming Karaṇas.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण).—One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 41.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण) refers to “extremely (poisonous)” (snakes), as taught in the Nāgajanman (“birth of the Snakes”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—Those snakes born in the months of Kārtikā, Mṛgaśīrṣa and Pauṣa are respectively idle, powerful and longest and extremely poisonous (viṣa-ulbaṇa) [pauṣe dīrgho viṣolbaṇaḥ].

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण):—Chronic / serious /

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण) means “superfluous” (i.e., ‘make a show of one’s power’), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The disciple) should not leave the teacher’s family (kula) when the bliss of the Command arises (within himself) to (acquire) the power (sāmarthya) (of being a teacher in his own right) until he has generated (all his yogic and spiritual) qualities. During the day he should be intent on (carrying out the teacher’s) orders (preṣaṇa) and at night he should take up (the pursuit of) knowledge (jñānaparigraha). In this way he achieves all the power (sāmarthya) (he needs in his) teacher's family. He should not go anywhere unless he is sent there, nor should he do anything superfluous (ulbaṇa) or the like”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण) refers to an “increase”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If the eclipsed disc should appear white, there will be prosperity and plenty in the land, but the Brāhmins will suffer; persons who live by fire will be afflicted with miseries. If the disc should appear yellow, there will be increase of disease [i.e., ulbaṇa—roga ulbaṇatā] in the land and crops will suffer. If the disc should appear of gold color, swift footed animals and the Mlecchas will suffer and there will be famine in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण) refers to “excessive (heat)”, according to the Haṭhapradīpikā 3.96-98.—Accordingly, “Having discarded the first flow of water because of its excessive (ulbaṇa) heat and the last flow because it is worthless, [the Yogin] should use the middle flow [which is] cool. In the Khaṇḍakāpālika sect, this is [called] Amarolī. If he regularly drinks the [middle flow called] Amarī; snorts [it] everyday and correctly practices Vajrolī Mudrā [in order to draw it up his urethra], it is called Amarolī. He should mix the lunar fluid which is emitted because of [this] practice, with ashes and [then,] put it on the upper body (i.e., the head, eyes, shoulders, throat, chest, arms and so on). [As a result], divine sight arises”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ulbaṇa (उल्बण).—n (S) Excess and vitiation of any of the three humors of the body, and disorder in consequence. 2 fig. pop. ulbāṇa n Any general and desolating calamity; e. g. the harrowing of invaders, the ravages of a pestilence, a drought, inundation, tempest &c. 3 Applied also to a common trouble or embarrassment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण).—a.

1) Thick, clotted, copious, abundant (blood &c.); स्यन्नस्वेदकणोल्बणः (syannasvedakaṇolbaṇaḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 5.83. °रुधिरम् (rudhiram) Mv. 6.33.

2) Much, excessive, intense; प्रववर्ष च तत्रैव सहसा तोयमुल्बणम् (pravavarṣa ca tatraiva sahasā toyamulbaṇam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.9.18. केनचिन्मधुरमुल्बणरागम् (kenacinmadhuramulbaṇarāgam) Śiśupālavadha 1.54, 68,12.37; Kumārasambhava 7.84.

3) Strong, powerful, great; आम्लादिभिरुल्बणैः (āmlādibhirulbaṇaiḥ) Bhāgavata 3.31.7. रिपुरुल्बणभीमभोगभाजां भुजगानां जननीं जजाप विद्याम् (ripurulbaṇabhīmabhogabhājāṃ bhujagānāṃ jananīṃ jajāpa vidyām) Śiśupālavadha 2.41; °रसः (rasaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.26 the heroic sentiment; Daśakumāracarita 23,25; K.299,32. तेनैवा- त्युल्बणं तेषां कटकं घटिकात्रयम् (tenaivā- tyulbaṇaṃ teṣāṃ kaṭakaṃ ghaṭikātrayam) (vihitam) Parṇāl.5.71.

4) Manifest, clear; तस्यासीदुल्बणो मार्गः पादपैरिव दन्तिनः (tasyāsīdulbaṇo mārgaḥ pādapairiva dantinaḥ) R.4.33. विनिशश्वसुरुल्बणं शयाना विकृताक्षिप्तभुजा जजृम्भिरे च (viniśaśvasurulbaṇaṃ śayānā vikṛtākṣiptabhujā jajṛmbhire ca) Bu. Ch.5.59.

5) Gaudy, showy; मृगैर्मयूरैश्च समाकुलो- ल्बणम् (mṛgairmayūraiśca samākulo- lbaṇam) Rām.2.15.41; अनुल्बणवेषेण (anulbaṇaveṣeṇa) K.66.

6) Dreadful; मया सह दहन्तीभिर्दिशश्चक्षुर्भिरुल्बणैः (mayā saha dahantībhirdiśaścakṣurbhirulbaṇaiḥ) Bhāgavata 3.12.17.

7) Sinful; भवत्यल्पफलं कर्म सेवितं नित्यमुल्बणम् । अबुद्धिपूर्वं धर्मज्ञ कृतमु- ग्रेण कर्मणा (bhavatyalpaphalaṃ karma sevitaṃ nityamulbaṇam | abuddhipūrvaṃ dharmajña kṛtamu- greṇa karmaṇā) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.291.16.

-ṇaḥ A particular position of hands in dancing.

-ṇam ind. Much, heavily (as sighing).

See also (synonyms): ulvaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण).—[adjective] massy, thick, big, huge, extraordinary; rich in, full of (—°). [neuter] ulbaṇa = ulba.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ulbaṇa (उल्बण):—[from ulva] n. the membrane enveloping the embryo, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka i, 10, 7]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. anything laid over in addition, superfluous, abundant, excessive, much, immense, strong, powerful, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā iii; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Suśruta] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] singular, strange, [Aitareya-āraṇyaka]

4) [v.s. ...] manifest, evident, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) abundantly furnished with, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] m. a particular position of the hands in dancing

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Vasiṣṭha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) Ulbaṇā (उल्बणा):—[from ulbaṇa > ulva] f. a particular dish (consisting of milk mixed with the juice of melons, bananas etc.), [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ulbaṇa (उल्बण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ubbaṇa, Ullaṇa, Uvvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ulbana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ulbaṇa (ಉಲ್ಬಣ):—[adjective] giving cause for concern; in or approaching a dangerous state; not trifling in nature or in consequence; seriously threatening health, well-being or life; critical; grievous; grave; serious.

--- OR ---

Ulbaṇa (ಉಲ್ಬಣ):—

1) [noun] the state or quality of being dangerous, risky, causing anxiety; critical, risky condition.

2) [noun] excessiveness; abundance.

3) [noun] a pile, mass or mound of things jumbled together; a heap.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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