Tvak: 14 definitions


Tvak means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tvak (त्वक्) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Cinnamon” spice, obtained from the bark of several trees within the Lauraceae family (e.g., Cinnamomum verum, or “true cinnamon”), and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. According to ayurveda, Its its medicinal use include anti toxic use and remedies against throat pain / headaches. There are many other medicinal uses.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Tvak (त्वक्, “skin”) is so-called as it covers the whole body from tip to toe. It has got seven layers.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Tvak (त्वक्) refers to “bark” (part of a plant) and represents a type of vegetable (śāka) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Śāka-prakaraṇa deals with all types of vegetables. Here vegetables are classified into different plant parts [like bark (tvak), etc.]. Each of these classification have so many varieties. This prakaraṇa is devoted to explain these varieties and their properties in detail.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Tvak (त्वक्) refers to the medicinal plant known as Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Bk., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Tvak. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Tvak (त्वक्) or Tvaca refers to the medicinal plant Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume Syn. Cinnamomum verum Presl., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Tvak] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Tvak (त्वक्) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cinnamomum verum Presl.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning tvak] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Tvak (त्वक्):—Bark (stem / root) of a plant

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Tvak (त्वक्) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “skin”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called sparśayitavya or spraṣṭavya (the tangiferous) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is vāyu. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the skin (tvak), in the tangiferous (sparśayitavya), in vāyu, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Tvak in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum cassia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cinnamomum aromaticum Nees (among others).

2) Tvak is also identified with Cinnamomum tamala It has the synonym Cinnamomum tamala T. Nees & Eberm. (etc.).

3) Tvak is also identified with Cinnamomum verum It has the synonym Camphora mauritiana Lukman. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Philippine Journal of Science (1906)
· Plantae Asiaticae Rariores (1831)
· Botanist’s Repository (1808)
· Cinn. Disput. (1823)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1892)
· FBI (1886)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tvak, for example diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tvak (त्वक्).—f S The skin. In comp. as tvagindriya, tvak- kṣīrā, tvagaṅkura, tvakapatra, tvaksāra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tvak (त्वक्).—f The skin.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvak (त्वक्):—[from tvac] in [compound] for 2. tvac.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tvak (त्वक्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Caā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tvak (त्वक्):—(nm) the skin; bark.

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