Udvigna: 13 definitions


Udvigna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Udvigna (उद्विग्न) refers to “one who is agitated”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be very dark, without compassion, a sinner, nor emaciated, short or lazy, he should not be injured, uncultured, agitated (udvigna) and not depressed. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., udvigna), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., udvigna) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Udvigna (उद्विग्न) refers to “being afraid” (as opposed to Anudvigna—‘without being afraid’), as quoted by Hṛdayaśiva in his Prāyaścittasamuccaya (verse 10.27-35).—Accordingly, “Having recited [a particular mantra] along with [the practice of one of the] observances in accordance with the rules, and having bathed [at the end of the observance], one may recite that mantra for attaining supernatural powers. [...] Being thus bathed after the observance [in propitiation] of [his] mantra, invested in the right to [pursue] all [manner of special powers], faultless, he should then recite [his chosen] mantra according to the rules of his hand-book, without being afraid (anudvigna)”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Udvigna (उद्विग्न, “terror”) refers to one of the worldly ailments, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra’s Second Chapter begins with the goddess Pārvatī’s request that Śiva reveal to her the remedy for the ailments that afflict divine and worldly beings. Among these maladies she lists [e.g, terror (udvigna)], [...]. Śiva responds that no one has ever before asked such a question and therefore he has never before revealed the answer. He emphasizes the importance of the mṛtyuñjaya-mantra and the Netra-tantra’s tripartite approaches of mantra, yoga, and jñāna (knowledge).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udvigna (उद्विग्न).—a Disturbed, discomposed, dis- quieted. Affected with sorrow, &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udvigna (उद्विग्न).—p. p.

1) Grieved, afflicted, sorrowful, anxious (as for any absent lover); °citta, -cetas -manas-hṛdaya depressed in mind, sorry, anxious.

2) Alarmed, frightened; Uttararāmacarita 4.

-dṛś f.

-locanam A frightened glance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udvigna (उद्विग्न).—mfn.

(-gnaḥ-gnā-gnaṃ) Sorrowful, anxious, grieving for an absent lover, &c. E. ut, vij to shake, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udvigna (उद्विग्न).—[adjective] astounded, terrified, afraid of (abl, [genetive], [instrumental], or —°); dejected, depressed, wearied of ([instrumental]); sorrowful, tired of life.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udvigna (उद्विग्न):—[=ud-vigna] [from ud-vij] mfn. shuddering, starting, frightened, terrified, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] sorrowful, anxious, grieving for (an absent lover), [Mahābhārata; Daśakumāra-carita; Bhagavad-gītā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udvigna (उद्विग्न):—[udvi+gna] (gnaḥ-gnā-gnaṃ) p. Distressed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udvigna (उद्विग्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uviyagga, Uvvigga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udvigna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Udvigna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udvigna (उद्विग्न) [Also spelled udvigra]:—(a) restless, troubled, unquiet; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udvigna (ಉದ್ವಿಗ್ನ):—

1) [adjective] afflicted with deep, acute sorrow or distress.

2) [adjective] feeling, showing mental strain; anxious; worried.

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Udvigna (ಉದ್ವಿಗ್ನ):—

1) [noun] he who is afflicted with acute sorrow or distress; a distressed man.

2) [noun] a worried, anxious man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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