U: 10 definitions


U means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

U (उ).—(l) labial vowel standing for the long ऊ (ū) and protracted ऊ3 in Pāṇini's grammar unless the consonant त् (t) is affixed to it, उत् (ut) standing for the short उ (u) only: (2) Vikaraṇa affix उ (u) of the 8th conjugation (तनादिगण (tanādigaṇa)) and the roots धिन्व् (dhinv) and कृण्व् (kṛṇv);cf.P.III. 1.79-80; (3) substitute (उ) for the vowel अ (a) of कृ (kṛ),e.g. कुरुतः, कृर्वन्ति (kurutaḥ, kṛrvanti) before weak Sārvadhātuka affixes, cf.P.VI 4.110; (4) kṛt. affix उ (u) added to bases ending in सन् (san) and the roots आशंस्, भिक्ष्, विद्, इष् (āśaṃs, bhikṣ, vid, iṣ) as also to bases ending in क्यच् (kyac) in the Vedic Literature,e.g. चिकीर्षुः भिक्षुः, बिन्दुः,इच्छुः,सुम्नयु (cikīrṣuḥ bhikṣuḥ, binduḥ, icchuḥ, sumnayu); cf. P. III. 2.168-170; (5) Uṅādi affix उ (u) (उण् (uṇ)) e.g, कारुः, वायुः, साधुः (kāruḥ, vāyuḥ, sādhuḥ), etc.; cf. Uṅādi I.1; (6) mute vowel उ (u) added to the first letters of a class of consonants in Pāṇini's grammar to show the whole class of the five letters; e.g. कु, चु, टु, तु, पु (ku, cu, ṭu, tu, pu) which stand for the Guttural, the palatal the lingual, the dental and the labial classes respectively; cf. also ष्टुना ष्टुः (ṣṭunā ṣṭuḥ) P.VIII.4.41(7) उ (u) added to न् (n) showing the consonant न् (n) as nasalized n; cf, नुः (nuḥ) V.Pr. III.133.

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Ū (ऊ).—Long vowel ऊ, उ (ū, u) being the short vowel.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) U (उ).—The letter 'u' means Śiva. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 348).

2) Ū (ऊ).—This letter means 'protection'. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 348).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

U.—(IE 8-1), abbreviation of the land measure called udāna (q. v.). Note: u is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

u (उ).—

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u (उ).—The fifth vowel; corresponding with u in full, and here represented by U. 2 (ud or ut S) An inseparable particle and prefix to verbs, implying contrariety of action, privation, deterioration &c.: as usaviṇēṃ, upikaṇēṃ, ulagaḍaṇēṃ, ucakaṭaṇēṃ, upiṭhaṇēṃ, uvaḷaṇēṃ.

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ū (ऊ).—

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ū (ऊ).—The sixth vowel. It corresponds with U in Rule, and is here represented by U'.

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ū (ऊ).—f (yūkā S) A louse. The plural is uvā shortened into .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

u (उ).—The fifth vowel.

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u (उ).—f A louse. uilā a Lousy.

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ū (ऊ).—The sixth vowel. f A louse.

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ū (ऊ).—interj How? Eh? What? f A louse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

U (उ).—I. 1 Ā. (avate, ūve, auṣṭa, otum, uta)

1) To sound, make a noise.

2) To roar, bellow (as a bull &c.). -II 5 P. (unoti) Ved. To ask, demand.

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U (उ).—1 Name of Śiva, the second of the three syllables in ओम् (om); see अ (a).

2) Name of Brahmā.

3) The orb of the moon; cf. also उर्गौरीपतिरुः कालः सेतुर्नाथः परायणः । नारदोऽर्कोऽनिलः पाशी मार्कण्डेयोऽथ रावणः (urgaurīpatiruḥ kālaḥ seturnāthaḥ parāyaṇaḥ | nārado'rko'nilaḥ pāśī mārkaṇḍeyo'tha rāvaṇaḥ) || Ek. -ind.

1) As a particle used expletively; उ उमेशः (u umeśaḥ) Sk.

2) An interjection of :-(a) calling; उ मेति मात्रा तपसो निषिद्धा पश्चादुमाख्यां सुमुखी जगाम (u meti mātrā tapaso niṣiddhā paścādumākhyāṃ sumukhī jagāma) Ku.1.26; (b) anger; (c) compassion; (d) command; (e) acceptance; (f) interrogation; उ मेति मात्रा तपसो निषिद्धा (u meti mātrā tapaso niṣiddhā) Ku.1.26. (g) wonder; यत्सन्निधावहमु खाण्डवमग्नयेऽदाम् (yatsannidhāvahamu khāṇḍavamagnaye'dām) Bhāg.1.15.8. or used merely as an expletive. In the Veda used as an enclitic copula implying restriction and emphasis (and, but, on the other hand, now, I ask &c.); in classical literature used chiefly with अथ (atha) (atho), न (na) (no) and किम् (kim) (kimu); see these words. उ-उ (u-u) or उत (uta) on the one hand-on the other hand, partly-partly.

Derivable forms: uḥ (उः).

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Ū (ऊ).—[avatīti, ava-kvip ūṭh]

1) Name of Śiva.

2) The moon.

3) A protector; cf. ऊः परेतोऽण्डजस्त्वष्टा विवस्वानग्निसारथिः । वह्निर्निशाकरः पूर्णो दरिद्री सरमा- धिपः (ūḥ pareto'ṇḍajastvaṣṭā vivasvānagnisārathiḥ | vahnirniśākaraḥ pūrṇo daridrī saramā- dhipaḥ) || Ek. -ind.

1) A particle used to introduce a subject.

2) An interjection of (a) calling; (b) of compassion; (c) protection.

Derivable forms: ūḥ (ऊः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

U (उ).—The third short vowel of the Sanskrit alphabet, corresponding to the letter U, and pronounced as that is in the word full.

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U (उ).—r. 1st cl. (ṅa) uṅ (uvate) To sound, to make a particular sound or noise.

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U (उ).—ind. An interjection, 1. of assent; 2. of calling; 3. of compassion; 4. anger; and 5. of command. 6. An expletive. m.

(-uḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. Of Brahma.

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Ū (ऊ).—The sixth vowel of the Sanskrit alphabet, corresponding to U long, and having the sound of that letter in the word rule.

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Ū (ऊ).—ind. 1. An incipient particle. 2. An interjection of compassion. 3. Of regard. m. (ūḥ) The moon. E. av to go, kvip affix, va becomes ū.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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