Udgatri, Udgatar, Udgātṛ, Udgātrī: 13 definitions
Udgatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Udgātṛ can be transliterated into English as Udgatr or Udgatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ) refers to the priest associated with the Sāmaveda, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“The Hotṛ-priest performs with the Ṛg-veda. The Udgātṛ-priest with the Sāma-veda. The Adhvaryu-priest with the Yajur-veda. The Brahma-priest with all”. Commentary: “With all” means with the three Vedas, because the Brahma-priest, or superintendent of the whole sacrifice, must be acquainted with the three Vedas. Others would include the Atharva-veda”.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ) refers to one of the four classes of Ṛtvijas (Ṛtvik), or “priests participating in the Vedic sacrifices”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, [...] In that sacrifice that was being performed in that holy place of Kanakhala, Bhṛgu and other sages were made Ṛtviks by him (Dakṣa). [...] There were eighty-six thousand Ṛtviks in the performance of the sacrifice and sixty-four thousand Udgātṛs. The celestial sages Nārada and others acted as Adhvaryus and Hotṛs. They too were as many. The seven sages (jointly and) severally repeated the Sāman hymns”.
Note: The priests (Ṛtvijas) participating in the Vedic sacrifices are usually four in number. They are Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Udgātṛ and Brahman corresponding to the four Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan respectively.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 21; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 29.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 167. 7; 246. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 60. 17.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
1) The udgatar is the chanter of hymns set to melodies (sāman) drawn from the Samaveda. The udgatar, like the Hotar, chants the introductory, yajna and eulogistic verses. These three types of hymns are identified with the three kinds of vital breath Prana, Apana and Vyana in the body and the udgatar himself contemplates on the vital breath.
2) The udgātṛ was a chanter of hymns set to melodies (sāman) drawn from the sāmaveda. This was a specialized role in the major soma sacrifices: a characteristic function of the udgātṛ was to sing hymns in praise of the invigorating properties of soma pavamāna, the freshly pressed juice of the soma plant.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—&c. See under उद्गै, उद्गॄ (udgai, udgṝ).
See also (synonyms): udgāra.
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Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—m. One of the four principal priests at a sacrifice, one who chants the hymns of the Sāmaveda. उद्गातेव शकुने साम गायसि (udgāteva śakune sāma gāyasi) Ṛgveda 2.43.2. Bṛ. Up.1.3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tā) A reciter of the prayers, &c. of the Sama Veda. E. ud up, and gātṛ who sings, (the prayers being chaunted,) from gai to sing, and tṛc aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—i. e. ud-gai + tṛ, m. A reciter of the Sāma Veda, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 209.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ).—[masculine] chanter (of the Sāman-hymns).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ):—[=ud-gātṛ] a etc. See [column]2.
2) [=ud-gātṛ] [from ud-gai] b m. one of the four chief-priests (viz. the one who chants the hymns of the Sāmaveda), a chanter, [Ṛg-veda ii, 43, 2; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Suśruta; Manu-smṛti etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Udgātṛ (उद्गातृ):—(tā) 4. m. A reciter of the prayers of the Sāma Veda.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Udgātṛ (ಉದ್ಗಾತೃ):—[noun] one of the four principal priests at a sacrifice, who chants the hymns of Sāmavēda in a Vedic ritual.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Sudgatri.
Full-text (+29): Audgatra, Udgatridamana, Prastotri, Madhyatahkarin, Pratihartri, Mahtvij, Ritvik, Upagatri, Udgatradi, Adhvaryu, Neshtodgatarau, Upagatar, Udgitha, Subrahmanya, Prastotar, Hotri, Udgai, Pratihartar, Sudgatar, Stotra.
Search found 39 books and stories containing Udgatri, Udgatar, Udgātṛ, Udgātrī, Udgatr, Ud-gatri, Ud-gātṛ, Udgātar; (plurals include: Udgatris, Udgatars, Udgātṛs, Udgātrīs, Udgatrs, gatris, gātṛs, Udgātars). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bharadvaja-srauta-sutra (by C. G. Kashikar)
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa X, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Tenth Kāṇḍa]
Kanda IV, adhyaya 5, brahmana 3 < [Fourth Kanda]
Chandogya Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 27 - The inauguration of Dakṣa’s sacrifice < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Brahma Sutras (Shankaracharya) (by George Thibaut)
III, 3, 7 < [Third Adhyāya, Third Pāda]
III, 4, 45 < [Third Adhyāya, Fourth Pāda]
III, 4, 46 < [Third Adhyāya, Fourth Pāda]
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)