Uktha, Ukthā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Uktha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Uktha (उक्थ).—Agni, the father of Parāvāṇī. This agni is saluted with three kinds of Uktha hymns. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 25).

2) Uktha (उक्थ).—A particular portion of Sāmaveda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Uktha (उक्थ).—Born from the eastern face of Brahmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 40.

1b) An yajña from the south face of Brahmā. (uktam-br. p.).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 51; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 54.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Ukthā (उक्था) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uktha (उक्थ).—[vac-thak]

1) A saying, sentence, verse, hymn (stotram); यं बृहन्तं बृहत्युक्थे (yaṃ bṛhantaṃ bṛhatyukthe) Mb.12.47.41.

2) Eulogy, praise.

3) Name of the Sāmaveda (Trik.); a variety of Sāma; (sāmabhedaḥ sāmaviśeṣaḥ).

4) (In ritual) A kind of recitation or certain recited verses (opp. sāman chanted, and yajus muttered verses).

5) The उक्थ (uktha) sacrifice; Bhāg.3.12.4.

6) Life; उक्थेन रहितो ह्येष मृतकः प्रोच्यते यथा (ukthena rahito hyeṣa mṛtakaḥ procyate yathā) Bhāg.1.15.6.

7) A proximate cause (upādānakāraṇa); एतदेषामुक्थमथो हि सर्वाणि नामान्युत्तिष्ठन्ति (etadeṣāmukthamatho hi sarvāṇi nāmānyuttiṣṭhanti) Bṛ. Up.1.6.1.

-kthaḥ Name of Agni; उक्थो नाम महाभाग त्रिभिरुक्थैरभिष्टुतः (uktho nāma mahābhāga tribhirukthairabhiṣṭutaḥ) Mb.3. of the drama consisting of four acts; for definition &c. see S. D.518 = वृकः (vṛkaḥ) a wolf.

-kthā Name of a metre, see Appendix.

Derivable forms: uktham (उक्थम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uktha (उक्थ).—n.

(-kthaṃ) The second or Sama Veda. f.

(-kthā) A kind of metre, a stanza of four lines of one syllable each, the syllable may be one long or two short in quantity. E. vac to speak, and thak Unadi affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uktha (उक्थ).—i. e. vac + tha, n. Praise, Chr. 292, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 86, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uktha (उक्थ).—[neuter] saying, praise, verse; [adjective] cert. recitation ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uktha (उक्थ):—[from ukta] n. a saying, sentence, verse, eulogy, praise, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] (in the ritual) a kind of recitation or certain recited verses forming a subdivision of the Śastras (they generally form a series, and are recited in contradistinction to the Sāman verses which are sung and to the Yajus or muttered sacrificial formulas), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (the mahad-uktham or bṛhad-uktham, ‘great Uktha’, forms a series of verses, in three sections, each containing eighty Tṛcas or triple verses, recited at the end of the Agnicayana)

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the Sāma-veda, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) Ukthā (उक्था):—[from uktha > ukta] f. a kind of metre (four times one long or two short syllables)

6) Uktha (उक्थ):—[from ukta] m. a form of Agni, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a divine being belonging to the Viśve Devās, [Harivaṃśa 11542.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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