Udraka: 6 definitions
Udraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Udraka (उद्रक) is the name of a Ṛṣi according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “Thus, the Ṛṣi Yu t’o lo k’ie (Udraka) who possessed the five superknowledges (abhijñā), each day flew to the palace of the king where he took his meal. The king and queen, according to the custom of the land, greeted him by placing their head at his feet. The queen having touched him with her hand, the Ṛṣi Udraka lost his abhijñās. Unable to fly, he asked the king for a chariot and drove away. Returning home, he went into a forest and tried to retrieve his five abhijñās”.
Note: This Udraka is certainly the Udraka Rāmaputra who taught Gautama the path of naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatana; finding this teaching inadequate, the future Buddha abandoned it. The story that the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra devotes to Udraka tells us that this ascetic took rebirth in the sphere of neither discrimination nor non-discrimination before falling into hell. The text of the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra is reproduced without any changes in the King liu yi sinag. A more detailed version of the same story occurs in the Vibhāṣā in 60 scrolls.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: 84000: Samādhirājasūtra (The King of Samādhis Sūtra)
Udraka (उद्रक) (also known as Rudraka) represents one of the first teachers of the Buddha, as mentioned in the Samādhirāja-sūtra verse 9.43.—Accordingly, “If you meditate on a worldly samādhi, And do not eliminate the conception of a self, Then the kleśas will arise once more, As happened in the samādhi practice of Udraka”.
Note: The commentary states that Udraka was also known as Digambhara [Digambara], which is also the name of a Jain school. However, the name Udraka (Rudraka in some texts) is best known in Buddhism as one of the first teachers of the Buddha. The Buddha stated that after death he was born in the formless realm but would eventually be reborn as an animal. The story for Udraka given in the commentary is that his motivation to meditate was to attain miraculous powers. He succeeded and was famous for being able to fly. But when he was told that his path was not genuine, he fell from the sky and went to the hells.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Udraka in India is the name of a plant defined with Elaeocarpus sphaericus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ganitrus sphaerica Gaertn. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Adansonia (1980)
· FBI (1874)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1791)
· Hortus Bengal. (1814)
· Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ (1832)
· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1831)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Udraka, for example chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Udraka (उद्रक):—[from udra] m. Name of a Ṛṣi.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Udrakaramaputra.
Ends with: Aranyamudraka, Bhudraka, Dhvanimudraka, Duramudraka, Khudraka, Kshaudraka, Kshudraka, Kshudrakanukshudraka, Mudraka, Nilarudraka, Parasamudraka, Raudraka, Rudraka, Samudraka, Sarpamudraka, Shudraka, Vikrantashudraka, Vikudraka, Vinayakshudraka.
Full-text: Rudraka, Ramaputra, Uddaka Ramaputta, Uddaka, Rudrakaramaputra, UdrakaRamaputra, Rama, Naivasamjnanasamjnayatana, Aparoksha, Jinashravaka, Arada, Shilacarya, Shilacaryamarga, Caryamarga, Prasenajit, Tathadarshana.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Udraka; (plurals include: Udrakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Story of Udraka, or immoderate attachment to concentration < [Part 5 - The virtue of meditation]
Part 1 - Generosity of the Dharma < [Chapter XX - The Virtue of Generosity and Generosity of the Dharma]
Appendix 2 - The story of Hastaka Śākyaputra < [Chapter LII - Elimination of the Triple Poison]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XIV - The great renunciation < [Volume II]
Chapter XXIX - From Uruvilvā to Benares < [Volume III]
Chapter XIX - Gotama’s early wanderings < [Volume II]
Buddhacarita (by Charles Willemen)
Chapter XII - Visits to Ārāḍa and Udraka < [Fascicle Three]
Chapter XIV - Abhisaṃbodhi < [Fascicle Three]
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)
The Fo-Sho-Hing-Tsan-King (A Life of Buddha) (by Samuel Beal)