Udasina, Udāsīna: 21 definitions


Udasina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Udāsīna (उदासीन) refers to the “neutral”, as in, a neutral king, or an indifferent sovereign. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Udāsīna refers to “the neutral kingdom” and represents one of the twelve categories of the maṇḍala system laid out by Kauṭilya (4th century BCE) and Kāmandaka (7th century A.D.). These twelve cateogires of state can be broadly applied to Gaṇapatideva  (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) and the Kākatīya empire.—The neutral kingdom situated beyond the empire was the Imperial Colas.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Udāsīna (उदासीन) refers to one who is “gloomy in spirit”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.25. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] on hearing these words of Rāma of pious rites, Satī was delighted. She praised him in her heart for his devotion to Śiva. Remembering her own action she was much distressed. She returned to Śiva, pale in face and gloomy in spirit (udāsīna)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Udāsīna (उदासीन, “listless”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., udāsīna—listless], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Udasina in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Udāsīna (उदासीन) refers to a “detached (gaze)”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “O wise one, for the sake of accomplishing the no-mind state, we teach you this special method; with your mind focused and looking on the [world of] multiplicity with a detached gaze (udāsīna-dṛś), root out intentional thought”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Udāsīna.—cf. udāsina-vāriyam (SITI), a committee which is neutral to both the parties; same as madhyastha or the arbi- tration committee. Note: udāsīna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Udasina in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

udāsīna : (adj.) indifferent; passive.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udāsīna, (adj.) (ud + āsīna, pp. of ās to sit; lit. sit apart, be indifferent) indifferent, passive, neutral DhsA. 129. (Page 134)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udāsīna (उदासीन).—a (S) One neither friendly nor hostile, a neutral. 2 Regardless, indifferent, wanting desire or aversion concerning: also neutral, impartial, unbiassed. 3 Indifferent, neither commanded nor prohibited--an action. 4 Sad, dejected, dispirited.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udāsīna (उदासीन).—a A neutral, one neither friend- ly nor hostile, indifferent. Sad.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udāsīna (उदासीन).—pres. p.

1) Indifferent, unconcerned, apathetic, passive; उदासीनवदासीनम् (udāsīnavadāsīnam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 9.9. तद्दर्शिनमुदासीनं त्वामेव पुरुषं विदुः (taddarśinamudāsīnaṃ tvāmeva puruṣaṃ viduḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.13. (taking no part in the creation of the material universe); see साङ्ख्य (sāṅkhya); Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

2) (In law) Not involved in any dispute.

3) Neutral, (as a king or nation).

-naḥ 1 A stranger.

2) A neutral, an indifferent person; अरिमित्रोदासीनव्यवस्था (arimitrodāsīnavyavasthā) Mu.5; Manusmṛti 7.158; Y.1.345; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.9.

3) A common acquaintance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udāsīna (उदासीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Indifferent, free from affection. (In law,) One [Pagĕ1-a+ 60] not involved in the dispute. m.

(-naḥ) A stranger, a neutral, a common acquaintance, a person neither a friend, nor a foe. E. ud above, āsīna seated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udāsīna (उदासीन).—[adjective] indifferent, passive, neutral; [adverb] vat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udāsīna (उदासीन):—[=ud-āsīna] [from ud-ās] mfn. ([present tense] p.) sitting apart, indifferent, free from affection

2) [v.s. ...] inert, inactive

3) [v.s. ...] (in law) not involved in a lawsuit, [Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya; Bhagavad-gītā etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a stranger, neutral

5) [v.s. ...] one who is neither friend nor foe

6) [v.s. ...] a stoic, philosopher, ascetic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udāsīna (उदासीन):—[udā+sīna] (naḥ) 1. m. A stranger. a. Indifferent, stoical.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udāsīna (उदासीन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uāsīṇa, Udāsīṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udasina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Udasina in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udāsīna (उदासीन) [Also spelled udasin]:—(a) indifferent; disinterested, non-chalant; ~[] indifference; disinterestedness; non-chalance.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Udāsīṇa (उदासीण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Udāsīna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udāsina (ಉದಾಸಿನ):—[adjective] = (correctly) ಉದಾಸೀನ [udasina]¹.

--- OR ---

Udāsina (ಉದಾಸಿನ):—[noun] = (correctly) ಉದಾಸೀನ [udasina]².

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Udāsīna (ಉದಾಸೀನ):—

1) [adjective] feeling little or no emotion.

2) [adjective] not interested; indifferent; listless; passive; apathetic 3) not aligned with either side in a conflict of power; neutral.

--- OR ---

Udāsīna (ಉದಾಸೀನ):—

1) [noun] he who is sitting or staying away.

2) [noun] a man, king or nation that is not involving oneself in a dispute between others.

3) [noun] a man lacking interest; a listless man.

4) [noun] the wilful disregard; lack of respect.

5) [noun] a man acting with an evil intent or in a wicked way.

6) [noun] lack of interest or attention; inattentiveness; inactiveness; passiveness.

7) [noun] (phil.) according to Sāṃkhya, that which does not partake in creation of the universe.

8) [noun] ಉದಾಸೀನಮಾಡು [udasinamadu] udāsīna māḍu to show disrespect; to slight; 2. to show apathy; to be listless or passive towards; to give cold shoulder to.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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