Ugrasena, aka: Ugrasenā, Ugra-sena; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ugrasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Ugrasenā (उग्रसेना) or Ugrasenatithi is the name of the ninth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Ugrasenā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Bhujaga. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(27) The ninth tithi is Ugrasenā. It is good for creating obstacles, killing and capturing, as well as for the subjugation of enemies and for the slaying of enemies. (28) One should not go on the road, to the foreign land or enter a house with corrosive poisons and so on. Rudrāṇī is the deity on this tithi”.

(Source): academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Purana

1) Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—King Ugrasena, father of Kaṃsa. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Yadu-Sahasrajit-Śatajit-Hehaya-Dharma-Kunti-(Kuṇi)Bhadrasena-Dhanaka-Kṛtavīrya-Kārttavīryārjuna-Madhu-Vṛṣṇi-Yudhājit-Śini-Satyaka-Sātyaki (Yuyudhāna)-Yaya-Kuṇi-Anamitra-Pṛśni-Citraratha-Kukūra Vahni-Vilomā-Kapotalomā-Tumburu-Dundubhi-Daridra-Vasu-Nāhuka-Āhuka-Ugrasena-Kaṃsa. (See full article at Story of Ugrasena from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—A brother of King Janamejaya. He, along with his two brothers thrashed the son of Saramā. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 3, Verses 1 and 2).

3) Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—Son of Kaśyapa by his wife Muni. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 42). He was present at the birthday celebrations of Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 52). He was also present to witness the fight between Arjuna and Kṛpācārya at the Virāṭa city. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 56, Verses 11 and 12).

4) Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—A king who was Svarbhānu, the asura, reborn. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verses 12 and 13).

5) Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He is also called Citrasena. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 100). This Ugrasena was killed by Bhīma. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 137).

6) Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—Son of Parīkṣit, king of the Lunar dynasty. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verses 52-54).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—A son of Āhuka of the Kukura family, father of Kaṃsa and other eight sons. Father of five daughters who were all married to the younger brothers of Vasudeva.1 King of Sātvatas, Vṛṣṇis, Bhojas, and Dāśārhas.2 Hated by his son Kaṃsa who desired even to kill him and who eventually threw him into prison.3 Enthroned by Kṛṣṇa, after performing Kaṃsa's funeral rites;4 got helpful service from Kṛṣṇa and welcomed him to Dvārakā.5 In Kṛṣṇa's opinion Ugrasena was the proper person to wear the jewel Syamantaka; did not press it lest there should be a family feud.6 When Jarāsandha beseiged Mathurā, Kṛṣṇa stationed Ugrasena to defend the northern gate; was presented with spoils of war including jewels and ornaments. His part in defence against Jarāsandha's third attack on Mathurā. A member of the Yādava sabhā; was consulted by Kṛṣṇa as to failure of rains in Dvārakā.7 Vāyu fetched from Indra the hall Sudharmā for Ugrasena's use;8 attacked Pauṇḍraka and laughed at his message. Heard of Sāmba's imprisonment and urged war on the Kurus, order being communicated through Balarāma. According to the Kurus, a king only by sufferance.9 Ordered the musala born to Sāmba to be powdered and thrown into the sea.10 Sent to Dvārakā for defence after the rājasūya.11 Welcomed Balarāma on his return after a pilgrimage tour.12 Went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.13 Honoured Nanda.14 Heard of Vṛṣṇis killing one another and of the decease of Rāma and Kṛṣṇa and bemoaned their loss.15 Entered fire.16

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 21, 24-5; X. 1. 30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 129-134, 212-3, 230; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 71-74; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 206; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 16-21.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 29.
  • 3) Ib. X. 44. 33; 1. 69; 36. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15. 18; 18. 6.
  • 4) Ib. X. 45. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 21. 9-12.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 2. 22; I. 11. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 24. 7.
  • 6) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 27-28, 107.
  • 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 20[3] and 41; [50 (V) 32-33]; [51 (V) 25]; [52 (V) 15]; 57. 30[1].
  • 8) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 21. 13-17, 32.
  • 9) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 66 [3]; 68. 13, 21 and 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 10. 14, 23.
  • 10) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 11-12.
  • 11) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 76. 7[5].
  • 12) Ib. X. 79. 29.
  • 13) Ib. X. 82. 23.
  • 14) Ib. X. 84. 59 and 68.
  • 15) Ib. XI. 31. 15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 57.
  • 16) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 4.

1b) A son of Parīkṣit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 35.

1c) A Gandharva, presiding over the month of nabhasya; āvaṇi and puraṭṭāśi (vā. p.)1 A Mauneya Gandharva;2 in the sun's chariot in the bhādrapada month.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 38; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 10.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 1.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 10.

2) Ugrasenā (उग्रसेना).—A wife of Akrūra, and mother of Devavān and Upadeva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 31.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Itihasa (narrative history)

Ugrasena (उग्रसेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.41, I.65, I.61.13) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ugrasena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ugrasena (उग्रसेन): one-time King of Yadavas; deposed by his son Kams. His wife was Pavanrekha. Krishna killed Kams and established Ugrasena on throne.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—The King of the Yadus, and the father of Kaṃsa.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

India history and geogprahy

Ugrasena (उग्रसेन) is an example of a Śaivite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Śaivism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Ugrasena) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ugrasena (उग्रसेन).—

1) Name of a son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra.

2) Name of a king of Mathurā and father of Kaṁsa. He was deposed by his son; but Kṛṣṇa after having slain Kaṁsa restored him to the throne.

- Name of the wife of Akrūra; °जः (jaḥ) Name of Kaṁsa, the uncle and enemy of Krisna.

Derivable forms: ugrasenaḥ (उग्रसेनः).

Ugrasena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ugra and sena (सेन).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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