Udgatri, Udgatar, Udgātṛ, Udgātrī: 12 definitions



Udgatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Udgātṛ can be transliterated into English as Udgatr or Udgatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ) refers to the priest associated with the Sāmaveda, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“The Hotṛ-priest performs with the Ṛg-veda. The Udgātṛ-priest with the Sāma-veda. The Adhvaryu-priest with the Yajur-veda. The Brahma-priest with all”. Commentary: “With all” means with the three Vedas, because the Brahma-priest, or superintendent of the whole sacrifice, must be acquainted with the three Vedas. Others would include the Atharva-veda”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ) refers to one of the four classes of Ṛtvijas (Ṛtvik), or “priests participating in the Vedic sacrifices”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, [...] In that sacrifice that was being performed in that holy place of Kanakhala, Bhṛgu and other sages were made Ṛtviks by him (Dakṣa). [...] There were eighty-six thousand Ṛtviks in the performance of the sacrifice and sixty-four thousand Udgātṛs. The celestial sages Nārada and others acted as Adhvaryus and Hotṛs. They too were as many. The seven sages (jointly and) severally repeated the Sāman hymns”.

Note: The priests (Ṛtvijas) participating in the Vedic sacrifices are usually four in number. They are Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Udgātṛ and Brahman corresponding to the four Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan respectively.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Udgātrī (उद्गात्री).—A sacrificial priest; created by Viṣṇu,1 issued from the mouth of Haṃsa Nārāyaṇa; a Sāmaga.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 21; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 29.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 167. 7; 246. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 60. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) The udgatar is the chanter of hymns set to melodies (sāman) drawn from the Samaveda. The udgatar, like the Hotar, chants the introductory, yajna and eulogistic verses. These three types of hymns are identified with the three kinds of vital breath Prana, Apana and Vyana in the body and the udgatar himself contemplates on the vital breath.

2) The udgātṛ was a chanter of hymns set to melodies (sāman) drawn from the sāmaveda. This was a specialized role in the major soma sacrifices: a characteristic function of the udgātṛ was to sing hymns in praise of the invigorating properties of soma pavamāna, the freshly pressed juice of the soma plant.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—&c. See under उद्गै, उद्गॄ (udgai, udgṝ).

See also (synonyms): udgāra.

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Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—m. One of the four principal priests at a sacrifice, one who chants the hymns of the Sāmaveda. उद्गातेव शकुने साम गायसि (udgāteva śakune sāma gāyasi) Rv.2.43.2. Bṛ. Up.1.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—m.

(-tā) A reciter of the prayers, &c. of the Sama Veda. E. ud up, and gātṛ who sings, (the prayers being chaunted,) from gai to sing, and tṛc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—i. e. ud-gai + tṛ, m. A reciter of the Sāma Veda, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 209.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—[masculine] chanter (of the Sāman-hymns).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ):—[=ud-gātṛ] a etc. See [column]2.

2) [=ud-gātṛ] [from ud-gai] b m. one of the four chief-priests (viz. the one who chants the hymns of the Sāmaveda), a chanter, [Ṛg-veda ii, 43, 2; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Suśruta; Manu-smṛti etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ):—(tā) 4. m. A reciter of the prayers of the Sāma Veda.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Udgātar (उद्गातर्):—(von gā, gāyati mit ud) m. derjenige Hauptpriester, welcher das Sāman singt, [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 16.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 819.] u.gā.eva śakune.sāma gāyasi [Ṛgveda 2, 43, 2.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 2, 9, 5. 6, 3, 1, 5.] anuvartmānvā ayaṃ hotā sāmagasyābhūdudgātari yaśo dhāt [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 22. 7, 1.] sarve vā anya udgātuḥ prāñca ārtvijyaṃ kurvanti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 3, 2, 2. 5, 9, 1. 5, 4, 5, 22.] adhvaryuśca hotā ca brahmā codgātā caitānvā anvanya ṛtvijaḥ [13, 4, 1, 4.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 7, 1, 6. 9, 6, 25.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 9, 4.] brahmāṇameva prathamaṃ vṛṇīte tha hotāramathādhvaryumathodgātāram [GṚHY. 1, 24.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 209.] [Suśruta 1, 123, 12.] [Harivaṃśa 1334.] brahmāṇaṃ paramaṃ vaktrādudgātāraṃ ca sāmagam . hotāramatha cādhvaryuṃ bāhubhyāmasṛjatprabhuḥ .. [11360.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 276.] udgātṛpaddhati [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 313.] — Vgl. audgātra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Udgātar (उद्गातर्):—m. derjenige Hauptpriester , der das Sāman singt. tṛveda m. Comm. zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtra 22,1,1.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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